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Ghana: Significant growth in the number of Chinese miners cause diplomatic tensions

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Author: East Asia Forum


“ “中國礦工”在加納非法捕撈黃金”,2019年11月1日

加納是非洲第二大黃金生產國,僅次於南非,小規模採礦約佔黃金總產量的30%。小型採礦業於1989年為公民合法化,同時明確禁止外國人參與。但自2010年以來,對外國黃金重商主義者、尤其是來自中國的黃金重商主義者而言,加納已成為一個有吸引力的目的地。加納的中國礦工通常被稱為“上林幫”,主要來自廣西上林縣。他們行動的動機是多種多樣的。雖然中國媒體(例如總部位於廣州的《 21世紀經濟報導》)建議上林礦工前往加納謀求財富,但上林的一些居民卻指責中國政府鼓勵加納淘金熱。



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Author: East Asia Forum


“ “中国矿工”在加纳非法捕捞黄金”,2019年11月1日

加纳是非洲第二大黄金生产国,仅次于南非,小规模采矿约占黄金总产量的30%。小型采矿业于1989年为公民合法化,同时明确禁止外国人参与。但自2010年以来,对外国黄金重商主义者、尤其是来自中国的黄金重商主义者而言,加纳已成为一个有吸引力的目的地。加纳的中国矿工通常被称为“上林帮”,主要来自广西上林县。他们行动的动机是多种多样的。虽然中国媒体(例如总部位于广州的《 21世纪经济报道》)建议上林矿工前往加纳谋求财富,但上林的一些居民却指责中国政府鼓励加纳淘金热。



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6 November 2019

Ghana: Significant growth in the number of Chinese miners cause diplomatic tensions

Author: Hagan Sibiri, East Asia Forum

‘Chinese miners’ illegal hunt for gold in Ghana’ 1November 2019

Ghana is Africa’s second-largest gold producer after South Africa and small-scale mining accounts for about 30 per cent of total gold output. The small-scale mining sector was legalised in 1989 for citizens while explicitly forbidding the involvement of foreigners. But since 2010, Ghana has become an attractive destination for foreign gold mercantilists, particularly those from China. The Chinese miners in Ghana, generally known as the Shanglin gang’, predominantly originate from Shanglin County in Guangxi. Their motivations for moving are varied. While Chinese media sources such as the Guangzhou-based 21st Century Business Herald suggest that Shanglin miners go to Ghana to seek their fortune, some residents of Shanglin blame the Chinese government for encouraging the Ghanaian gold rush.

By 2013, significant growth in the number of Chinese miners triggered persistent hostile media coverage of conflicts between Chinese miners and local communities. That year, the Guardian and the BBC reported on the scale of illegal gold mining activities and published allegations of human rights abuses, sparking national tensions. This led to strong opposition and resentment from the Ghanaian public towards Chinese miners.

Ghana faces many difficulties in maintaining good relations with China while dealing with the delicate domestic issue of illegal mining. In both public and media discourses, the conviction is that prosecution of foreign nationals will not only deter foreigners from mining illegally, but also send a clear message of the government’s commitment to fighting against the practice and its associated impact on the environment and human lives.

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