Chile, Bolivia and Argentina: Concerns raised of how best to protect rights of communities in the “Lithium Triangle”
Author: Latin American Post, Published on: 2 December 2019
“The Lithium triangle has Latin America with a square head”, 23 de noviembre de 2019
…85% of the world's lithium reserves, known to date, are located in Latin America, in a triangle in Chilean, Bolivian and Argentine lands.
Although the three countries could draw huge dividends from the mining exploitation of lithium, it seems that they are discarded, at least for the moment Bolivia, a country that has refused to mining with the argument of protecting the quality of life of their communities farmers and indigenous people, as well as preventing the deterioration of other natural resources such as water.
For its part, Chile no longer grants concessions and the two large companies that operate in 'the country of the cueca' were allowed to expand their production on the condition that they sold a quarter of it to domestic consumption at the lowest market price at the time of the transaction. Therefore, it would be Argentina which could eventually make the most of its subsoil resources.
However, the communities settled in the north of Argentina are the most neglected by the state and whose poverty rates stand out above the rest of the country. In the province of Jujuy, adjacent to Bolivia and Chile, there are large deposits of this element, but the communities are determinedly opposed to allowing mining in their territory, expelling even multinationals that claim it…