Russia’s war on Ukraine and international sanctions have driven a major shift in the vital trade arteries between East Asia and Europe. With tight restrictions on the Northern Corridor through Russia, there has been a rapid expansion of the Middle Corridor through Central Asia, South Caucasus and Eastern Europe, with unprecedented investment in infrastructure mega-projects for ports, roads and railways planned or announced from Brussels to Beijing. But this expansion has been linked to allegations of human rights abuse: workers have been subjected to unfair wages, health and safety concerns and lack of decent work. Meanwhile, local communities have suffered from unfair negotiations and displacement, among other harms.
This tracker looks at 28 infrastructure development projects - including highways, roads, railways and waterways - in the Eastern Europe and Central Asia region. Explore projects and find information on contractors, investors and allegations of abuse.
Road to rights: The human cost of the new "Middle Corridor"
Read our analysis
At a glance
infrastructure development projects
analysed for our research
human rights impacts
recorded across 38 allegations of abuse
impacts on communities