Case examples

 


International

"Sustainability Focus: Child Labour Due Diligence in Labour Intensive Industries"
Vigeo, Jan 2014

"Working on the Right Shoes - Progress made in addressing child labour and other labour rights by 28 footwear companies since June 2012"
Stop Child Labour, 27 Nov 2013
Business & Human Rights Resource Centre invited companies criticised in the report to respond. Farida, Lotto Sports, Schoenenreus and Wolky responses provided. We will indicate whether Birkenstock, Marks & Spencer and UGG-Deckers respond here.

South America leads battle against child labour but Russia and China lagging – Maplecroft Child Labour Index 2014
Maplecroft, 15 Oct 2013

[PDF] Child Exploitation and the FIFA World Cup: A review of risks and protective interventions
School of Sport and Education, Brunel University London, Jul 2013

World Report on Child Labour: Economic vulnerability, social protection and the fight against child labour
International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour (IPEC), 29 Apr 2013

Conflict and economic downturn cause global increase in reported child labour violations – 40% of countries now rated ‘extreme risk’
Maplecroft, 5 Jan 2012

A first–Vuitton works with PH group for needy kids
Alex Y. Vergara, Philippine Daily Inquirer 29 Jun 2011
Louis Vuitton donates funds won in counterfeit lawsuits to SOS Children's Villages in a five-year partnership to fight child labour

Walt Disney, Ericsson Among Companies With Top Marks for Child Labour Risk Disclosure
Norwegian Govt. Pension Fund, 10 Jun 2011

[US] Department of Labor Issues Reports on International Child Labor and Forced Labor
United States Department of Labor, 15 Dec 2010

UNICEF calls on governments, donors and the private sector to end child labour
UNICEF, 12 Jun 2010

The Hague Global Child Labour Conference - 10-11 May 2010
ILO, May 2010

As efforts to end child labour slow, ILO calls for “re-energized” global action
ILO, 7 May 2010
- full report: “Accelerating action against child labour: Global report under the follow-up to the ILO Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work”
 ILO, 7 May 2010

Child labour: trends, challenges and policy responses: joining forces against child labour
Understanding Children’s Work (UCW project), May 2010

A little goes a long way: microfinance and decent work
Alastair Usher, Ergon, January 2009
“[M]icrofinance often plays an important role in many labour rights promotion programmes, particularly those aimed at addressing and eradicating forced labour and child labour”.

Defining child labour: A review of the definitions of child labour in policy research
Eric V. Edmonds, ILO, Nov 2008

Child labour, education and health: A review of the literature
Peter Dorman, ILO, Nov 2008

Sector Compliance with NBIM Investor Expectation on Children’s Rights
Norges Bank Investment Management, Nov 2008

‘Out of work and into school’ Action Plan for Companies to Combat Child labour
Stop Child Labour - School is the best place to work, Feb 2008

The worldwide movement against child labour: Progress and future directions
Alec Fyfe, ILO, 2007

The end of child labour: Within reach: Global Report under the follow-up to the ILO Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work
International Labour Conference, 2006


Africa

Children reveal horror of working in mines, in new report [Dem. Rep. of Congo]
World Vision 22 May 2013

Stakeholder Consultation on Addressing Child Labor in Nestlé’s Cocoa Supply Chain
Fair Labor Association 17 Jan 2013

Nestle 'failing' on child labour abuse, says FLA [Fair Labor Association] report [Côte d’Ivoire]
Humphrey Hawksley, BBC, 29 Jun 2012

Victoria's Secret Revealed in African Child Labor
Cam Simpson, Bloomberg, 15 Dec 2011

Mali: Artisanal mines produce gold with child labour
Human Rights Watch, 8 Dec 2011
Child labour prevalent in artisanal gold mines, chldren at risk of mercury poisoning - Human Rights Watch seeks company responses.

Nestle 'to act over child labour in cocoa industry' [Côte d’Ivoire]
BBC, 28 Nov 2011

Namibia: Child Labour Prevalent
Nico Smit, Namibian, 12 May 2011

Zimbabwe’s lost generation: Child labour on the rise
Shinghai Jena, Standard (Zimbabwe), 20 Mar 2011

Grape Company Rejects Child Labour Allegations [Namibia]
Luqman Cloete, The Namibian, 10 Jan 2011

Farmers launch child labour programme [Ghana]
Kofi Adu Domfeh, Myjoyonline, 16 Nov 2010

Zimbabwe restarts diamond sales amid 'blood diamond' accusations
Arthur Bright, Christian Science Monitor, 12 Aug 2010
Human Rights Watch says local villagers, including children, are forced to mine diamonds at gunpoint.

Child labour still prevalent in Ghana
Afrol News, 13 Jun 2010

US$ 5m project to fight child labour launched [Rwanda]
Bosco R. Asiimwe, New Times (Rwanda), 21 Feb 2010

Clear reduction in hazardous child labour on cocoa farms in Ghana and Ivory Coast
International Cocoa Initiative, 7 Dec 2009

Tobacco poison surrounds child workers [Malawi]
Dan McDougall, Sunday Times (UK), 15 Nov 2009

COCOBOD adopts strategies to improve labour practices [Ghana]
Home Page Ghana, 12 Nov 2008
Ghana Cocoa Board launches campaign to raise awareness of labour issues including child labour.

China in Africa: Young Workers, Deadly Mines
Simon Clark, Michael Smith, Franz Wild, Bloomberg, Sep 2008

Thousands of children work in African gold mines
Rukmini Callimachi & Bradley Klapper, Associated Press, 11 Aug 2008


Americas

Tobacco’s Hidden Children: Hazardous Child Labor in United States Tobacco Farming [USA]
Human Rights Watch, 14 May 2014

Stopping child labor: There's an app for that [Colombia]
Sibylla Brodzinsky, Christian Science Monitor (USA), 19 Jan 2013

UN: Guatemalan Children Still Facing Sexual Exploitation, Forced Labor
Hispanically Speaking News (USA), 3 Sep 2012

Immigration waivers leave migrant children behind [USA]
Grace Meng, Human Rights Watch, 29 Aug 2012

Labor Department Clashes with Farm Groups over Child Labor Laws [USA]
Noel Brinkerhoff & David Wallechinsky, AllGov (USA), 14 Dec 2011

Child labour horror - 16,000 being forced to work in Jamaica
Donna Hussey-Whyte, Jamaica Observer

Child Labor Free Certification initiative website
US bill providing for a voluntary certification scheme verifying that agricultural products imported or sold in the USA are produced without forced and child labour.

Argentina: Child Working at the Age of 7 Pays with His Health
Soledad Arréguez Manozzo, translated by Bernarda Porrati, 18 Nov 2010
Seven-year–old boy had been working with toxic substances at poultry farm.

[video] Bolivia's Child Miners
Channel 4 (UK), 5 Jun 2010

US: Child Farmworkers’ Dangerous Lives
Human Rights Watch, 5 May 2010
- [PDF] Fields of Peril: Child Labor in US Agriculture
Human Rights Watch, 5 May 2010
- [video] Take Action: End Child Labor in US Agriculture
Human Rights Watch, 7 May 2010

El Salvador: Appalling Situation in the Export Processing Zones
International Trade Union Confederation, 10 Feb 2010
Report shows child labour remains a widespread problem in export processing zones.
- International Recognized Core Labour Standards in El Salvador: Report for the WTO General Council Review of the trade policies of El Salvador
  International Trade Union Confederation, 10 Feb 2010
  “Persistence of the worst forms of child labour is a source of serious concern”

US blueberry farms accused of using children as pickers
Stephen Foley, Independent (UK), 2 Nov 2009

Bitter lives of Bolivia's child workers.
Andres Schipani, BBC News, 11 Oct 2009
Child labour is illegal in Bolivia, but it is estimated that almost a third of the country's children and adolescents (320,000) work in extreme conditions; especially in mines, brazil nut plantations and sugar cane fields.

Company fined over child-labor violations [USA]
Lois M. Collins, Deseret News, 30 Sep 2009

Colombia: Colombian emeralds free of child labour
International Organization for Migration (IOM), 7 Aug 2009
IOM in Colombia has joined forces with Fedesmeraldas, the ICBF (Instituto Colombiano de Bienestar Familiar) and USAID in a new project aimed at ending child labour in the emerald mines.

Mexican farms employ kids illegally, U.N. says
Chris Hawley, USA Today, 11 May 2008


Asia & Pacific

"From Factories to Teashops, Child Labor a ‘Tradition’ in Burma Nyein Nyein"
Irrawaddy (Myanmar), 14 Jun 2013

"Businesses cannot sit on hands while children go hungry, uneducated, abused and neglected," says former head of TelstraClear telecommunication company [New Zealand]
Allan Freeth, former head of TelstraClear, in New Zealand Herald, 6 Mar 2013

China Labor Watch report re alleged use of child labour in Samsung supplier factory
China Labor Watch, 6 Aug 2012
Business & Human Rights Resource Centre invited Samsung, HEG Electronics (Huizhou) Co., Ltd and Intertek, the auditor named, to respond.
See responses here

Sweatshop slumdogs, 13, sold for £11 a month, are rescued after being forced to cover up murder of 11-year-old friend beaten to death by another child worker [India]
Julian Gavaghan, Daily Mail (UK), 14 Aug 2012

Bonded (child) labour in the South Indian Garment Industry: An Update of Debate and Action on the ‘Sumangali Scheme
’SOMO (Centre for Research on Multinational Corporations) and ICN (India Committee of the Netherlands), Jul 2012
Business & Human Rights Resource Centre invited Diesel, Eastman, Inditex, Marks & Spencer, Mothercare, Quicksilver and Tesco to respond.
Diesel response

Eastman response
Inditex response
Marks & Spencer response
Mothercare response
Quicksilver response
Tesco response

India's tobacco girls
BBC News, 12 Jun 2012

Maid in India - Young Dalit Women Continue to Suffer Exploitative Conditions in India’s Garment Industry (India)
SOMO, India Committee of the Netherlands, May 2012

45% fewer children exploited as workers [India]
Akshat Kaushal, Business Standard (India), 20 Dec 2011

“Child Labour Act in India should include Blanket Ban on Child Labour”
National Advisory Council  in SOS Children's Villages Canada, 22 Oct 2011

Captured by Cotton : Exploited Dalit girls produce garments in India for European and US markets [India]
SOMO (Centre for Research on Multinational Corporations) and ICN (India Committee of the Netherlands), 5 May 2011

Another slave labour brick factory uncovered in Guangdong [China]
China Labour Bulletin, 13 May 2011 

Not just poverty, corporate callousness drives children to labour [India]
Azera Rahman, Sify News (India), 15 Mar 2011

27 children rescued from circus company [India]
Times of India, 30 Nov 2010

A murky business for young Philippine miners
Barbara Mae Dacanay, guldnews.com, 26 Nov 2010

Employing children aged 14-18 not an offence: Court [India]
Hindustan Times, 26 Nov 2010

Arnotts to avoid child labour chocolate
AAP Australia, 28 Oct 2010

Child and forced labour still rife in Pakistan, whilst floods add to labour risks – New Maplecroft report
Maplecroft, 14 Oct 2010

More than half a million child labourers in Indian seed production - Situation improved where government, NGOs and companies intervened
India Committee of the Netherlands, Intl. Labor Rights Forum, Stop Child Labour - School is the Best Place to Work, 12 Jun 2010

Rights group exposes child mining scandal [India]
Jose Kavi, UCAN, 8 Jun 2010

Microsoft supplier in China Forces Teenagers to Work 15-hour Shifts Under Sweatshop Conditions
National Labor Committee (USA), 13 Apr 2010

Childhood in pits, says report on Indian mining
Aarti Dhar, Hindu (India), 25 Mar 2010
- [PDF] India’s Childhood in the "Pits": A Report on the Impacts of Mining on Children in India
  Dhaatri Resource Centre for Women and Children-Samata (India); HAQ: Centre for Child Rights (India); mines, minerals & PEOPLE (India), 1 Mar 2010

'Banning child labour will push families into further poverty' [India]
Press Trust of India, 8 Mar 2010

Four million children work, some for more than 40 hours a week [Indonesia]
Evi Mariani, Jakarta Post, 12 Feb 2010

The abandoned generations: how child labourers suffer as India ignores the law
Rhys Blakely, Times (UK), 15 Oct 2009

Child labour prevalent in Namakkal brick kilns: rights group [India]
R. Ilangovan, The Hindu, 24 Aug 2009

Child labour used in cosmetics industry [India]
Nicola Smith, Times (UK), 19 Jul 2009

Corporate fights child labour in cotton fields [India]
Indian Express, 15 Jun 2009
Bayer CropScience project aims to get children off the fields of contract farmers and into school.

Girls in gold-mining: “I don’t want my children to be like me” [Philippines]
Minette Rimando, ILO, 10 Jun 2009

Children of the stone quarries [India]
Mari Marcel Thekaekara, InfoChange News & Features (India), 1 Dec 2008

Regarding new case of child labour in Bangladesh
Telenor, 4 Sep 2008
Telenor response to child labour in supplier factory.

Gap joins hands with govt for workers' rights [India]
Press Trust of India, 1 Jul 2008
A year after a child labour controversy, Gap has embarked on national initiative for welfare of children in collaboration with Indian Govt.

Child labor surges with building boom [Cambodia]
Cheang Sokha & Tracey Shelton, Phnom Penh Post, 16 May 2008

"Child Workers in Brick Factories: Causes and Consequences"
Dr. Poch Bunnak, Centre for Population Studies at Royal University of Phnom Penh, May 2008

Child labour in China
Chenyan Liu, CSR Asia, 30 Apr 2008

Bank donates to Unicef after child labour row [Pakistan]
Swissinfo (Switzerland), 23 avril 2008

Ending child labor tricky job for India
Laurie Goering, Chicago Tribune, 17 Apr 2008

The plight of Nepal’s child quarry workers ... who slave to keep our patios plush
Billy Briggs, Sunday Herald (UK), 5 Apr 2008

A Desperate Search For Stolen Children [China]
Maureen Fan, Washington Post Foreign Service, 10 Mar 2008

British patios fuelling Indian child labour
Peter Foster, Telegraph (UK), 27 Dec 2007

Many rescued child laborers in India soon back at another dismal job
Heidi J. Shrager, San Francisco Chronicle, 23 Dec 2007


Europe & Central Asia

Cotton Campaign calls for stronger commitment from H&M to rid supply chain of Uzbek child & forced labour
Cotton Campaign, 1 Feb 2013
Business & Human Rights Resource Centre invited H&M, Daewoo Intl. and POSCO to respond. Responses provided.

Kazakhstan: Philip Morris International Overhauls Labor Protections
Human Rights Watch, 10 May 2011

Romanian children found working in Worcestershire field [UK]
BBC, 24 Oct 2010

Silk's dark side: Uzbek kids made to grow cocoons
Mansur Mirovalev, AP, 28 Aug 2010

Philip Morris is said to benefit from child labor [Kazakhstan]
Andrew Kramer, New York Times, 14 Jul 2010
The company would investigate and ensure better procedures.
- [PDF] “Hellish Work” - Exploitation of Migrant Tobacco Workers in Kazakhstan
  Human Rights Watch, July 2010

Norwegian central bank warns companies on child labour
Daniel Brooksbank, Responsible Investor, 19 May 2010

Germany Wants Indian Exports Free of Child Labour
Indo-Asian News Service (India), 12 Jan 2010

15 Kyrgyz child slave laborers freed from factory near Moscow
RIA Novosti, 28 Dec 2009

Schoolchildren forced to file statements of voluntary participation in cotton harvesting in Andijan [Uzbekistan]
Central Asian news service, 22 Sep 2009

Tajikistan: Cotton harvest relies heavily on child labour
EurasiaNet, 3 Nov 2009

Central Asia: Child Labor Alive And Thriving
Gulnoza Saidazimova, Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, 12 Jun 2008

Europe: Call to Link Trade With Children's Rights
David Cronin, Inter Press Service, 19 May 2008


Middle East & North Africa

[video] Child labor, a major issue in Tunisia
Eymen Gamha, Tunisia Live, 8 Aug 2012

Teenager Films Afghan Child Labor
Dion Nissenbaum, Wall Street Journal, 14 Jul 2012

Save the Children [child labour in Egypt]
Hania Moheeb, Business Today (Egypt) 14 Mar 2012

YEMEN: Political upheaval likely to increase child abour
IRIN, 6 Oct 2011

Child labour increased by up to a third one year after Pakistan floods says Save the Children
Save the Children, 27 Jul 2011

Toolkit to address child labour in the agricultural sector in Egypt
Save the Children 2011

Child workers in Yemen given back their childhood
Mark Tutton, CNN, 31 Jan 2011

Factories pollute the air in karbala [Iraq]
Abbas Sarhan, Niqash, 15 Jul 2010
Brick factories allegedly use child labour.

UAE camel racers defy ban on child jockeys
Simeon Kerr, Financial Times, 3 Mar 2010
Young boys used as camel jockeys, high risk of accidents.

Not Only in Tunnels, Not Only in Gaza
Hedva Isachar, Hagada Hasmalit (Israel), 25 Jul 2009
Report says half of the Palestinians working in tunnels in Gaza are youth and children.

Tougher action needed on child labour in Syria
Syria News Briefing, 23 Feb 2009

Jordan: Serious violations of workers’ rights
International Trade Union Confederation, 12 Nov 2008
Report refers to child labour in Jordan.
- [PDF] Internationally recognised core labour standards in Jordan: Report for the WTO General council review of the trade policies of Jordan

Working flat out - the child labour behind your Egyptian cotton sheets
Dan McDougall, Observer (UK) 08 Jun 2008

Lebanon's forgotten children
AFP, 5 Feb 2008
Thousands of children in Lebanon are child labourers.

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Article
1 January 2014

Sustainability Focus: Child Labour Due Diligence in Labour Intensive Industries

Author: Vigeo

Vigeo identified four sectors (Mining, Food, Tobacco and Specialised Retail) that are more exposed to child labour issues than others due their high labour intensity, complex supply chains and their frequent presence weak governance zones. Vigeo’s...

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27 November 2013

Which companies are scoring against child labour?

Author: Hivos - Stop Child Labour

[Business & Human Rights Resource Centre invited companies criticised in the report to respond. Farida, Lotto Sports, Marks & Spencer, Schoenenreus and Wolky responses provided. We will indicate whether Birkenstock and UGG-Deckers respond here...

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1 July 2013

[PDF] Child Exploitation and the FIFA World Cup: A review of risks and protective interventions

Author: School of Sport and Education, Brunel University London

This review is intended to inform action in countries that host MSEs [major sporting events] and to provide some suggestions on how hosting countries can avoid past pitfalls and mistakes in relation to child exploitation, especially economic and sexual...

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29 April 2013

World Report on Child Labour: Economic vulnerability, social protection and the fight against child labour

Author: International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour (IPEC)

This new report is the first in a series to be published annually by the ILO’s International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour. It brings together research on child labour and social protection, identifying policies that are designed to...

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6 March 2013

Allan Freeth: The sad business of child poverty

Author: Allan Freeth, former head of TelstraClear, in New Zealand Herald

Businesses cannot sit on hands while children go hungry, uneducated, abused and neglected...[I]n the face of harsh truths of living in New Zealand as a child of poverty, I'm asking this question - as business leaders today, do we care enough about our...

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20 February 2013

Cotton Campaign calls for stronger commitment from H&M to rid supply chain of Uzbek child & forced labour

Author: Compiled by Business & Human Rights Resource Centre

[Business & Human Rights Resource Centre invited H&M, Daewoo Intl. and POSCO to respond. Responses provided.] Reports continue to allege the use of child & forced labour in Uzbek cotton harvests...In December 2012, Cotton Campaign pointed...

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19 January 2013

Stopping child labor: There's an app for that [Colombia]

Author: Sibylla Brodzinsky, Christian Science Monitor [USA]

A smartphone app in Colombia uses crowdsourcing to document and fight child labor. Whenever users see a child working they can take a picture, log the location, and the app sends it to Colombia's child welfare agency...The app...is called “Yo digo:...

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17 January 2013

Stakeholder Consultation on Addressing Child Labor in Nestlé’s Cocoa Supply Chain

Author: Fair Labor Association

On November 26, 2012, FLA, Nestlé and FLA’s Global Forum for Sustainable Supply Chains jointly organized a stakeholder consultation at Nestlé’s R&D Center in [Côte d’Ivoire]...Representatives from Nestlé, FLA and the International Cocoa Initiative...

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3 September 2012

UN: Guatemalan Children Still Facing Sexual Exploitation, Forced Labor

Author: Hispanically Speaking News

In spite of protection measures by the Guatemalan Government, many children are still victims of sexual exploitation and forced labor, a United Nations independent expert warned today. Special Rapporteur on child trafficking, prostitution and child...

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29 August 2012

Immigration waivers leave migrant children behind [USA]

Author: Grace Meng, Human Rights Watch

The Department of Homeland Security began taking applications on Aug. 15 for "deferred action for childhood arrivals," temporary relief from deportation for unauthorized immigrants who were brought to the USA as children. But...many children who should...

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