Natural Resources

 natural resources mining pit credit pixabay ronile

Extractive companies have had adverse impacts on a broad array of human rights, such as resettlement of communities without adequate consultation and compensation; environmental degradation and its effects on health, sources of livelihood and access to clean water; as well as charges of forced labor, rape and even extrajudicial killings by security forces protecting company assets, with some cases meeting the legal definition of corporate complicity.

 

- John Ruggie 

Natural resources are at the beginning of every supply chain. Their development is essential to the production of energy, consumer goods and food. This means that there are high stakes involved in their use, development and depletion. Natural resources can therefore be a great source of wealth for both governments and local communities, and bring benefits to all citizens. In practice, however, investments in oil, gas, coal, minerals, renewable energyand large-scale agriculture are often entwined with human rights abuses. This is particularly the case in some of the world’s poorest – but most resource-rich – countries. Under the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights, it is the responsibility of the companies developing these resources, as well as their buyers and investors, to safeguard the human rights of workers and communities affected by their activities. 

As Congolese doctor Denis Mukwege explained in his Nobel Peace Prize acceptance speech: 

We love nice cars, jewellery and gadgets. I have a smartphone myself. These items contain minerals found in our country. Often mined in inhuman conditions by young children, victims of intimidation and sexual violence. When you drive your electric car, when you use your smart phone or admire your jewellery, take a minute to reflect on the human cost of manufacturing these objects. As consumers, let us at least insist that these products are manufactured with respect for human dignity.

In this “Big Issue” area, discover sector-specific analysis, initiatives, and news coverage.

Extractives   Renewable Energy   Agriculture

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6 February 2020
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الكاتب: Manuel Odeny, The Star (Kenya)

"Four killed after Migori gold mine collapses"...

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6 February 2020
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الكاتب: China.org.cn

" South Sudan takes action against oil pollution"...

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4 February 2020
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الكاتب: Pulse TV (Ghana)

‘Two ‘illegal miners’ die in abandoned pit’ 2 February 2020...

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4 February 2020
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الكاتب: Mining Technology

‘Nine illegal miners killed in Johannesburg, South Africa’ 3 February 2020...

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4 February 2020
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الكاتب: Amnesty International

‘South Africa: Mining gathering must confront human rights violations’ 3 February 2020...

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4 February 2020
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الكاتب: Kenneth Nyangani, Zimbabwe Daily

‘Communities receive training to fight diamond leakages’ 4 February 2020...

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4 February 2020
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الكاتب: Enacy Mapakame, The Herald (Zimbabwe)

"Women miners more vulnerable to machete attacks" 4 February 2020...

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3 February 2020
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الكاتب: Center for Research and Development Zimbabwe, Kubatana. Net (Zimbabwe)

‘Govt Controlled Diamond Mining in Marange Masking Resource Leakages and Human Rights Abuse’ 28 January 2020...

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3 February 2020
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الكاتب: Nomahlubi Jordaan, Sowetan Live (South Africa)

"Illegal female miners pressured by police to do sexual favours to avoid arrest", 30 January 2020...

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3 February 2020
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