Academic paper on "role of business in conflict transformation" - with a special focus on corporate engagement in Nepal

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Article
16 May 2012

Corporate Engagement for Conflict Transformation: Conceptualising the Business-Peace Interface

Author: Safal Ghimire and Bishnu Raj Upreti

Economic issues have been key factors in many conflicts around the globe...On occasions corporate actors can be seen to have played decisive roles, both triggering conflicts and transforming conflict...In this context, this paper discusses the relationship between corporate actors and conflict transformation with a special focus on Nepal [and] conceptualise[s] the business-peace relationship... Respondents were selected from three sectors: production and manufacturing industry, tourism and hospitality industry, banking and finance industry...The figure identifies five broad types of pro-peace engagement of corporate actors - social, humanitarian, philanthropic, economic and political. Such engagements should be conflict-sensitive so as to ensure that the corporate activities do not fuel conflict.

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Article
1 April 2012

[PDF] Corporate Engagement for Conflict Transformation: Conceptualising the Business-Peace Interface

Author: Safal Ghimire and Bishnu Raj Upreti, in Journal of Conflict Transformation & Security

So, economic actors can play both negative and positive roles in the transformation of conflicts. This paper discusses the conceptual relation between business and peace with reference to the work of three theorists...and a case study of Nepal...It uses qualitative interviews with labour unions and busi-ness associations as primary data and journal articles, books and reports as secondary data...The paper concludes that, given its networks, resources and social position, the corporate sector can help transform conflicts by addressing their economic causes. [refers to Three Sisters' Trekking Agency, Khetan, Golchha, Chaudhary, Kedia, Vaidya, Mittal (part of Arcelor Mittal), Marwari Group]

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