Brazil-UK: Forced labour, due diligence & beef and timber supply chains research results, includes outreach to companies

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[To read this story in Portuguese, click here]

The University of Nottingham, BRICS Policy Centre, Business & Human Rights Resource Centre, Reporter Brasil and Core Coalition, with the support of the British Academy, have conducted a research on the Beef and Timber Supply Chain in Brazil in 2018: “The interaction of law and supply chain management in cross-judicial supply chains: supply chain effectiveness of modern slavery legislation”.

Business & Human Rights Resource Centre was responsible for conducting an outreach to Brazilian companies in such supply chains inviting them to respond to a questionnaire on due diligence and labour issues. The main objectives of this outreach were to understand better how companies view the issue of forced labour in their supply chains and understand their approaches to prevent forced labour and conduct human rights due diligence.

Please find below some of the outcomes of this project such as the Guide "Tackling slavery in supply chains:lessons from Brazilian-UK beef and timber", prepared by Dr Caroline Emberson of the University of Nottingham's Rights Lab with contributions from Dr Silvia Pinheiro, PUC Rio and Marilyn Croser, CORE, the Summary of outreach to Brazilian beef and timber companies on forced labour prepared by the Business & Human Rights Resource Centre and the reports "Cattle Route: Modern Slavery and the British Market" and "Timber Industry: Modern Slavery and the British Market" prepared by Reporter Brasil.

About the outcomes:

1) Summary of outreach to Brazilian beef and timber companies on forced labour

In October 2018, Business & Human Rights Resource Centre approached 9 Brazilian timber and beef companies with a questionnaire on their actions to prevent forced labour in their supply chains. Seven companies responded representing a response rate of 77% (the Resource Centre’s Global Response Rate is around 75%). These companies were chosen because they are large timber or beef companies with exports to the UK. Full responses are available in Portuguese below.

From the beef sector, we invited BRF, JBS Global, Marfrig and Minerva Foods to respond. JBS and Minerva Foods responded. We will inform in the near future if BRF and Marfrig respond.

From the timber sector, we invited Fibria Celulose, Grupo Sudati, Grupo Tramontina, Klabin, Tradelink Madeiras and Suzano Papel e Celulose. During the process of responding the questionnaires, Suzano Papel e Celulose merged with Fibria Celulose. Klabin, Tramontina Belém (from the Grupo Tramontina), Tradelink Madeira, and Suzano Papel e Celulose (on behalf of Suzano Papel e Celulose and Fibria Celulose) responded to the questionnaires. We will inform in the near future if Grupo Sudati responds.

2) Guide "Tackling slavery in supply chains:lessons from Brazilian-UK beef and timber".

This guide was prepared by Dr Caroline Emberson of the University of Nottingham's Rights Lab with contributions from Dr Silvia Pinheiro, PUC Rio and Marilyn Croser, CORE.  The guide "draws upon collaborative research led by the University of Nottingham and the Pontifical Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro (PUC Rio) with non-governmental organisations (NGOs) Reporter Brazil, Corporate Responsibility (CORE) and the Business and Human Rights Resource Centre (BHRRC). It presents case studies of emerging anti-slavery practices in the Brazilian-UK supply chains of beef and timber."

3) "Cattle Route: Modern Slavery and the British Market"

Report by Repórter Brasil which was responsible for conducting analysis of the supply chains of the sectors mentioned above.

“This report addresses the reality of slave labour in Brazil’s cattle industry, stressing its connections with British companies and exports to the United Kingdom. We focus on providing insights into the impact of anti-slavery laws – notably the UK Modern Slavery Act and the so-called “dirty list” of slave labour – in tackling modern slavery in production chains.”

4) "Timber Industry: Modern Slavery and the British Market"

"This report addresses the reality of slave labour in Brazil’s timber industry, stressing its connections with British companies and exports to the United Kingdom. We focus on providing insights into the impact of anti-slavery laws – notably the UK Modern Slavery Act and the so-called “dirty list” of slave labour – in tackling modern slavery in production chains. The investigation does not track specific batches of products, but identifies business relationships between suppliers and buyers"

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Report
15 March 2019

Brazil: Repórter Brasil's report "Cattle Route: Modern Slavery and the British Market"is launched; it includes comments from JBS, Marfrig and Minerva

Author: Repórter Brasil (Brazil)

“Cattle Route: Modern Slavery and the British Market”, March 2019

“This report addresses the reality of slave labour in Brazil’s cattle industry, stressing its connections with British companies and exports to the United Kingdom. We focus on providing insights into the impact of anti-slavery laws – notably the UK Modern Slavery Act and the so-called “dirty list” of slave labour – in tackling modern slavery in production chains.”

[It refers to  Fazenda Água Limpa - owners Delfino Francisco Kehrnvalt, Éstrio Paiva de Santana and Décio Gomes de Araújo, Fazenda Ana Thaíra - owner Delfino Pereira Martins, Fazenda Cachoeira, Fazenda Céu Azul - owner Thelma Taveira Faria Miranda, Fazenda Graphia and Fazenda Tucunaré/Antônio Calixto dos Santos, Fazenda DK - owners Delfino Francisco Kehrnval, Fazenda Leandra- Antônio Luiz Sanches Felipe and Fernandes Lavagnolli, Fazenda Maria de Jesús - onwer Manoel Alves de Sousa, Fazenda União]

Download the full document here

Report
15 March 2019

Brazil: Repórter Brasil's report "Timber Industry: Modern Slavery and the British Market"is launched; it includes comments from Ipex and Madeireira Ideal, Fibria/Suzano, Bonardi and Tradelink

“Timber Industry: Modern Slavery and the British Market”, March 2019

This report addresses the reality of slave labour in Brazil’s timber industry, stressing its connections with British companies and exports to the United Kingdom. We focus on providing insights into the impact of anti-slavery laws – notably the UK Modern Slavery Act and the so-called “dirty list” of slave labour – in tackling modern slavery in production chains. The investigation does not track specific batches of products, but identifies business relationships between suppliers and buyers…[T]he case studies are based on situations of contemporary slavery found during inspections conducted by Brazil’s Ministry of Labour…[:]…Case 1: M A de Sousa Madeireira…[;]…Case 2: Genaldo Antônio Raimundo da Silva…[;]…Case 3: Madeireira Paricá…[;]…Case 4: Bonardi da Amazônia…[C]ompanies’ responses…[from]…Ipex and Madeireira Ideal…[,]…Fibria/Suzano…[,]…Bonardi…[,]…Tradelink…

[It refers to Santo Antônio Farm - owner Genaldo Antônio Raimundo da Silva]

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Article
15 March 2019

Managers in global supply chains need to do more to tackle modern slavery

Author: Caroline Emberson, Rights Lab and Charlotte Anscombe, Media Relations Manager (Arts and Social Sciences), University of Nottingham (UK)

"Managers in global supply chains need to do more to tackle modern slavery", 14 March 2019

More needs to be done to tackle modern slavery in supply chains in Brazil – one of the world’s biggest suppliers of beef and an important source of timber.

Whilst some businesses in Brazil are already putting measures in place to tackle modern slavery in their supply chains, there is a lack of consistency in approach, action is voluntary, and initiatives are frequently limited to specific communities or locations, according to new research.

The research was carried out by experts from the University of Nottingham’s Rights Lab and the Pontifical University in Rio de Janeiro, in conjunction with the Business and Human Rights Resource Centre (BHRRC), CORE and Reporter Brasil.

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Item
15 March 2019

Summary of outreach to Brazilian beef and timber companies on forced labour

Author: Business & Human Rights Resource Centre

"Summary of outreach to Brazilian beef and timber companies on forced labour", March 2019

In October 2018, Business & Human Rights Resource Centre approached 9 Brazilian timber and beef companies...[[BRF, JBS Global, Marfrig, Minerva, Fibria Celulose, Klabin, Tradelink Madeiras, Grupo Tramontina, o Grupo Sudati, Suzano Papel e Celulose]...with a questionnaire on their action to prevent forced labour in their supply chains. Seven companies responded representing a response rate of 77% (the Resource Centre’s Global Response Rate is around 75%). These companies were chosen because they are large timber or beef companies with exports to the UK. Full responses are available in Portuguese here...About this project The University of Nottingham, BRICS Policy Centre, Business & Human Rights Resource Centre, Reporter Brasil and Core Coalition, with the support of the British Academy, have conducted research on the beef and timber supply chains in Brazil in 2018. Business & Human Rights Resource Centre was responsible for outreach to Brazilian companies in such supply chains, inviting them to respond to a questionnaire on due diligence and labour issues...

Download the full document here

Report
15 March 2019

Tackling slavery in supply chains:lessons from Brazilian-UK beef and timber

Author: Dr Caroline Emberson of the University of Nottingham's Rights Lab with contributions from Dr Silvia Pinheiro, PUC Rio and Marilyn Croser, CORE

“Tackling slavery in supply chains: lessons from Brazilian-UK beef and timber”, March 2019

“This guide is for supply chain managers and procurement professionals who wish to tackle slavery in the supply chains of the commodity products they source, especially beef and timber. It draws upon collaborative research led by the  University of Nottingham and the Pontifical Catholic  University of Rio de Janeiro (PUC Rio) with non-governmental organisations (NGOs) Reporter Brazil, Corporate Responsibility (CORE) and the Business and Human Rights Resource Centre (BHRRC). It presents case studies of emerging anti-slavery practices in the  Brazilian-UK supply chains of beef and timber…

[It refers to Boots, COOP, HSBC, Mondi plc and Premium Timber Products]

Read the full post here

Item
13 March 2019

Brazil: Questionnaire about Due Diligence Policies in Timber and Beef Companies

Author: Business & Human Rights Resource Centre

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Company response
13 March 2019

JBS response

Author: JBS (Brazil)

(Only available in Portuguese)

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Company response
13 March 2019

Klabin response

Author: Klabin (Brazil)

(Only available in Portuguese)

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Company response
13 March 2019

Minerva Foods response

Author: Minerva Foods (Brazil)

(Only available in Portuguese)

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Company response
13 March 2019

Suzano Papel e Celulose response

Author: Suzano Papel e Celulose (Brazil)

(Only available in Portuguese)

Download the full document here