India: Volkswagen faces emission hearing for alleged environmental damage

volkswagen agrees to comply with NGT order_credit_Business Today

In November 2018, the National Green Tribunal (NGT) convened an expert panel to report on the environmental impact of Volkswagen's use of a "cheat" or "defeat" devise in its diesel engine cars to manipulate emission tests. Volkswagen admitted using this devise in 2015, and subsequently recalled effected vehicles in India and elsewhere around the world. Volkswagen states that the recall in India was entirely voluntary.

The expert panel released its report in December 2018, calculating the estimated cost of health damage due to the release of excess Nitrous Oxide. The company was ordered to pay an interim fine of Rs 1 billion to the Central Pollution Control Board  (CPCB). The issue of whether Volkswagen violated Indian emission norms is pending before the NGT. The Supreme Court has advised the tribunal to consider expanding its review to other car manufacturers.

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Article
28 January 2019

India: Consider expanding scope of Volkswagen emission case to other car makers: Supreme Court to Green Tribunal

Author: Press Trust of India (PTI), The Hindu Business Line

"Emission norms - Consider expanding scope of Volkswagen case to other car makers: SC to NGT", 21 January 2019

The Supreme Court on Monday [21 January] favoured widening of judicial scrutiny of a case pertaining to use of cheat device in diesel cars to flout emission norms in vehicles made by German auto major Volkswagen by bringing other auto majors under the scanner...

Senior advocate...appearing for Volkswagen, said that the company has been singled out for violation of norms which are “non-existent”. He said that the automobile company complies with country’s existing norms on emission and has already deposited Rs 100 crore fine imposed by the NGT to the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB)...

Volkswagen India Pvt Ltd had moved the top court challenging the [NGT order to deposite a fine] while a committee decides on the allegations of emission norms violations...A spokesperson of Volkswagen Group India said that all cars of the company are complying with the emission norms in India...[An expert committee] was formed by the NGT on November 16 last year to give its opinion whether the manufacturer has exceeded the prescribed environmental norms and fair estimate of the damage caused to the environment...

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Article
28 January 2019

India: Volkswagen fined Rs 1 billion for causing air pollution in Delhi

Author: The Logical Indian

"Volkswagen Fined Rs 100 Cr For Causing Air Pollution In Delhi; NGT Asks To Deposit Penalty", 18 January 2019

On January 17, ...[t]he NGT told [Volkswagen] to deposit Rs 100 crore [Rs 1 billion] with Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) within 24 hours...The NGT pulled up the company for not complying to tribunal’s earlier order, which had asked the company to deposit the penalty in November 2018....Volkswagen has agreed to comply with the NGT’s order...

NGT told the company that if it fails to deposit the penalty amount..., the NGT would order for the arrest of the carmaker’s country Managing Director...and...the seizure of companies properties in India.

On November 16 [2018], the NGT had constituted a four-member expert panel and had asked them to submit a report on the matter. The probe on Volkswagen started in the wake of the 2015 global emission scandal in which Volkswagen was found guilty of programming its diesel engines with cheat devices that showed less emission of Nitrous Oxides(NOx) only during the car tests...

The expert panel in its report that came out on December 24, 2018, concluded that the company cars had released approximately 48.678 tonnes of NOx in 2016 in Delhi...[It] said the "longer exposures to elevated concentrations of NO2 may contribute to the development of asthma and potentially increase susceptibility to respiratory infections”...

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