As govts. agree to amend Montreal Protocol & limit high-emission gas, businesses search for alternative technology

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Article
17 October 2016

Push by companies to limit gas emitted by air conditioners & refrigerators

Author: Amy Harder & Russell Gold, Wall Street Journal (USA)

"Companies Readying for New Limits to Emissions From Air Conditioners, Refrigerators", 15 October 2016

An international agreement struck on Saturday in Rwanda would limit the use of greenhouse gases emitted by air conditioners and refrigerators, a move for which some U.S. companies had already been preparing. Nearly 200 countries, including the U.S., China and India, agreed to the deal, which would require the nations to phase out pollutants called hydrofluorocarbons, or HFCs, starting in 2019, with the goal of an 80% reduction globally by 2047…The HFC agreement…comes in the form of an amendment to the Montreal Protocol, an international treaty undertaken nearly 30 years ago to protect the Earth’s ozone layer. Unlike the Paris deal, this weekend’s agreement carries legal force to cut emissions…Chemours Co…was introducing a new line of gases to help replace HFCs for certain industrial-scale refrigeration and air-cooling systems. Johnson Controls Inc. recently introduced two new building-cooling systems that use an alternative to HFCs…Fomo Products… intended to use more hydrofluoroolefin, which is considered a less potent greenhouse gas...

 

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Article
17 October 2016

US companies focus on alternative cooling systems to reduce greenhouse gas emissions

Author: Malathi Nayak, Reuters

"U.S. companies brace for climate-friendly alternatives in cooling systems", 16 October 2016

U.S. chemical companies including Honeywell and Chemours Co are ramping up efforts to produce alternative coolants used in air-conditioners and refrigerators, following a global pact to reduce planet-warming greenhouse gas emissions…[S]ome 150 nations struck a global agreement…on ways to phase down hydrofluorocarbon (HFC) gases, which are currently used in air-cooling systems and refrigerators, and help curb the release of climate-warming emissions. The accord is an amendment to the 1987 Montreal Protocol, which was aimed at stopping the depletion of the ozone layer. As part of a larger goal to globally reduce HFCs by 80 percent by 2047, signatories such as U.S., India and China have agreed to phase out the pollutants from cooling appliances starting 2019. The agreement is a boon for chemical and equipment makers…and will help speed up development and testing of HFC alternatives…The Morris Plains…has already begun producing HFC substitutes used for foam insulation, aerosols, commercial refrigerants, and chiller applications...

 

 

 

 

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Article
10 October 2016

Govt. leaders discuss amending Montreal Protocol to limit use of highly-pollutant gas

Author: Lou Del Bello, Climate Home

"The Paris Agreement of refrigeration - a bluffer's guide," 7 Oct 2016

…Unfortunately hydrofluorocarbons…are a timebomb for the climate…[N]ational delegates meet in Kigali…to try and agree a phase-out…Scientists calculate that replacing…[HFCs]…with greener alternatives could prevent global warming of 0.35-0.5C by 2100. It may not sound like much, but…[l]ow-lying island states say the difference between 1.5C and 2C is a life or death matter…HFCs were introduced relatively recently, to replace the…chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) banned under the Montreal Protocol…Now, the plan is to repeat the trick for HFCs, using the same treaty. The small number of companies producing ozone-depleting gases helped to keep the process manageable in 1987. Observers believe that the same industry-driven process could happen this year in Kigali…After the Paris Agreement, there is momentum for a deal. But political differences remain…Vincent Biruta, Rwanda’s minister for natural resources, told Climate Home…“Countries have various concerns depending on their status as consumers or manufacturers. We need to take all of these into consideration and make sure there is enough to bring everybody on board.”

[Also refers to Chemours and Honeywell.]

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Article
23 September 2016

Businesses joins govts. to call for amendment to strictly regulate greenhouse gases

Author: Madeleine Cuff, Business Green

"Businesses join world leaders in push for stricter regulation of toxic greenhouse gases," 23 September 2016

Nations including the US, Chile and Canada, alongside more than 500 businesses, call for an amendment to Montreal Protocol to freeze use of toxic cooling agents hydrofluorocarbons…(HFCs), the potent greenhouse gases used in refrigerators and air conditioning…The countries also pledged to provide a further £80m in adaption funding to developing nations, where HFC use is rapidly increasing. The funding, provided by 16 donor countries and philanthropists, will be used to support improvements in energy efficiency…Securing a deal to limit their use is…critical for preventing dangerous global warming - an ambitious phase down could avoid up to 0.5 degrees of warming by the end of the century…Meanwhile, more than 500 national and international companies and organisations, including Ben & Jerry's, Microsoft, Nike and Unilever, alongside major refrigerant firms from around the world, also joined the call yesterday for action on HFCs, issuing a statement urging governments to start phasing out their use "as early as practicable"…

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