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Welcome to the Resource Centre

We make it our mission to work with advocates in civil society, business and government to address inequalities of power, seek remedy for abuse, and ensure protection of people and planet.

Both companies and impacted communities thank us for the resources and support we provide.

This is only possible because of your support. Please make a donation today.

Thank you,
Phil Bloomer, Executive Director

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Alleged abuses

Below are examples of alleged abuses of children’s rights involving business between 2005 and 2014.  They are organised by region.  Further examples (and also positive steps that companies are taking) can be found in the “Issues” and the “Positive initiatives” sections of the portal.


International

"Working on the Right Shoes - Progress made in addressing child labour and other labour rights by 28 footwear companies since June 2012"
Stop Child Labour, 27 Nov 2013
Business & Human Rights Resource Centre invited companies criticised in the report to respond. Farida, Lotto Sports, Schoenenreus and Wolky responses provided. We will indicate whether Birkenstock, Marks & Spencer and UGG-Deckers respond here.

[PDF] Child Exploitation and the FIFA World Cup: A review of risks and protective interventions
School of Sport and Education, Brunel University London, Jul 2013

Children's Rights and the Other Kind of Drug Use
CRIN, 16 May 2012 - re the over-use of drugs to treat Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

World Day Against Child Labour 2011 – ILO calls for urgent action against hazardous forms of child labour
ILO, 10 Jun 2011

The unstoppable march of the tobacco giants: How the industry ruthlessly exploits the developing world – its young, poor and uneducated
Emily Dugan, Independent (UK), 29 May 2011

Passive smoking ‘kills 600,000’ worldwide
BBC, 26 Nov 2010
Study shows passive smoking is particularly dangerous for children, 165,000 children died of smoke-related respiratory infections in one year.

Human Health Effects of ‘E-Waste’ Focus of International Research Study
HealthNews, UC Academic Health Center, 18 Nov 2010
Pregnant women – and more specifically their growing foetuses – and young children said to be at increased risk for neurotoxicity.

How Your Cell Phone Secretly Recruits Child Soldiers
Amanda Kloer, Change.org, 17 Nov 2010

Craigslist is hub for child prostitution, allege trafficked women
Chris McGreal, Guardian (UK), 8 Aug 2010
Includes comments by the company.
     Blogpost with further details of Craigslist response
     Associated Press, 21 Dec 2010 

Climate change ‘could kill 400,000 children every year’
Louise Gray, Telegraph (UK), 30 Nov 2009

Lead poisoning predicted to rise in developing countries
Occupational Knowledge Intl., 17 Nov 2009
Lead poisoning impacts children’s mental & educational development.

Airlines turn modern day slavers
Marwaan Macan-Markar, Inter Press Service, 16 Feb 2009

Child specific drugs needed: Caritas
CathNews (Australia), 3 Dec 2008
Caritas International has issued a call to pharmaceutical companies to develop affordable drugs specifically for children with HIV/AIDS.

Breastfeeding: A weak formula for legislation – how loopholes in the law are putting babies at risk
Charlotte Faircloth for UNICEF UK, The National Childbirth Trust, Save the Children UK, Aug 2007
Report argues promotion of formula undermines breastfeeding, impacts health of children.

Stolen Innocence: Inside the Shady World of Child Sex Tourism
Brittaby Bacon, ABC News, 17 Jul 2007

Milking it [Bangladesh]
Joanna Moorehead, Guardian (UK), 15 May 2007
Follow-up 30 years after the launch of a campaign for a boycott of Nestlé over aggressive marketing of formula milk in developing world.
      Nestlé 'bypasses' baby milk code
      Joanna Moorehead, Guardian (UK), 15 May 2007
      Guardian investigation reveals Nestlé provides health workers with tear-off pads picturing their products.
      Nestlé babymilk webpage

The Deadly Trade of Child Organ Trafficking
Prakriiti Gupta, Asharq al-Awsat, 20 Jan 2007

Trafficking of children for use as camel jockeys
Anti-Slavery, May 2006

Arabian Sex Tourism [Taking place in India, other countries]
Daniel Pipes, FrontPageMagazine.com, 7 Oct 2005

 


Africa

[video] Nigeria gold rush is killing children
Mohammed Adow, Al Jazeera, 20 Jul 2012

Zimbabwe: Baby Raped to Enhance Business Venture
The Herald [Zimbabwe], 27 Feb 2012

Victoria's Secret Revealed in African Child Labor
Cam Simpson, Bloomberg, 15 Dec 2011

Mali: Artisanal mines produce gold with child labour
Human Rights Watch, 8 Dec 2011
Child labour prevalent in artisanal gold mines, chldren at risk of mercury poisoning - Human Rights Watch seeks company responses.

Grape Company Rejects Child Labour Allegations [Namibia]
Luqman Cloete, The Namibian, 10 Jan 2011

Uganda: Poor Education Blamed On Child Labour in Busoga
Donald Kiirya, New Vision (Uganda), 5 Oct 2010

New Evidence of Trafficking, Child, Forced Labor in Cocoa
Tim Newman, End Human Trafficking, 1 Oct 2010

Kenya: Union Protests Dismissal of Pregnant Women
Lucas Barasa, Daily Nation (Kenya), AllAfrica, 22 Sep 2010

Zimbabwe restarts diamond sales amid 'blood diamond' accusations
Arthur Bright, Christian Science Monitor, 12 Aug 2010
Human Rights Watch says local villagers, including children, are forced to mine diamonds at gunpoint.

Lead May Have Poisoned More Than 2,000 Nigerians, UN Group Says [Nigeria]
Kristine Aquino, Business Week, 8 Jul 2010
Gold mining in the area may be responsible for lead poisoning of adults and children, two-thirds of children required urgent treatment.

Mother sues bank over maternity leave [Uganda]
Sunrise (Uganda), 24 Jun 2010

Child labour still prevalent in Ghana
Afrol News, 13 Jun 2010

Demand for “conflict minerals” endangers Congo’s women and children
Shawna Templeton, World Vision US, Jun 2010

Bitter plight of the vanilla trade children [Madagascar]
Dan McDougall, Sunday Times (UK), 14 Mar 2010

Tobacco poison surrounds child workers [Malawi]
Dan McDougall, Sunday Times (UK), 15 Nov 2009

China in Africa: Young Workers, Deadly Mines
Simon Clark, Michael Smith, Franz Wild, Bloomberg, Sep 2008

Thousands of children work in African gold mines
Rukmini Callimachi & Bradley Klapper, Associated Press, 11 Aug 2008

Toxic ‘e-waste’ dumped in Africa harming children
Mike Pflanz, Telegraph (UK), 6 Aug 2008

Plight of African child slaves forced into mines – for our mobile phones
Charles Lavery, Sunday Mail (UK), 6 Jul 2008

[video] The boy who killed for diamonds [Sierra Leone]
Claudio von Planta, 25 Feb 2008

E-waste dumps threaten child health [Kenya]
ABC News, 12 Nov 2007

Rubber plantation workers strike over conditions, pay, child labour [Liberia]
IRIN, 10 Feb 2006
Includes allegation that wages are so low that children are forced to help their parents meet production quotas.
   Alien Tort Claims Act Lawsuit Alleges Slavery and Child Labor on Liberian Firestone Plantation
   William Baue, SocialFunds.com, 30 Dec 2005
   Summary profile of lawsuit against Firestone over alleged child labour in Liberia
   Business & Human Rights Resource Centre

Nestlé, Cargill, Archer Daniels Midland lawsuit (re alleged trafficking of children from Mali to work in Côte d’Ivoire cocoa fields)
Summary profile of lawsuit drafted by Business & Human Rights Resource Centre.

 


Americas

Tobacco’s Hidden Children: Hazardous Child Labor in United States Tobacco Farming [USA]
Human Rights Watch, 14 May 2014

Peru villagers allege neglect after toxic spill
Franklin Briceno, Bloomberg, 4 Sep 2012

UN: Guatemalan Children Still Facing Sexual Exploitation, Forced Labor
Hispanically Speaking News (USA), 3 Sep 2012

Peninsula Gaming penalized for child labor violations; pays back wages [USA]
Deb Nicklay, GlobeGazette.com, (USA), 15 Aug 2012

3 Wash. teenagers sue Backpage.com [USA]
Associated Press, 30 Jul 2012

'Games 2 U' owner molested child in company van [USA]
Click Orlando [USA], 3 Apr 2012

Feds: Young inmates abused at private Miss. prison [USA]
Holbrook Mohr, Associated Press, 21 Mar 2012

Builder, locked-up youths reach $17 million settlement in Pa. 'kids for cash' lawsuit [USA]
Associated Press, 16 Dec 2011
Developer settles lawsuit alleging innocent juveniles were locked up to occupy youth detention facilities built by his company.

Tour Company Accused of Brazilian Child Sex Traffic
Jacqueline J. Holness, Courthouse News Service, 15 Jun 2011

Pollution row hits mining firms supplying Olympic medals [USA]
Adam Sherwin, Independent (UK), 15 Apr 2011
Pollution from copper mine allegedly responsible for premature deaths, congenital deformities.
Business & Human Rights Resource Centre invited Rio Tinto to respond.
Rio Tinto’s response
27 Apr 2011

US: Lack of Paid Leave Harms Workers, Children
Human Rights Watch, 23 Feb 2011

Lorillard Tobacco Co. Gave Black Children Free Cigarettes, Jury Finds [USA]
Steve LeBlanc, Huffington Post, 14 Dec 2010

California mom sues McDonald's over Happy Meals [USA]
AFP, 16 Dec 2010

Argentina: Child Working at the Age of 7 Pays with His Health
Soledad Arréguez Manozzo, translated by Bernarda Porrati, 18 Nov 2010
Seven-year–old boy had been working with toxic substances at poultry farm.

US: Child Farmworkers’ Dangerous Lives
Human Rights Watch, 5 May 2010
   [PDF] Fields of Peril: Child Labor in US Agriculture
   Human Rights Watch, 5 May 2010
   [video] Take Action: End Child Labor in US Agriculture
   Human Rights Watch, 7 May 2010

El Salvador: Appalling Situation in the Export Processing Zones
International Trade Union Confederation, 10 Feb 2010
Report shows child labour remains a widespread problem in export processing zones.
  International Recognized Core Labour Standards in El Salvador: Report for the WTO General Council Review of the trade policies of El Salvador
  International Trade Union Confederation, 10 Feb 2010
  “Persistence of the worst forms of child labour is a source of serious concern”

US blueberry farms accused of using children as pickers
Stephen Foley, Independent (UK), 2 Nov 2009

Bitter lives of Bolivia's child workers.
Andres Schipani, BBC News, 11 Oct 2009
Child labour is illegal in Bolivia, but it is estimated that almost a third of the country's children and adolescents (320,000) work in extreme conditions; especially in mines, brazil nut plantations and sugar cane fields.

[video] Bolivia's Child Miners
Channel 4 (UK), 5 Jun 2010

Labour - Mexico: "They First Asked if I Was Pregnant"
Emilio Godoy, Inter Press Service, 5 Mar 2009
Includes response from Wal-Mart.

Should we have to choose between health and livelihood?
A. Chris Gajilan, CNN Medical Senior Producer, 15 Oct 2008
In the Peruvian town of La Oroya, by the Doe Run smelting complex, 99 percent of children have blood lead levels that exceed acceptable limits

Is GlaxoSmithKline behaving badly in Argentina? Parents allege pharmaceutical giant tricked them with experimental vaccine
GlaxoSmithKline denies allegations of ethical misconduct.
Aina Hunter, ABC News, 23 Sep 2008

Mexican farms employ kids illegally, U.N. says
Chris Hawley, USA Today, 11 May 2008

Pregnancy discrimination is on the rise [USA]
Eve Tahmincioglu, MSNBC (USA), 21 May 2007

Tourism fueling child sex in Mexico
Ioan Grillo, Houston Chronicle, 30 Dec 2005

 


Asia & Pacific

UN Committee on the Rights of the Child concerned about child trafficking & exploitation linked to casinos in Macau [China]
Macau Business Daily, 11 Oct 2013

Health Minister refers baby formula claims to health department [Australia]
Herald Sun (Australia), 21 Aug 2012

China Labor Watch report re alleged use of child labour in Samsung supplier factory
China Labor Watch, 6 Aug 2012
Business & Human Rights Resource Centre invited Samsung, HEG Electronics (Huizhou) Co., Ltd and Intertek, the auditor named, to respond.
See responses here

28 children working in restaurants rescued, owners booked [India]
Press Trust of India, 18 Jul 2012

Bonded (child) labour in the South Indian Garment Industry: An Update of Debate and Action on the ‘Sumangali Scheme’
SOMO (Centre for Research on Multinational Corporations) and ICN (India Committee of the Netherlands), Jul 2012
Business & Human Rights Resource Centre invited Diesel, Eastman, Inditex, Marks & Spencer, Mothercare, Quicksilver and Tesco to respond.
Diesel response
Eastman response
Inditex response
Marks & Spencer response
Mothercare response
Quicksilver response
Tesco response

India's tobacco girls
BBC News, 12 Jun 2012

Maid in India - Young Dalit Women Continue to Suffer Exploitative Conditions in India’s Garment Industry
SOMO, India Committee of the Netherlands, May 2012

'Delhi 'maid shops' are main sex offenders, say NGOs
Hakeem Irfan, India Today, 17 Apr 2012

Thai child sex tour organiser jailed for three years
TVNZ, New Zealand, 14 Feb 2012

In Focus: Thousands of kids risk lives in coal mines: Child-labor laws and safety problems are ignored [India]
Mark Magnier, Los Angeles Times, 18 May 2011

[video] Ruby trade hides Myanmar slavery
Al Jazeera, 10 Mar 2011
Video shows “virtual slavery” & child labour in Burma’s ruby industry.

27 children rescued from circus company [India]
Times of India, 30 Nov 2010

A murky business for young Philippine miners
Barbara Mae Dacanay, guldnews.com, 26 Nov 2010

SIA stewardesses have to quit if pregnant [Singapore]
New Paper (Singapore), 17 Sep 2010

Childhood in pits, says report on Indian mining
Aarti Dhar, Hindu (India), 25 Mar 2010
  [PDF] India’s Childhood in the "Pits": A Report on the Impacts of Mining on Children in India
  Dhaatri Resource Centre for Women and Children-Samata (India); HAQ: Centre for Child Rights (India); mines, minerals & PEOPLE (India), 1 Mar  2010

Supply chains in China
Economist, 4 Mar 2010
Internal report by Apple shows pregnancy discrimination at supplier factories, violating Apple’s standards. 

Poisoning children [Pakistan]
Dawn (Pakistan), 2 Mar 2010
Report reveals dangerous levels of contaminants in toys.

Four million children work, some for more than 40 hours a week [Indonesia]
Evi Mariani, Jakarta Post, 12 Feb 2010

Melamine discovered in new milk products
Wang Yan, China Daily, 25 Jan 2010
Chinese companies found selling milk products tainted with melamine, say they bought milk powder to use as raw material in their products.

India's generation of children crippled by uranium waste
Gethin Chamberlain, Guardian (UK), 30 Aug 2009

Bodies for hire; The outsourcing of clinical trials [India]
Sandhya Srinivasan, Himal (India), 1 Aug 2009

Child labour used in cosmetics industry [India]
Nicola Smith, Times (UK), 19 Jul 2009

Girls in gold-mining: “I don’t want my children to be like me” [Philippines]
Minette Rimando, International Labour Organization, 10 Jun 2009

Rights groups say child sex abuse rampant in tourism industry [Indonesia]
Monstersandcritics.com, 19 Mar 2009

The cursed children of Bhopal [India]
Andrew Buncombe, Independent (UK), 19 Nov 2008

The remains of the night [India]
Akshai Jain, Mint (India), 26 Nov 2009
At the Chingari Trust, a rehabilitation centre for children of gas victims born with congenital defects following the Bhopal disaster.

Bhopal: hundreds of new victims are born each year
Randeep Ramesh, Guardian (UK), 30 Apr 2008

A woman's dilemma [China]
Beijing Review, 13 Nov 2008
Employers reluctant to hire young women because they may later demand maternity leave, contracts prohibit pregnancy.

Drug trials in India under investigation after 49 babies die at leading hospital
Rhys Blakely, Times (UK), 20 Aug 2008

Child labor surges with building boom [Cambodia]
Cheang Sokha & Tracey Shelton, Phnom Penh Post, 16 May 2008

"Child Workers in Brick Factories: Causes and Consequences"
Dr. Poch Bunnak, Centre for Population Studies at Royal University of Phnom Penh, May 2008

Child labour in China
Chenyan Liu, CSR Asia, 30 Apr 2008

Chinese children sold “like cabbages” into slavery
Reuters, 29 Apr 2008
“Thousands of children in southwest China have been sold into slavery like ‘cabbages’, to work as labourers in more prosperous areas such as the booming southern province of Guangdong”.

A Desperate Search For Stolen Children [China]
Maureen Fan, Washington Post Foreign Service, 10 Mar 2008

Burma’s Gem Trade and Human Rights Abuses
Human Rights Watch, Jan 2008
Burma’s gem industry is dominated by the Burmese military, human rights abuses including child and forced labour are widespread.

Afghanistan: Child soldiers operating on several fronts
IRIN, 19 Dec 2007
Child soldiers found working for private security companies.

Child bondage continues in Indian cotton supply chain
India Committee of the Netherlands, 25 Sep 2007
Business & Human Rights Resource Centre invited Monsanto, Bayer, Nuziveedu, Raasi & Ankur to respond.
Monsanto and Bayer responded.
Nuziveedu, Raasi & Ankur declined to respond.

Caste discrimination persisting in U.P. [Uttar Pradesh] schools
Puja Awasthi, India Together, 17 Aug 2007

Migrant workers get insufficient maternity leave [China]
Xinhuanet (China), 2 Jan 2007

The price of sparkle is child slavery [India]
Dan McDougall, Observer (UK), 30 Apr 2006
Business & Human Rights Resource Centre invited Swarovski to respond.
Swarovksi response
30 Apr 2006

 


Europe & Central Asia

Cotton Campaign calls for stronger commitment from H&M to rid supply chain of Uzbek child & forced labour
Cotton Campaign, 1 Feb 2013
Business & Human Rights Resource Centre invited H&M, Daewoo Intl. and POSCO to respond. Responses provided.

Cotton produced through forced child labour– European companies held responsible [Uzbekistan]
European Center for Constitutional and Human Rights (ECCHR), 25 Oct 2010
  Slave Nation: State Sponsored Forced Child Labour in Uzbekistan's Cotton Fields
  Environmental Justice Foundation, Uzbek-German Forum for Human Rights, Anti-Slavery International, 22 Feb 2010

Romanian children found working in Worcestershire field [UK]
BBC, 24 Oct 2010

Test finds five in nine school aids on Czech market contain toxic phthalates
Jan Velinger, Radio Praha, 2 Sep 2010

Silk's dark side: Uzbek kids made to grow cocoons
Mansur Mirovalev, AP, 28 Aug 2010

Ukraine, the sex tourist mecca for European johns
Youngbee Kim, Examiner.com, 18 Aug 2010

Philip Morris is said to benefit from child labor [Kazakhstan]
Andrew Kramer, New York Times, 14 Jul 2010
The company said it would investigate and ensure better procedures.
  [PDF] “Hellish Work” - Exploitation of Migrant Tobacco Workers in Kazakhstan
  Human Rights Watch, July 2010
  Kazakhstan: Philip Morris International Overhauls Labor Protections
  Human Rights Watch, 10 May 2011

15 Kyrgyz child slave laborers freed from factory near Moscow
RIA Novosti, 28 Dec 2009

Schoolchildren forced to file statements of voluntary participation in cotton harvesting in Andijan [Uzbekistan]
Central Asian news service, 22 Sep 2009

Tajikistan: Cotton harvest relies heavily on child labour
EurasiaNet, 3 Nov 2009

Central Asia: Child Labor Alive And Thriving
Gulnoza Saidazimova, Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, 12 Jun 2008

You're fired [UK]
Kira Cochrane, Guardian (UK), 23 Apr 2008
Pregnancy discrimination still high in UK.

 


Middle East & North Africa

Save the Children [Egypt]
Hania Moheeb, Business Today (Egypt), 14 Mar 2012
Child rights' activists fear child labour milestones might not be safeguarded by the Islamist majority in Egypt's new Parliament.

Factories pollute the air in karbala [Iraq]
Abbas Sarhan, Niqash, 15 Jul 2010
Brick factories allegedly use child labour.

UAE camel racers defy ban on child jockeys
Simeon Kerr, Financial Times, 3 Mar 2010
Young boys used as camel jockeys, high risk of accidents.

Not Only in Tunnels, Not Only in Gaza
Hedva Isachar, Hagada Hasmalit (Israel), 25 Jul 2009
Report says half of the Palestinians working in tunnels in Gaza are youth and children.

Study: Pregnant workers first to be laid off during a recession [Israel]
Ruth Eglash, Jerusalem Post, 8 Mar 2009

Tougher action needed on child labour in Syria
Syria News Briefing, 23 Feb 2009

Working flat out - the child labour behind your Egyptian cotton sheets
Dan McDougall, Observer (UK) 08 Jun 2008

Lebanon's forgotten children
AFP, 5 Feb 2008
Thousands of children in Lebanon are child labourers.

Concluding Observations of the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women: Saudi Arabia
United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women, 1 Feb 2008
Participation of women in the workforce is low and paid maternity leave is only provided for in the public sector.

 


Español

EE UU: La ausencia de licencias remuneradas perjudica a trabajadores y niños
Human Rights Watch, 23 febrero 2011

"Me veo como mi madre en los setenta": Algunas jóvenes están obligadas a quedarse en casa al tener un hijo. Otras lo eligen [España]
Silvia Blanco, El País (España), 9 octubre 2010

El Salvador: terrible situación en la zonas francas de exportación
Confederación Sindical Internacional, 10 febrero 2010
El trabajo infantil sigue siendo un problema generalizado en la zonas francas de exportación.

Obligan a niños a trabajar entre moscas y guano [Argentina]
Rio Negro (Argentina), 26 agosto 2009

Problema mayor: más de 200 mil niños trabajan en el país [Argentina]
Rosario 3 (Argentina), 31 agosto 2008

Piden atención para los niños contaminados [Perú]
La República (Perú), 6 junio 2008

Denuncian que empresarios cruceños explotan a más de 8 mil niños en zafras [Bolivia]
ABI (Bolivia), 18 abril 2008

Pobreza y esclavitud infantil: Un mal social que persiste [Venezuela]
María Elena Ramírez, Nueva Prensa (Venezuela), 21 abril 2008

África: Conflictos y desplazamientos provocados por la explotación minera
War Resisters, 1 febrero 2008
La industria de extracción de diamantes financia la guerra en la República Democrática del Congo incluyendo el reclutamiento de niños soldado.

Explotan en México a 3,9 millones de niños
El Heraldo de Tabasco (México), 25 diciembre 2007

El trabajo infantil y el trabajo forzoso en Sierra Leona después del conflicto
Confederación Internacional de Organizaciones Sindicales Libres (CIOSL), 9 febrero 2005

 


Français

Intoxication au plomb 74 arrestation en Chine
AFP, 31 mai 2011

États-Unis : Le manque de congés payés porte atteinte aux droits des travailleurs et des enfants
Human Rights Watch, 23 Février 2011

Le chocolatier Barry Callebaut face au travail des enfants
Renat Kuenzi, swissinfo, 19 décembre 2010
La route est encore longue qui mène à l’abolition du travail des enfants, relève Jürgen Steinemann, patron de Barry Callebaut.

Inde : Scandale des enfants employés dans les mines du Meghalaya
Zenit, 10 juin 2010

"Diamants de guerre": vente autorisée [Zimbabwe]
AFP, 27 avril 2010
Un tribunal Zimbabwéen a autorisé la vente des diamants malgré des accusations contre les militaires d’avoir utilisé travail forcé, parfois d’enfants dans les mines.

Scandale du lait contaminé en Chine: 2 exécutions
AFP, 24 novembre 2009

En Chine, un millier d'enfants de Jiyuan victimes de plombémie
Emma Graham-Harrison, Lucy Hornby & Nicole Dupont, Reuters 13 octobre 2009

Des enfants ouvriers empoisonnés à la nicotine [Malawi]
RTL (Belgique), 24 août 2009 

Des enfants employés dans les mines de diamant au Kasaï Oriental
Pana (Agence de Presse Pan-Africaine), 19 juin 2008

[vidéo] Les congolais meurent-ils pour nos téléphones portables?
Questions à la une - Radio & Télévision Belges Francophones (RTBF), 27 février 2008
Tous les jours, des enfants meurent dans les mines d’Afrique afin que d’autres, en Occident, puissent communiquer partout avec leurs téléphones portables.

Afrique : conflits et déplacement de population dus à l’exploitation minière
War Resisters, 1 février 2008
Les conséquences des activités de l’industrie diamantaire dans la République démocratique du Congo en vue de financement de la guerre, incluent le recrutement d’enfants soldats.

Le prix de l'or Le travail des enfants dans les petites industries extractives
Organisation International du Travail, août 2005

Alleged abuses

Below are examples of alleged abuses of children’s rights involving business.  They are organised by region.  Further examples (and also positive steps that companies are taking) can be found in the “Issues” and the “Positive initiatives” sections of the portal.


International

"Working on the Right Shoes - Progress made in addressing child labour and other labour rights by 28 footwear companies since June 2012"
Stop Child Labour, 27 Nov 2013
Business & Human Rights Resource Centre invited companies criticised in the report to respond. Farida, Lotto Sports, Schoenenreus and Wolky responses provided. We will indicate whether Birkenstock, Marks & Spencer and UGG-Deckers respond here.

[PDF] Child Exploitation and the FIFA World Cup: A review of risks and protective interventions
School of Sport and Education, Brunel University London, Jul 2013

Children's Rights and the Other Kind of Drug Use
CRIN, 16 May 2012 - re the over-use of drugs to treat Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

World Day Against Child Labour 2011 – ILO calls for urgent action against hazardous forms of child labour
ILO, 10 Jun 2011

The unstoppable march of the tobacco giants: How the industry ruthlessly exploits the developing world – its young, poor and uneducated
Emily Dugan, Independent (UK), 29 May 2011

Passive smoking ‘kills 600,000’ worldwide
BBC, 26 Nov 2010
Study shows passive smoking is particularly dangerous for children, 165,000 children died of smoke-related respiratory infections in one year.

Human Health Effects of ‘E-Waste’ Focus of International Research Study
HealthNews, UC Academic Health Center, 18 Nov 2010
Pregnant women – and more specifically their growing foetuses – and young children said to be at increased risk for neurotoxicity.

How Your Cell Phone Secretly Recruits Child Soldiers
Amanda Kloer, Change.org, 17 Nov 2010

Craigslist is hub for child prostitution, allege trafficked women
Chris McGreal, Guardian (UK), 8 Aug 2010
Includes comments by the company.
     Blogpost with further details of Craigslist response
     Associated Press, 21 Dec 2010 

Climate change ‘could kill 400,000 children every year’
Louise Gray, Telegraph (UK), 30 Nov 2009

Lead poisoning predicted to rise in developing countries
Occupational Knowledge Intl., 17 Nov 2009
Lead poisoning impacts children’s mental & educational development.

Airlines turn modern day slavers
Marwaan Macan-Markar, Inter Press Service, 16 Feb 2009

Child specific drugs needed: Caritas
CathNews (Australia), 3 Dec 2008
Caritas International has issued a call to pharmaceutical companies to develop affordable drugs specifically for children with HIV/AIDS.

Breastfeeding: A weak formula for legislation – how loopholes in the law are putting babies at risk
Charlotte Faircloth for UNICEF UK, The National Childbirth Trust, Save the Children UK, Aug 2007
Report argues promotion of formula undermines breastfeeding, impacts health of children.

Stolen Innocence: Inside the Shady World of Child Sex Tourism
Brittaby Bacon, ABC News, 17 Jul 2007

Milking it [Bangladesh]
Joanna Moorehead, Guardian (UK), 15 May 2007
Follow-up 30 years after the launch of a campaign for a boycott of Nestlé over aggressive marketing of formula milk in developing world.
      Nestlé 'bypasses' baby milk code
      Joanna Moorehead, Guardian (UK), 15 May 2007
      Guardian investigation reveals Nestlé provides health workers with tear-off pads picturing their products.
      Nestlé babymilk webpage

The Deadly Trade of Child Organ Trafficking
Prakriiti Gupta, Asharq al-Awsat, 20 Jan 2007

Trafficking of children for use as camel jockeys
Anti-Slavery, May 2006

Arabian Sex Tourism [Taking place in India, other countries]
Daniel Pipes, FrontPageMagazine.com, 7 Oct 2005


Africa

[video] Nigeria gold rush is killing children
Mohammed Adow, Al Jazeera, 20 Jul 2012

Zimbabwe: Baby Raped to Enhance Business Venture
The Herald [Zimbabwe], 27 Feb 2012

Victoria's Secret Revealed in African Child Labor
Cam Simpson, Bloomberg, 15 Dec 2011

Mali: Artisanal mines produce gold with child labour
Human Rights Watch, 8 Dec 2011
Child labour prevalent in artisanal gold mines, chldren at risk of mercury poisoning - Human Rights Watch seeks company responses.

Grape Company Rejects Child Labour Allegations [Namibia]
Luqman Cloete, The Namibian, 10 Jan 2011

Uganda: Poor Education Blamed On Child Labour in Busoga
Donald Kiirya, New Vision (Uganda), 5 Oct 2010

New Evidence of Trafficking, Child, Forced Labor in Cocoa
Tim Newman, End Human Trafficking, 1 Oct 2010

Kenya: Union Protests Dismissal of Pregnant Women
Lucas Barasa, Daily Nation (Kenya), AllAfrica, 22 Sep 2010

Zimbabwe restarts diamond sales amid 'blood diamond' accusations
Arthur Bright, Christian Science Monitor, 12 Aug 2010
Human Rights Watch says local villagers, including children, are forced to mine diamonds at gunpoint.

Lead May Have Poisoned More Than 2,000 Nigerians, UN Group Says [Nigeria]
Kristine Aquino, Business Week, 8 Jul 2010
Gold mining in the area may be responsible for lead poisoning of adults and children, two-thirds of children required urgent treatment.

Mother sues bank over maternity leave [Uganda]
Sunrise (Uganda), 24 Jun 2010

Child labour still prevalent in Ghana
Afrol News, 13 Jun 2010

Demand for “conflict minerals” endangers Congo’s women and children
Shawna Templeton, World Vision US, Jun 2010

Bitter plight of the vanilla trade children [Madagascar]
Dan McDougall, Sunday Times (UK), 14 Mar 2010

Tobacco poison surrounds child workers [Malawi]
Dan McDougall, Sunday Times (UK), 15 Nov 2009

China in Africa: Young Workers, Deadly Mines
Simon Clark, Michael Smith, Franz Wild, Bloomberg, Sep 2008

Thousands of children work in African gold mines
Rukmini Callimachi & Bradley Klapper, Associated Press, 11 Aug 2008

Toxic ‘e-waste’ dumped in Africa harming children
Mike Pflanz, Telegraph (UK), 6 Aug 2008

Plight of African child slaves forced into mines – for our mobile phones
Charles Lavery, Sunday Mail (UK), 6 Jul 2008

[video] The boy who killed for diamonds [Sierra Leone]
Claudio von Planta, 25 Feb 2008

E-waste dumps threaten child health [Kenya]
ABC News, 12 Nov 2007

Rubber plantation workers strike over conditions, pay, child labour [Liberia]
IRIN, 10 Feb 2006
Includes allegation that wages are so low that children are forced to help their parents meet production quotas.
   Alien Tort Claims Act Lawsuit Alleges Slavery and Child Labor on Liberian Firestone Plantation
   William Baue, SocialFunds.com, 30 Dec 2005
   Summary profile of lawsuit against Firestone over alleged child labour in Liberia
   Business & Human Rights Resource Centre

Nestlé, Cargill, Archer Daniels Midland lawsuit (re alleged trafficking of children from Mali to work in Côte d’Ivoire cocoa fields)
Summary profile of lawsuit drafted by Business & Human Rights Resource Centre.


Americas

Tobacco’s Hidden Children: Hazardous Child Labor in United States Tobacco Farming [USA]
Human Rights Watch, 14 May 2014

Peru villagers allege neglect after toxic spill
Franklin Briceno, Bloomberg, 4 Sep 2012

UN: Guatemalan Children Still Facing Sexual Exploitation, Forced Labor
Hispanically Speaking News (USA), 3 Sep 2012

Peninsula Gaming penalized for child labor violations; pays back wages [USA]
Deb Nicklay, GlobeGazette.com, (USA), 15 Aug 2012

3 Wash. teenagers sue Backpage.com [USA]
Associated Press, 30 Jul 2012

'Games 2 U' owner molested child in company van [USA]
Click Orlando [USA], 3 Apr 2012

Feds: Young inmates abused at private Miss. prison [USA]
Holbrook Mohr, Associated Press, 21 Mar 2012

Builder, locked-up youths reach $17 million settlement in Pa. 'kids for cash' lawsuit [USA]
Associated Press, 16 Dec 2011
Developer settles lawsuit alleging innocent juveniles were locked up to occupy youth detention facilities built by his company.

Tour Company Accused of Brazilian Child Sex Traffic
Jacqueline J. Holness, Courthouse News Service, 15 Jun 2011

Pollution row hits mining firms supplying Olympic medals [USA]
Adam Sherwin, Independent (UK), 15 Apr 2011
Pollution from copper mine allegedly responsible for premature deaths, congenital deformities.
Business & Human Rights Resource Centre invited Rio Tinto to respond.
Rio Tinto’s response
27 Apr 2011

US: Lack of Paid Leave Harms Workers, Children
Human Rights Watch, 23 Feb 2011

Lorillard Tobacco Co. Gave Black Children Free Cigarettes, Jury Finds [USA]
Steve LeBlanc, Huffington Post, 14 Dec 2010

California mom sues McDonald's over Happy Meals [USA]
AFP, 16 Dec 2010

Argentina: Child Working at the Age of 7 Pays with His Health
Soledad Arréguez Manozzo, translated by Bernarda Porrati, 18 Nov 2010
Seven-year–old boy had been working with toxic substances at poultry farm.

US: Child Farmworkers’ Dangerous Lives
Human Rights Watch, 5 May 2010
   [PDF] Fields of Peril: Child Labor in US Agriculture
   Human Rights Watch, 5 May 2010
   [video] Take Action: End Child Labor in US Agriculture
   Human Rights Watch, 7 May 2010

El Salvador: Appalling Situation in the Export Processing Zones
International Trade Union Confederation, 10 Feb 2010
Report shows child labour remains a widespread problem in export processing zones.
  International Recognized Core Labour Standards in El Salvador: Report for the WTO General Council Review of the trade policies of El Salvador
  International Trade Union Confederation, 10 Feb 2010
  “Persistence of the worst forms of child labour is a source of serious concern”

US blueberry farms accused of using children as pickers
Stephen Foley, Independent (UK), 2 Nov 2009

Bitter lives of Bolivia's child workers.
Andres Schipani, BBC News, 11 Oct 2009
Child labour is illegal in Bolivia, but it is estimated that almost a third of the country's children and adolescents (320,000) work in extreme conditions; especially in mines, brazil nut plantations and sugar cane fields.

[video] Bolivia's Child Miners
Channel 4 (UK), 5 Jun 2010

Labour - Mexico: "They First Asked if I Was Pregnant"
Emilio Godoy, Inter Press Service, 5 Mar 2009
Includes response from Wal-Mart.

Should we have to choose between health and livelihood?
A. Chris Gajilan, CNN Medical Senior Producer, 15 Oct 2008
In the Peruvian town of La Oroya, by the Doe Run smelting complex, 99 percent of children have blood lead levels that exceed acceptable limits

Is GlaxoSmithKline behaving badly in Argentina? Parents allege pharmaceutical giant tricked them with experimental vaccine
GlaxoSmithKline denies allegations of ethical misconduct.
Aina Hunter, ABC News, 23 Sep 2008

Mexican farms employ kids illegally, U.N. says
Chris Hawley, USA Today, 11 May 2008

Pregnancy discrimination is on the rise [USA]
Eve Tahmincioglu, MSNBC (USA), 21 May 2007

Tourism fueling child sex in Mexico
Ioan Grillo, Houston Chronicle, 30 Dec 2005


Asia & Pacific

UN Committee on the Rights of the Child concerned about child trafficking & exploitation linked to casinos in Macau [China]
Macau Business Daily, 11 Oct 2013

Health Minister refers baby formula claims to health department [Australia]
Herald Sun (Australia), 21 Aug 2012

China Labor Watch report re alleged use of child labour in Samsung supplier factory
China Labor Watch, 6 Aug 2012
Business & Human Rights Resource Centre invited Samsung, HEG Electronics (Huizhou) Co., Ltd and Intertek, the auditor named, to respond.
See responses here

28 children working in restaurants rescued, owners booked [India]
Press Trust of India, 18 Jul 2012

Bonded (child) labour in the South Indian Garment Industry: An Update of Debate and Action on the ‘Sumangali Scheme’
SOMO (Centre for Research on Multinational Corporations) and ICN (India Committee of the Netherlands), Jul 2012
Business & Human Rights Resource Centre invited Diesel, Eastman, Inditex, Marks & Spencer, Mothercare, Quicksilver and Tesco to respond.
Diesel response
Eastman response
Inditex response
Marks & Spencer response
Mothercare response
Quicksilver response
Tesco response

India's tobacco girls
BBC News, 12 Jun 2012

Maid in India - Young Dalit Women Continue to Suffer Exploitative Conditions in India’s Garment Industry
SOMO, India Committee of the Netherlands, May 2012

'Delhi 'maid shops' are main sex offenders, say NGOs
Hakeem Irfan, India Today, 17 Apr 2012

Thai child sex tour organiser jailed for three years
TVNZ, New Zealand, 14 Feb 2012

In Focus: Thousands of kids risk lives in coal mines: Child-labor laws and safety problems are ignored [India]
Mark Magnier, Los Angeles Times, 18 May 2011

[video] Ruby trade hides Myanmar slavery
Al Jazeera, 10 Mar 2011
Video shows “virtual slavery” & child labour in Burma’s ruby industry.

27 children rescued from circus company [India]
Times of India, 30 Nov 2010

A murky business for young Philippine miners
Barbara Mae Dacanay, guldnews.com, 26 Nov 2010

SIA stewardesses have to quit if pregnant [Singapore]
New Paper (Singapore), 17 Sep 2010

Childhood in pits, says report on Indian mining
Aarti Dhar, Hindu (India), 25 Mar 2010
  [PDF] India’s Childhood in the "Pits": A Report on the Impacts of Mining on Children in India
  Dhaatri Resource Centre for Women and Children-Samata (India); HAQ: Centre for Child Rights (India); mines, minerals & PEOPLE (India), 1 Mar  2010

Supply chains in China
Economist, 4 Mar 2010
Internal report by Apple shows pregnancy discrimination at supplier factories, violating Apple’s standards. 

Poisoning children [Pakistan]
Dawn (Pakistan), 2 Mar 2010
Report reveals dangerous levels of contaminants in toys.

Four million children work, some for more than 40 hours a week [Indonesia]
Evi Mariani, Jakarta Post, 12 Feb 2010

Melamine discovered in new milk products
Wang Yan, China Daily, 25 Jan 2010
Chinese companies found selling milk products tainted with melamine, say they bought milk powder to use as raw material in their products.

India's generation of children crippled by uranium waste
Gethin Chamberlain, Guardian (UK), 30 Aug 2009

Bodies for hire; The outsourcing of clinical trials [India]
Sandhya Srinivasan, Himal (India), 1 Aug 2009

Child labour used in cosmetics industry [India]
Nicola Smith, Times (UK), 19 Jul 2009

Girls in gold-mining: “I don’t want my children to be like me” [Philippines]
Minette Rimando, International Labour Organization, 10 Jun 2009

Rights groups say child sex abuse rampant in tourism industry [Indonesia]
Monstersandcritics.com, 19 Mar 2009

The cursed children of Bhopal [India]
Andrew Buncombe, Independent (UK), 19 Nov 2008

The remains of the night [India]
Akshai Jain, Mint (India), 26 Nov 2009
At the Chingari Trust, a rehabilitation centre for children of gas victims born with congenital defects following the Bhopal disaster.

Bhopal: hundreds of new victims are born each year
Randeep Ramesh, Guardian (UK), 30 Apr 2008

A woman's dilemma [China]
Beijing Review, 13 Nov 2008
Employers reluctant to hire young women because they may later demand maternity leave, contracts prohibit pregnancy.

Drug trials in India under investigation after 49 babies die at leading hospital
Rhys Blakely, Times (UK), 20 Aug 2008

Child labor surges with building boom [Cambodia]
Cheang Sokha & Tracey Shelton, Phnom Penh Post, 16 May 2008

"Child Workers in Brick Factories: Causes and Consequences"
Dr. Poch Bunnak, Centre for Population Studies at Royal University of Phnom Penh, May 2008

Child labour in China
Chenyan Liu, CSR Asia, 30 Apr 2008

Chinese children sold “like cabbages” into slavery
Reuters, 29 Apr 2008
“Thousands of children in southwest China have been sold into slavery like ‘cabbages’, to work as labourers in more prosperous areas such as the booming southern province of Guangdong”.

A Desperate Search For Stolen Children [China]
Maureen Fan, Washington Post Foreign Service, 10 Mar 2008

Burma’s Gem Trade and Human Rights Abuses
Human Rights Watch, Jan 2008
Burma’s gem industry is dominated by the Burmese military, human rights abuses including child and forced labour are widespread.

Afghanistan: Child soldiers operating on several fronts
IRIN, 19 Dec 2007
Child soldiers found working for private security companies.

Child bondage continues in Indian cotton supply chain
India Committee of the Netherlands, 25 Sep 2007
Business & Human Rights Resource Centre invited Monsanto, Bayer, Nuziveedu, Raasi & Ankur to respond.
Monsanto and Bayer responded.
Nuziveedu, Raasi & Ankur declined to respond.

Caste discrimination persisting in U.P. [Uttar Pradesh] schools
Puja Awasthi, India Together, 17 Aug 2007

Migrant workers get insufficient maternity leave [China]
Xinhuanet (China), 2 Jan 2007

The price of sparkle is child slavery [India]
Dan McDougall, Observer (UK), 30 Apr 2006
Business & Human Rights Resource Centre invited Swarovski to respond.
Swarovksi response
30 Apr 2006


Europe & Central Asia

Cotton Campaign calls for stronger commitment from H&M to rid supply chain of Uzbek child & forced labour
Cotton Campaign, 1 Feb 2013
Business & Human Rights Resource Centre invited H&M, Daewoo Intl. and POSCO to respond. Responses provided.

Cotton produced through forced child labour– European companies held responsible [Uzbekistan]
European Center for Constitutional and Human Rights (ECCHR), 25 Oct 2010
  Slave Nation: State Sponsored Forced Child Labour in Uzbekistan's Cotton Fields
  Environmental Justice Foundation, Uzbek-German Forum for Human Rights, Anti-Slavery International, 22 Feb 2010

Romanian children found working in Worcestershire field [UK]
BBC, 24 Oct 2010

Test finds five in nine school aids on Czech market contain toxic phthalates
Jan Velinger, Radio Praha, 2 Sep 2010

Silk's dark side: Uzbek kids made to grow cocoons
Mansur Mirovalev, AP, 28 Aug 2010

Ukraine, the sex tourist mecca for European johns
Youngbee Kim, Examiner.com, 18 Aug 2010

Philip Morris is said to benefit from child labor [Kazakhstan]
Andrew Kramer, New York Times, 14 Jul 2010
The company said it would investigate and ensure better procedures.
  [PDF] “Hellish Work” - Exploitation of Migrant Tobacco Workers in Kazakhstan
  Human Rights Watch, July 2010
  Kazakhstan: Philip Morris International Overhauls Labor Protections
  Human Rights Watch, 10 May 2011

15 Kyrgyz child slave laborers freed from factory near Moscow
RIA Novosti, 28 Dec 2009

Schoolchildren forced to file statements of voluntary participation in cotton harvesting in Andijan [Uzbekistan]
Central Asian news service, 22 Sep 2009

Tajikistan: Cotton harvest relies heavily on child labour
EurasiaNet, 3 Nov 2009

Central Asia: Child Labor Alive And Thriving
Gulnoza Saidazimova, Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, 12 Jun 2008

You're fired [UK]
Kira Cochrane, Guardian (UK), 23 Apr 2008
Pregnancy discrimination still high in UK.


Middle East & North Africa

Save the Children [Egypt]
Hania Moheeb, Business Today (Egypt), 14 Mar 2012
Child rights' activists fear child labour milestones might not be safeguarded by the Islamist majority in Egypt's new Parliament.

Factories pollute the air in karbala [Iraq]
Abbas Sarhan, Niqash, 15 Jul 2010
Brick factories allegedly use child labour.

UAE camel racers defy ban on child jockeys
Simeon Kerr, Financial Times, 3 Mar 2010
Young boys used as camel jockeys, high risk of accidents.

Not Only in Tunnels, Not Only in Gaza
Hedva Isachar, Hagada Hasmalit (Israel), 25 Jul 2009
Report says half of the Palestinians working in tunnels in Gaza are youth and children.

Study: Pregnant workers first to be laid off during a recession [Israel]
Ruth Eglash, Jerusalem Post, 8 Mar 2009

Tougher action needed on child labour in Syria
Syria News Briefing, 23 Feb 2009

Working flat out - the child labour behind your Egyptian cotton sheets
Dan McDougall, Observer (UK) 08 Jun 2008

Lebanon's forgotten children
AFP, 5 Feb 2008
Thousands of children in Lebanon are child labourers.

Concluding Observations of the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women: Saudi Arabia
United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women, 1 Feb 2008
Participation of women in the workforce is low and paid maternity leave is only provided for in the public sector.


Español

EE UU: La ausencia de licencias remuneradas perjudica a trabajadores y niños
Human Rights Watch, 23 febrero 2011

"Me veo como mi madre en los setenta": Algunas jóvenes están obligadas a quedarse en casa al tener un hijo. Otras lo eligen [España]
Silvia Blanco, El País (España), 9 octubre 2010

El Salvador: terrible situación en la zonas francas de exportación
Confederación Sindical Internacional, 10 febrero 2010
El trabajo infantil sigue siendo un problema generalizado en la zonas francas de exportación.

Obligan a niños a trabajar entre moscas y guano [Argentina]
Rio Negro (Argentina), 26 agosto 2009

Problema mayor: más de 200 mil niños trabajan en el país [Argentina]
Rosario 3 (Argentina), 31 agosto 2008

Piden atención para los niños contaminados [Perú]
La República (Perú), 6 junio 2008

Denuncian que empresarios cruceños explotan a más de 8 mil niños en zafras [Bolivia]
ABI (Bolivia), 18 abril 2008

Pobreza y esclavitud infantil: Un mal social que persiste [Venezuela]
María Elena Ramírez, Nueva Prensa (Venezuela), 21 abril 2008

África: Conflictos y desplazamientos provocados por la explotación minera
War Resisters, 1 febrero 2008
La industria de extracción de diamantes financia la guerra en la República Democrática del Congo incluyendo el reclutamiento de niños soldado.

Explotan en México a 3,9 millones de niños
El Heraldo de Tabasco (México), 25 diciembre 2007

El trabajo infantil y el trabajo forzoso en Sierra Leona después del conflicto
Confederación Internacional de Organizaciones Sindicales Libres (CIOSL), 9 febrero 2005


Français

Intoxication au plomb 74 arrestation en Chine
AFP, 31 mai 2011

États-Unis : Le manque de congés payés porte atteinte aux droits des travailleurs et des enfants
Human Rights Watch, 23 Février 2011

Le chocolatier Barry Callebaut face au travail des enfants
Renat Kuenzi, swissinfo, 19 décembre 2010
La route est encore longue qui mène à l’abolition du travail des enfants, relève Jürgen Steinemann, patron de Barry Callebaut.

Inde : Scandale des enfants employés dans les mines du Meghalaya
Zenit, 10 juin 2010

"Diamants de guerre": vente autorisée [Zimbabwe]
AFP, 27 avril 2010
Un tribunal Zimbabwéen a autorisé la vente des diamants malgré des accusations contre les militaires d’avoir utilisé travail forcé, parfois d’enfants dans les mines.

Scandale du lait contaminé en Chine: 2 exécutions
AFP, 24 novembre 2009

En Chine, un millier d'enfants de Jiyuan victimes de plombémie
Emma Graham-Harrison, Lucy Hornby & Nicole Dupont, Reuters 13 octobre 2009

Des enfants ouvriers empoisonnés à la nicotine [Malawi]
RTL (Belgique), 24 août 2009 

Des enfants employés dans les mines de diamant au Kasaï Oriental
Pana (Agence de Presse Pan-Africaine), 19 juin 2008

[vidéo] Les congolais meurent-ils pour nos téléphones portables?
Questions à la une - Radio & Télévision Belges Francophones (RTBF), 27 février 2008
Tous les jours, des enfants meurent dans les mines d’Afrique afin que d’autres, en Occident, puissent communiquer partout avec leurs téléphones portables.

Afrique : conflits et déplacement de population dus à l’exploitation minière
War Resisters, 1 février 2008
Les conséquences des activités de l’industrie diamantaire dans la République démocratique du Congo en vue de financement de la guerre, incluent le recrutement d’enfants soldats.

Le prix de l'or Le travail des enfants dans les petites industries extractives
Organisation International du Travail, août 2005

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