Ethiopia: Mursi tribesmen recall imprisonment, torture & land-grabbing by state agents who allegedly protect Chinese-run sugar plantations & refineries

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30 March 2020

Ethiopia: Mursi tribesmen recall imprisonment, torture & land-grabbing by state agents who allegedly protect Chinese-run sugar plantations & refineries

Author: Roc Morin, Vice (USA)

"Kidnapping, Torture, and Stolen Land: The Brutal Reality of Ethiopia's New Sugar Wars"

...In 2005, when Jonathan first arrived in Mursi-land, the tribe was still essentially living as they had for thousands of years. The Mursi had been dependent on the floodwaters of the Omo River to irrigate and fertilize their crops, supplemented by cattle and goat herding, as well as hunting. Everything changed in 2015 when a government-backed Italian firm completed the Gibe III hydroelectric dam upriver. All seasonal flooding ceased for the first time in millennia, according to the Mursi, rendering vast tracts of tribal land unfarmable. Famine ensued. Simultaneously, water was diverted for a government scheme to establish industrial sugarcane plantations throughout the Omo Valley. The new irrigation features soon became breeding grounds for malarial mosquitoes...

Chinese corporations have also established a strong presence here. In the wake of domestic corruption scandals, sugar plantations that were originally run by the Ethiopian military have been bought out by Chinese businesses, which have also received permission to build additional facilities in the Omo Valley. A 2017 article in the state-run China Daily titled “Life is sweet for sugar industry in Ethiopia” referred to 10 such plants being under construction at the time, on what it called “barren” land. In each case, territory had been forcibly seized from local tribes by the Ethiopian military without compensation...

As the plantations and sugar refineries multiply, local tribespeople have increasingly been fighting back, staging raids against both machinery and workers. The presence of foreign investment has increased pressure on the Ethiopian government to stabilize the region, which has led to the ongoing military initiative to confiscate all tribal firearms.

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Author: Roc Morin, Vice (美国)

[此翻译由企业责任资源中心提供]

“绑架、折磨与被偷走的土地:埃塞俄比亚新甘蔗战争的残酷现实”

……2005年,乔纳森初次来到摩西族(Mursi)的领地时,摩西部落依旧维持着数千年来的生活方式:用奥莫河(Omo River)的河水灌溉,通过放牧和狩猎获取食物。在2015年政府支持的一家意大利公司完成吉布三号水电站(Gibe III hydroelectric dam)项目后,这一切都发生了变化。摩西族人回忆说,季节性洪水在新千年来首次不见了,大片的部落领地不再适合耕作,饥荒接踵而来。与此同时,水源还被分流,以解决政府在奥莫河谷兴建的甘蔗种植园的灌溉问题。新的灌溉地区很快成为了传播疟疾的蚊子的栖息地……

中国企业参与了甘蔗园项目。甘蔗种植园最初由埃塞军方管理,由于爆出丑闻,这些种植园被出售给中国公司。政府还允许这些公司在奥莫河谷修建辅助设施。中国国营媒体《中国日报》在2017年以“埃塞俄比亚甘蔗产业的幸福生活”为题,报道了当时在“荒地”上兴建的10个甘蔗种植园。实际情况是,每个种植园的土地都是埃塞军方从当地部落强行无偿征用的……

 

随着甘蔗种植园和蔗糖提炼厂数量的大幅增加,当地部落的民众开始反击,而他们反击的方式主要是袭击工人和破坏机器。外国投资的涌入使埃塞政府在维护地区稳定方面面临的压力日益增大,这促使政府动用军队没收当地部族的武器。

Ethiopia: Mursi tribesmen recall imprisonment, torture & land-grabbing by state agents who allegedly protect Chinese-run sugar plantations & refineries

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Author: Roc Morin, Vice (美國)

[此翻譯由企業責任資源中心提供]

“綁架、折磨與被偷走的土地:埃塞俄比亞新甘蔗戰爭的殘酷現實”

…… 2005 年,喬納森初次來到摩西族(Mursi)的領地時,摩西部落依舊維持著數千年來的生活方式:用奧莫河( Omo River )的河水灌溉,通過放牧和狩獵獲取食物。在 2015 年政府支持的一家意大利公司完成吉布三號水電站( Gibe III hydroelectric dam )項目後,這一切都發生了變化。摩西族人回憶說,季節性洪水在新千年來首次不見了,大片的部落領地不再適合耕作,飢荒接踵而來。與此同時,水源還被分流,以解決政府在奧莫河穀興建的甘蔗種植園的灌溉問題。新的灌溉地區很快成為了傳播瘧疾的蚊子的棲息地 ……

中國企業參與了甘蔗園項目。甘蔗種植園最初由埃塞軍方管理,由於爆出醜聞,這些種植園被出售給中國公司。政府還允許這些公司在奧莫河谷修建輔助設施。中國國營媒體《中國日報》在 2017 年以“埃塞俄比亞甘蔗產業的幸福生活”為題,報導了當時在“荒地”上興建的 10 個甘蔗種植園。實際情況是,每個種植園的土地都是埃塞軍方從當地部落強行無償徵用的……

隨著甘蔗種植園和蔗糖提煉廠數量的大幅增加,當地部落的民眾開始反擊,而他們反擊的方式主要是襲擊工人和破壞機器。外國投資的湧入使埃塞政府在維護地區穩定方面面臨的壓力日益增大,這促使政府動用軍隊沒收當地部族的武器。

Ethiopia: Mursi tribesmen recall imprisonment, torture & land-grabbing by state agents who allegedly protect Chinese-run sugar plantations & refineries

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