Ecuador: Mining impacts on indigenous peoples in Ecuador

Photo credit: FIDH

"In 2010, together with its member organisation CEDHU and in collaboration Rights & Democracy, FIDH conducted an human rights impact assessment (HRIA) on the first large-scale mining project to take place in the Ecuadorian Amazon (Read the report here)

The HRIA process made it possible for affected communities to meet and hold a dialogue with all stakeholders. Following the publication of the report in 2011, in November 2012 the UN Comittee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (CESCR) reiterated its concerns regarding the failure to undertake of adequate consultation of indigenous peoples to obtain their free, prior and informed consent vis à vis natural resources development projects affecting them. (Read the CESCR’s Concluding Observations here). In July 2013, FIDH, CEDHU and Mining Watch submitted a complaint at the Canadian OECD National Contact Point (read more here). In July 2014, the NCP announced his decision to dismiss the case - read more here." (Summary by FIDH).

Business & Human Rights Resource Centre invited companies linked to the project to respond, but they did not.

Timeline:

  • 2011: CEDHU, Rights & Democracy, FIDH conduct human rights impact assessment & publish report
  • 2012: UN Comittee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights reiterates concern about failure to obtain free, prior and informed consent
  • 2013: FIDH, CEDHU and Mining Watch submit complaint at the Canadian OECD National Contact Point
  • 2014: NCP dismisses case