[DOC] Rinsing the Blood from Angola’s Diamonds

Author: A public seminar by Rafael Marques at the Oxford University Africa Society, Published on: 26 January 2007

...I am here to share with you a reality of blood, and contempt for human rights, in the diamond fields of Cuango {in Angola]...The private security companies, which effectively control the territory, on behalf of the diamond industry, have established practices of humiliation, whipping, torture, sexual abuse and, in some cases, assassinations...the main culprits are the diamond companies that, in fact, outline and supervise the security operations on the ground, as I have learnt. These security outfits are Alfa-5, K&P Mineira and Teleservice, and they provide services to, respectively, Sociedade de Desenvolvimento Mineiro [joint venture Endiama & Odebrecht], Luminas [joint venture Nofar Mining (part of Lev Leviev), Endiama & Twins Ltd], and Sociedade Mineira do Cuango [joint venture ITM Mining, Endiama & Lumanhe]. I have now, in my possession, up to 50 cases of abuses registered in Cuango in the last quarter of 2006...What the Kimberley Process...is doing is to rinse the blood from the gems, extracted in the Lundas, and certify them as clean. [also refers to Mineral Research Company of Angola (PEMA), Diamang, ASCORP (Angola Selling Corporation) (joint venture Endiama, Lev Leviev Group, Omega Diamonds), Sodiam/Lazare Kaplan International]

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Related companies: Alfa 5 Endiama (Empresa Nacional de Diamantes de Angola) ITM Mining Lazare Kaplan Lev Leviev Group Lumanhe Luminas (Sociedade Mineira de Luminas) (joint venture Lev Leviev, Endiama & Twins Ltd) Odebrecht SDM (Sociedade de Desenvolvimento Mineiro de Angola) (joint venture Odebrecht & Endiama) Sociedade Mineira do Cuango (joint venture ITM Mining, Endiama & Lumanhe) SODIAM (part of Endiama) Teleservice