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Child soldiers

Issues > Children in conflict zones > Child soldiers

Key initiatives & reports

Private Security Companies and Children's Rights
UNICEF, 25 May 2011

International Code of Conduct for Private Security Service Providers – Nyon Process
Information on Initiative by Swiss Government compiled by Business & Human Rights Resource Centre
The Code includes provisions prohibiting use of child soldiers, child labour.

Do No Harm: A guide for companies sourcing from the DRC
Global Witness, 8 Jul 2010
A guide on due diligence for companies sourcing from the Dem. Rep. of Congo to prevent their trade from financing conflict, including the forced recruitment of child soldiers.
  full report A guide for companies: Do no harm: Excluding conflict minerals from the supply chain

Rebuilding the lives of Congo’s child soldiers
Mary Riddell, Telegraph (UK), 16 Jul 2009

New report: Conflict Minerals in Cell Phones Perpetuating Use of Child soldiers
Child Soldier Relief, 29 Apr 2009

Recruiting Child Soldiers: Why Children Fight in Wars
Victor Mobley, International Affairs, 20 Jul 2008

Context:

[video] Child soldiers fighting in the DRC
“On the Frontlines”, WITNESS and AJEDI-ka/PES, Feb 2009

[video] Child Soldier
19 Dec 2007
A report on child soldiers, UN action and the problem of female child soldiers being sexually abused.

Indepth: Child Soldiers: Africa: Too small to be fighting in anyone’s war
IRIN, 12 Dec 2003
An overview of the problem of child soldiers, why children are recruited, and what the consequences are for them.

Case examples

How Your Cell Phone Secretly Recruits Child Soldiers
Amanda Kloer, Change.org, 17 Nov 2010

Demand for “conflict minerals” endangers Congo’s women and children
Shawna Templeton, World Vision US, Jun 2010

Ex-child soldiers step into fashionable world [Sri Lanka]
Sunday Observer (Sri Lanka), 29 Nov 2009

Burmese junta increases forced labour and child soldiers
asianews.it, 26 Nov 2009

[video] Children of Conflict – Congo
AlJazeera English, 24 Aug 2008

Ex-child soldier urges business to be responsible
Romana King, Business Edge, 11 Jul 2008

[video] The boy who killed for diamonds [Sierra Leone]
Claudio von Planta, 25 Feb 2008

Africa: Conflicts and mining-induced displacement
War resisters, 1 Feb 2008
Article says mining-induced displacement is one of the most underreported causes of displacement in Africa – also that diamond mining financed the war in Democratic Republic of Congo and related human rights abuses, including use of child soldiers.

Afghanistan: Child soldiers operating on several fronts
IRIN, 19 Dec 2007
Child soldiers found working for private security companies.

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Related stories and components

Article
25 May 2011

[PDF] Private Security Companies and Children's Rights

Author: UNICEF

Current frameworks do not sufficiently consider [how children's rights are impacted by private security companies]...UNICEF, Save the Children and the Global Compact have been leading an initiative to develop a set of principles for Business on...

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Article
30 December 2010

Ex-child soldiers step into fashionable world [Sri Lanka]

Author: Sunday Observer (Sri Lanka)

The latest fashion of the town has reached them. Instead of deadly cyanide vials and 'dog tags', ragged blood stained Tiger uniforms and rubber slippers boys wear silver chains, bracelets, denims, figure hugging T-shirts and sandles decorate them.....

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Article
17 October 2010

How Your Cell Phone Secretly Recruits Child Soldiers

Author: Amanda Kloer, Change.org

Your cell phone works hard — texting with friends, checking in with family, "accidentally" losing that message asking you to come into work early. But did you know your cell phone may also be responsible for recruiting child soldiers in Congo? That's...

Read more

Article
8 July 2010

A guide for companies: Do no harm: Excluding conflict minerals from the supply chain

Author: Global Witness

Nobody forces companies to purchase minerals or metals mined in war zones…a key message to companies…is that if they choose to use metals originating from eastern DRC they have a responsibility to demonstrate – by doing due diligence – that their...

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Article
8 July 2010

Do No Harm: A guide for companies sourcing from the DRC

Author: Global Witness

Rebels, militias and army units have hijacked the trade in mineral ores from eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), while subjecting the civilian population to massacres, rape, extortion, forced labour and forced recruitment of child soldiers....

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Article
1 June 2010

Demand for “conflict minerals” endangers Congo’s women and children

Author: Shawna Templeton, World Vision U.S.

The protracted war in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) amounts to one of the bloodiest conflicts since World War II. More than 5 million lives have been lost since the war began in 1998. Civilians — especially women and children — are targeted...

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Article
26 November 2009

Burmese junta increases forced labour and child soldiers

Author: asianews.it

50% increase in complaints of forced labour and more than half involving children and young people enrolled in the army...Defence of human rights groups confirm that the Burmese military junta continues a campaign of forced recruitment of minors into...

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Article
16 July 2009

Rebuilding the lives of Congo's child soldiers

Author: Mary Riddell, Telegraph [UK]

For Congo’s child soldiers, brutalised and forced to kill, rehabilitation is a long journey. Yet in war-ravaged eastern Congo one transitional centre is slowly helping them rebuild their lives. Mary Riddell sees it at work, and talks to Congo’s...

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Article
29 April 2009

New Report: Conflict Minerals in Cell Phones Perpetuating Use of Child soldiers

Author: Child Soldier Relief

The GrassRoots Reconciliation Group, a non-profit dedicated to bringing together “local community members and ex-child soldiers of the LRA who have escaped from rebel captivity,” has co-written a report with the Enough Project linking the demand for...

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Article
24 August 2008

[video] Children of Conflict - Congo

Author: AlJazeeraEnglish

Children of Conflict looks at the Democratic Republic of Congo where child soldiers have been used in fighting between tribes and many have had to carry the guilt of rape, murder and pillage...

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