Africa: Oxfam's paper highlights emerging standards for Free, Prior & Informed Consent for extractive industry projects
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Author: Oxfam America
This research backgrounder provides an overview of global policies and standards pertaining to Free Prior Informed Consent (FPIC) relevant to the African context. The policies and standards highlighted in the report attest to a growing recognition of FPIC and the importance of local community participation in decision making related to extractive industry project development. [refers to Talisman, De Beers, Inmet, Calvert Group, Rio Tinto, Xstrata, Newmont]
[PDF] Free, Prior and Informed Consent in Africa: An emerging standard for extractive industry projects
Author: Emily Greenspan, Oxfam America
More broadly, FPIC is emerging as a best practice for safeguarding the human rights of all communities affected by extractive industry projects. These include, for example, the right to food, development, property, culture, and a healthy environment. One multilateral treaty that has been interpreted as requiring FPIC for non-indigenous (in addition to indigenous) communities is the United Nations International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights. Here FPIC applies in situations that threaten the preservation of cultural resources and with regard to community relocation when evictions or displacement occur under exceptional circumstances.