China: Apple bans 2 hazardous chemicals from supply chain following NGO campaigns
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Author: 安晓萌, 新华社（中国）
Author: 安曉萌, 新華社（中國）
It’s Apple’s mission to make sure that anyone who assembles, uses, or recycles an Apple product can do so safely. We’ve led the industry in removing many harmful substances from our product designs, and we go to great lengths to make sure they stay that way…We require our suppliers to adhere to this Regulated Substances Specification, which describes Apple’s global restrictions on the use of certain chemical substances or materials in our products, accessories, manufacturing processes, and packaging used for shipping products to Apple’s customers. We derive these restrictions from international laws or directives, agency or eco-label requirements… we hold our suppliers accountable by conducting factory audits, testing components with independent laboratories, and verifying the results in a lab we built at our headquarters…
Author: Joe Miller, BBC (UK)
"Apple bans two hazardous chemicals from assembly lines", BBC, 14 Aug 2014
Apple has banned two potentially hazardous chemicals from being used in the final assembly process at 22 of its iPhone and iPad production plants. Benzene, which is a carcinogen, and n-Hexane, which can cause nerve damage, will no longer be used in cleaning agents or degreasers at the facilities, the firm said...The move follows a campaign urging the tech giant to scrap the substances. One campaign group said Apple needed to "look deeper into its supply chain"...Apple's environmental director, Lisa Jackson, announced the commitment in a statement, saying the company launched an investigation after questions were asked about whether the chemicals were used at its factories.The firm said it found "no evidence of workers' health being put at risk" at any of the 22 plants visited, although four of the facilities were found to have traces of benzene or n-hexane...China Labor Watch, the New York-based non-profit organisation which campaigns for Apple to improve its safety standards, told the BBC it welcomed the commitment, but emphasised that the true test would be in its implementation. Executive director Li Quang said: "Apple has for years had commitments to labour standards like working hours, overtime wages and temporary worker regulations, but there is often widespread disregarding of these codes of conduct." Mr Li added he was also concerned about "Apple's ability to monitor whether implementation is taking place"...In a statement on its website, environmental campaign group Green America urged Apple to go further to ensure the safety of workers in its supply chain.
Author: Green America
"Green America: Apple Takes First Steps to Protect Workers from Toxins", 14 Aug 2014
Green America...is pleased with Apple’s...announcement that it is taking first steps to protect the workers who make their products from dangerous chemical exposures…Green America continues to urge Apple to go further to ensure the safety of all workers in its supply chain. Beyond benzene and n-hexane, there are thousands of chemicals used in the manufacturing of electronics…and many chemicals used by Apple suppliers remain undisclosed...Additionally, while Green America applauds Apple for investigating all its final assembly plants in China, the nonprofit is urging Apple to look deeper into its supply chain, to the second and third tier suppliers…Apple has 349 supplier facilities in China…Apple has investigated just 22 of these facilities (6.3%) which employ a third of the workers who work on Apple’s products…Green America will continue to call for Apple to identify and disclose all chemicals used in all supplier factories….