Ecuador: Andes Petroleum removed from indigenous territories by Ministry of Energy following indigenous resistance

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Author: Amazon Watch

[此中文翻译由企业责任资源中心提供]

 “在争取土著权利和终结亚马逊原油方面的历史性胜利”,2019年11月7日

…土著对厄瓜多尔的石油开采的抵抗赢得了又一次重大胜利…经过多年努力,安第斯石油公司(Andes Petroleum)停止了在158,000公顷的热带雨林特许权中的钻探计划,该特许权被称为79区块,与萨帕拉(Sapara)和基奇瓦(Kichwa)的土著民族的领土重叠…

厄瓜多尔能源和不可再生自然资源部于10月10日发布决议,同意安第斯石油公司(中国石油天然气集团公司和中石化(中国石油化工股份有限公司)的合资企业)提出不可抗力请求,因为可能受该项目潜在影响的土著人民提出的“抵抗,社会和政治反对”。

厄瓜多尔能源部的决定紧随土著反对运动,该土著运动是针对开采活动、对土地捍卫者的袭击以及全球对亚马逊河遭到破坏的强烈抗议而产生的新动力。在厄瓜多尔,现代历史上最大的土著罢工之一使国际货币基金组织的经济紧缩方案脱轨,该运动继续呼吁停止新的石油和采矿开采。法院最近在Waorani诉厄瓜多尔一案中的一项裁决确定,厄瓜多尔在原定要招标的石油区块上与土著人民进行的协商程序违反了该国自己的宪法,并强调了缺乏规范该程序的协商法…

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Author: Amazon Watch

[此中文翻譯由企業責任資源中心提供]

“在爭取土著權利和終結亞馬遜原油方面的歷史性勝利”,2019年11月7日

…土著對厄瓜多爾的石油開采的抵抗贏得了又一次重大勝利…經過多年努力,安第斯石油公司(Andes Petroleum)停止了在158,000公頃的熱帶雨林特許權中的鑽探計劃,該特許權被稱為79區塊,與薩帕拉(Sapara)和基奇瓦(Kichwa)的土著民族的領土重疊…

厄瓜多爾能源和不可再生自然資源部於10月10日發布決議,同意安第斯石油公司(中國石油天然氣集團公司和中石化(中國石油化工股份有限公司)的合資企業)提出不可抗力請求,因為可能受該項目潛在影響的土著人民提出的“抵抗,社會和政治反對”。

厄瓜多爾能源部的決定緊隨土著反對運動,該土著運動是針對開採活動、對土地捍衛者的襲擊以及全球對亞馬遜河遭到破壞的強烈抗議而產生的新動力。在厄瓜多爾,現代歷史上最大的土著罷工之一使國際貨幣基金組織的經濟緊縮方案脫軌,該運動繼續呼籲停止新的石油和採礦開採。法院最近在Waorani訴厄瓜多爾一案中的一項裁決確定,厄瓜多爾在原定要招標的石油區塊上與土著人民進行的協商程序違反了該國自己的憲法,並強調了缺乏規範該程序的協商法…

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8 November 2019

Ecuador: Andes Petroleum removed from indigenous territories by Ministry of Energy following indigenous resistance

Author: Amazon Watch

“Historic Victory in the Fight for Indigenous Rights and to End Amazon Crude”, 7th November 2019

…The indigenous resistance to oil extraction in Ecuador earned another major victory…Success was achieved in the multiyear effort to stop drilling plans by Andes Petroleum in a 158,000-hectare rainforest concession known as Block 79, which overlaps the titled territory of the Sapara and Kichwa indigenous nationalities…

Ecuador's Ministry of Energy and Non-Renewable Natural Resources issued a resolution on October 10th granting a force majeure request by Andes Petroleum – a Chinese joint venture by CNPC (China National Petroleum Company) and SINOPEC (China Petroleum & Chemical Corporation) – due to the "resistance and social and political opposition" of indigenous peoples potentially affected by the project.

The decision from Ecuador's Energy Ministry comes on the heels of new momentum by the indigenous movement against extraction, attacks against indigenous earth defenders, and a global outcry over the destruction of the Amazon. In Ecuador, one of the largest indigenous strikes in modern history derailed an IMF economic austerity package and the movement continues to call for an end to new oil and mining extraction. A recent court decision in the Waorani v Ecuador case determined that Ecuador's consultation process with indigenous peoples on oil blocks slated to be tendered violated the country's own constitution and underscored the absence of a consultation law to regulate such a process…

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