US appeals court dismisses lawsuit against Ford & IBM brought by South African apartheid victims
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الكاتب: Dan McCue, Courthouse News Service
Victims of apartheid in South Africa cannot sue IBM and the Ford Motor Co. in New York because there is no evidence any of the corporations' alleged offenses occurred in the United States, the Second Circuit ruled Monday. The ruling, written by U.S. Circuit Judge Jose Cabranes on behalf of the three-judge panel, cites a 2013 ruling by the Supreme Court that significantly limits the reach of the 1789 Alien Tort Statute…The panel's ruling Monday upheld decision by U.S. District Judge Shira Scheindlin, who threw out the cases last year -- some of them filed as long ago as 2002, against scores of corporations and individuals -- because the conduct complained of occurred overseas.
الكاتب: Jonathan Stempel, Reuters
Victims of apartheid in South Africa cannot pursue lawsuits seeking to hold Ford Motor Co and IBM Corp liable for conducting business that helped perpetuate the practice decades ago…The 2nd U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals in New York said black South Africans did not show that Ford and IBM engaged in enough wrongdoing in the United States from the 1970s to early 1990s to justify lawsuits over their alleged roles in killings, torture and other human rights abuses. Ford was accused of providing military vehicles for South African security forces, and sharing information about anti-apartheid and union activists. IBM was accused of providing technology and training to perpetuate racial separation and the "denationalization" of black South Africans. The plaintiffs sued 13 years ago under the Alien Tort Statute…
الكاتب: US Court of Appeals for the 2nd Circuit
This appeal presents the question of whether plaintiffs, victims of South African apartheid, have plausibly alleged relevant conduct committed within the United States that is sufficient to rebut the Alien Tort Statute’s presumption against extraterritoriality. We hold that they have not. Accordingly, we AFFIRM the August 28, 2014 order of the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York (Shira A. Sheindlin, Judge).
الكاتب: Sophia Cope, Electronic Frontier Foundation
The Second Circuit Court of Appeals dealt a blow to human rights victims when it dismissed Balintulo v. Ford Motor Co. this week. The appellate court…[applied] an unrealistically and unfairly high pleading standard to a case brought by black South Africans against IBM Corp. and Ford Motor Co. for their roles in facilitating apartheid. In February, we filed an amicus brief in support of the plaintiffs’ case against IBM…We believe strongly in innovation and the power of technology to be a force for good…As we said in our amicus brief, “U.S. corporations should not enjoy immunity for their purposeful assistance, technological or otherwise, in gross human rights violations . . . Technology has the capacity to protect human rights, but it also can be customized to make violations ruthlessly efficient.”
الكاتب: Sarah Altschuller, CSR and the Law by Foley Hoag
Earlier this week, the Second Circuit Court of Appeals affirmed a decision in In re: South African Apartheid Litigation dismissing claims brought pursuant to the Alien Tort Statute (“ATS”) against Ford and IBM. Plaintiffs had alleged that the companies aided and abetted tortious conduct by South Africa’s apartheid regime. The Court observed that the “focus” of the necessary inquiry as to whether plaintiffs’ claims properly “touch and concern” the United States is “the nature and location of the conduct constituting the alleged offenses under the law of nations.”