Global Slavery Index estimates 35.8 million people live in modern slavery

 Bonded Labor: The Most Common Form of Slavery Youve Never Heard Of

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Article
+ العربية - Hide

Author: رانيا الصرايرة,الغد

"مؤشر دولي: 31 ألفا بالأردن يعانون من "العبودية الحديثة

 عمان - احتل الأردن المرتبة (57) من بين (167) دولة ضمن تقرير "مؤشر العبودية العالمي" الذي أكد وجود نحو 31 ألف شخص في المملكة يعانون من العبودية الحديثة التي تشمل الاتجار بالبشر، والزواج القسري، وبيع الأطفال واستغلالهم.  وبين التقرير، الذي تصدره سنويا منظمة Walk Free ويعقد مركز عدالة مؤتمرا صباح اليوم لإطلاق نتائجه، أن ضحايا العبودية في الشرق الأوسط بلغ عددهم نحو مليوني شخص.

واعتبر الأردن "وجهة لاستغلال الرجال والنساء من مختلف أنحاء المنطقة، وخاصة مصر وسورية وفلسطين والعراق، وإلى أبعد من ذلك، وفي الغالب إندونيسيا وسري لانكا، والفلبين"، مبينا أن هؤلاء وصلوا الأردن إما كلاجئين فارين من الصراعات السابقة والحالية، أو مهاجرين ذوي مهارات متدنية وهاربين من الفقر المزمن والبطالة في بلدانهم.

وقال إن تجارب هؤلاء واحدة من حيث العمل القسري، والزواج القسري، والعبودية المنزلية، فيما يكون عمل الأطفال في الغالب، في القطاع الزراعي وصنع الملابس وقطاعات العمل المحلية.

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Report
18 November 2014

[PDF] Executive summary

Author: Walk Free Foundation

The Index estimates the number of peoplein modern slavery in 167 countries. This year’s Index also includes an analysis of what governments are doing to eradicate modern slavery...The 2014 Global Slavery Index estimates there are 35.8 million people living in some form of modern slavery globally. The estimated prevalence of people in modern slavery has increased from 2013. It is important to note that we are not asserting that there has been an increase in modern slavery around the world over the last year. We believe that the majority of this increase is due to the improved accuracy and precision of our measures, and that we are uncovering modern slavery where it was not found before...In 2014, the Index includes an analysis of 167 governmentresponses based on five objectives that every single country should seek to accomplish in order to eradicate modern slavery: Survivors are identified, supported to exit and remainout of modern slavery...Criminal justice mechanisms address modern slavery...Coordination and accountability mechanisms for the central government are in place...Attitudes, social systems and institutions that enable modern slavery are addressed...Businesses and governments through their public procurement stop sourcing goods and services that use modern slavery.

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Report
18 November 2014

[PDF] Full report

Author: Walk Free Foundation

For 2014, the ten countries with the highest estimated prevalence of modern slavery by population are: Mauritania, Uzbekistan, Haiti, Qatar, India, Pakistan, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sudan, Syria and the Central African Republic...It is promising that the majority of countries have a basic national action plan to address some forms of modern slavery, and/or a national body tasked with coordinating responses to this crime. However, implementation continues to be weak...The countries with the weakest responses to modern slavery are: North Korea, Iran, Syria, Eritrea, the Central African Republic, Libya, Equatorial Guinea, Uzbekistan, the Republic of the Congo, and Iraq...High levels of prejudice and discrimination in a society can also create a context that marks some people as less important and less deserving of rights and protection, which in turn makes the crime of modern slavery easier to commit against them. Statistical testing confirms the connection between discrimination and modern slavery.

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