China: High-risk industries slammed for lack of safety training for workers
Author: China Labour Bulletin (Hong Kong), Published on: 25 November 2019
“Government slams lack of safety training in high-risk industries”, 20 November 2019
Only 20 percent of the 18 million workers employed in high-risk industries in China such as mining, hazardous chemicals, fireworks and metal smelting have received formal vocational training, the Ministry of Emergency Management (MEM) said in a report…
The head of the MEM’s Basic Safety Office, Pei Wentian, pointed out that these industries had for too long relied on poorly educated and poorly trained workers, often rural migrant labourers, a practice that significantly heightened the risks of workplace accidents.
About 40 percent of workers in these high-risk industries did not have any basic safety skills, while 34 percent only had a middle school education or less. Problems were particularly apparent in small and medium-sized enterprises that did not have the ability or were unwilling to invest in proper skills training, Pei said.
In order to improve skill levels in the coal mining industry, the National Coal Mine Safety Administration (which is under the MEM) proposed increasing the proportion of vocational and technical college graduates in the industry to at least 30 percent and reducing the proportion of those with just a middle school education to under 40 percent. Those applying for positions specifically related to mine safety should all have at least a high school education.
Moreover, all new employees in coal mines should receive at least 72 hours safety training before starting work. Mine managers should have at least 30 training days within a three-year period, technical personnel 21 days, and all other employees 12 days exempted from normal work duties to undergo safety training, the Safety Administration said.
The MEM called on China’s 1,418 vocational colleges, 10,200 vocational schools, and 2,379 technical schools to provide better training for workers in high risk industries and establish majors in work safety management etc.
While better safety training for both managers and frontline staff in high-risk industries is essential, simply issuing more administrative guidelines is unlikely to improve safety if the desire for profit still outweighs all other concerns…