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“Dispossession and Displacement: Strategies for Orinoquia's Development”
Author: Humanidad Vigente & 11 additional organizations, Published on: 11 December 2017
The present report is about the Colombian Orinoco region, paying special attention to the grabbing of land and territories by political, economic and armed groups, particularly paramilitaries and/or drug traffickers. The aim is to provide elements to understand how the scramble for land has had an impact on the local campesino and settler population and the indigenous communities of the region. In order to do this, we present the story of Yeny Chipiaje, an indigenous woman of the Sikuani-Kubeo community, born in the town of La Primavera (Vichada). Her case shows how she became a victim and illustrates the impacts of agro-industrial enterprises in the Altillanura. Through her narrative we try to answer some of the questions raised by victims: why did the armed actors come to their territory? What have been the interests and who are the beneficiaries of the 5 Dispossession and Displacement: Strategies for Orinoquia’ s Development conflict in this territory? Why have the victims not been duly acknowledged nor received reparations? Why have public policies in the area been aimed at promoting private sector interests? Surely these questions are the same as those posed by the victims in other regions of the country as they are witnessing how the economic power that has been accumulated through violence is in the hands of specific beneficiaries, their representatives or heirs. We shall focus on the Eastern Plains region, which includes the Departments of Casanare, Meta, 5 Vichada, Guaviare, 6 Arauca, 7 Guainía and Vaupés.