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Indonesia: Locals complain of environmental and livelihood problems from coal plant by subsidiary of China Huadian Engineering in Bali; incl. company response

A coal-fired power plant built on Bali’s north coast has been accused of providing inadequate compensation for land acquisition, causing damage to local livelihoods and health, and harming the environment on land and at sea, according to a report published by Greenpeace in 2018.

There were also suspicions on the involvement of illegal labour from China in constructing and operating the plant.

In January 2018, three local residents launched a legal action to stop the plant’s expansion, but the case was rejected by the Denpasar State Administrative Court. The decision was upheld on appeal at the Surabaya High Court. An appeal in the Supreme Court was also rejected in July 2019.

The plant was built by PT General Energy Bali, which is majority owned by China Huadian Engineering, (Singapore-based) Merryline International Pte. Ltd, and PT General Energy Indonesia. The latter’s shares are now controlled by PT Singa Energy Indonesia.

In response to Business and Human Rights Resource Centre’s request for comments, China Huadian Engineering said in a statement that their power plant in Bali strictly complies with the relevant legal regulations in Indonesia and international standards, and that it has been supplying safe, stable and quality electricity to facilitate the regional economic development in Bali and its surrounding area. Their full response is available below (in Chinese only).

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Article
30 September 2019

China Huadian Engineering's response to coal plant project in Bali

Author: China Huadian Engineering Co. Ltd.

[The response was originally written in Chinese. This excerpt translation is provided by Business and Human Rights Resource Centre.]

... We appreciate your concerns. The power plant in Bali strictly complies with the relevant legal regulations in Indonesia and international standards. The approval process is comprehensive, and the operations are legally compliant. Currently, the environmental monitoring data of the power plant in Bali shows that the actual emission level is far lower than the requirement.

Since its business operation, the power plant in Bali has been supply safe, stable and quality electricity to facilitate the regional economic development in Bali and its surrounding area. Besides, we fulfill our corporate social responsibility and provide a lot of employment opportunities to the local communities... 

 

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Company response
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Author: 中国华电科工集团有限公司

... 我们对贵司的关注表示感谢。

巴厘岛电厂始终严格遵守印度尼西亚的相关法律法规和相关国际标准,审批手续完善,经营活动合法合规。目前,巴厘岛电厂的各项环保检测数据表明,实际排放水平均远低于要求值。

巴厘岛电厂自商业运行以来,为巴厘岛及周边地区提供了大量安全、稳定和高质量的电力供应,有力促进了地区经济的发展。同时,我们积极履行企业的社会责任,并为当地提供了大量的就业机会…

 

Download the full document here

Article
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Author: 中国华电科工集团有限公司

... 我们对贵司的关注表示感谢。

巴厘岛电厂始终严格遵守印度尼西亚的相关法律法规和相关国际标准,审批手续完善,经营活动合法合规。目前,巴厘岛电厂的各项环保检测数据表明,实际排放水平均远低于要求值。

巴厘岛电厂自商业运行以来,为巴厘岛及周边地区提供了大量安全、稳定和高质量的电力供应,有力促进了地区经济的发展。同时,我们积极履行企业的社会责任,并为当地提供了大量的就业机会…

 

Article
17 September 2019

Local people challenge coal plant expansion in Bali

Author: Tommy Apriando, China Dialogue

… The plant [a coal-fired power plant on 40 hectares of north Bali’s coast] has three units totalling 426 megawatts of capacity, and produces up to two-fifths of Bali’s electricity. The addition of two units would more than double the plant’s capacity to 1,086 megawatts. But in this remote part of Bali, 100 kilometres north of the tourist hotspot of Denpasar, farmers and fishers have not experienced any benefits.

In a 2018 report, Greenpeace found inadequate compensation for land acquisition, damage to local livelihoods and health, and harm to the environment on land and at sea.

The plant was built by PT General Energy Bali, which is majority owned by China Huadian Engineering, (Singapore-based) Merryline International Pte. Ltd, and PT General Energy Indonesia. The latter’s shares are now controlled by PT Singa Energy Indonesia. State-owned China Development Bank provided a loan of around US$700 million and Export-Import Bank of China also invested, according to Quitcoal.

… Director of PT General Energy Bali, Tjandra Limanjaya, and his wife Irnawati Sutanto were imprisoned for fraud after falsifying a bank guarantee letter from state-owned Mandiri Bank to secure a loan from Morgan Stanley…

There were also suspicions about the involvement of illegal labour from China in the plant’s construction and operation. The Buleleng Manpower and Transmigration Office found Chinese labourers lacking work permits.

In January 2018, three local residents launched a legal action backed by Greenpeace to stop the plant’s expansion. The case was rejected by the Denpasar State Administrative court, a decision upheld on appeal at the Surabaya High Court. An appeal in the Supreme Court was also rejected in July this year…

Greenpeace air pollution expert Lauri Myllivirta has stated that the plant’s environmental impact assessment failed to fully explain or provide data on the effects of mercury pollution. The heavy metal is toxic to health even in low concentrations… 

Mercury may fall along with coal ash directly into the sea or into groundwater. Contaminated water could then drain into the Lovina coastal ecosystem, impacting marine life, and fishers’ catches...

The Greenpeace report also mentions high emissions of fine particles (PM2.5) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) from the power plant. These pollutants increase the risks of respiratory and heart diseases, and other illnesses…

In response to the complaints, the governor of Bali, I Wayan Koster, has asked the Celukan Bawang plant operators to switch coal for a less polluting fuel, such as gas…

chinadialogue’s requests for comment from PT General Energy Bali and China Huadian Engineering went unanswered.

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Article
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Author: 中外对话

… 这个电厂(巴厘岛北部沿海建起的一座占地40公顷的燃煤发电)共有3个发电机组,装机容量426兆瓦,占巴厘岛发电量的五分之二。新增两台发电机组后,电厂的装机容量将达到1086兆瓦。但是在这个热门景区登巴萨以北100公里的偏远地区,电厂并没有让当地农民和渔民受益。

绿色和平组织2018年发布的一份报告指出,这座电厂建设过程中存在土地征用补偿不足、破坏当地居民生计与健康、危害土地和海洋环境等多种问题。

这座电厂由巴厘岛通用能源责任有限公司建设。该公司由中国华电科工集团有限公司、(总部位于新加坡的)Merryline 国际私人投资有限公司和印度尼西亚通用能源责任有限公司控股。后者的股份目前属于PT Singa Energy Indonesia。据Quitcoal介绍,中国国家开发银行为该项目提供了约7亿美元贷款,并且中国进出口银行也参与了相关投资。

… 巴厘岛通用能源责任有限公司负责人詹德拉·黎曼佳亚和他的妻子艾娜瓦提·苏坦拓因伪造曼迪利银行担保函骗取摩根史丹利集团贷款而被捕入狱…

此外,还有人怀疑项目建设和运营过程中使用了来自中国的非法劳工。布莱伦区人力与移民办公室发现了不少没有合法的工作许可中国工人。

2018年1月,3名当地居民在绿色和平组织的支持下提起了法律诉讼,希望阻止电厂扩建。但是,登巴萨国家行政法院驳回了诉讼请求,苏腊巴亚高等法院也维持了这个判决。今年7月,该项诉讼同样被印度尼西亚最高法院驳回…

绿色和平组织大气污染专家劳里·米利维尔塔表示,这座电厂的环境影响评估未能就汞污染影响给出充分的解释或者提供相关的数据。这种重金属即便浓度很低也仍然有害健康… 汞可能会随着煤灰粉尘直接进入海洋或者地下水系统。受到污染的水源可能会流入罗威纳沿海生态系统,进而影响海洋生物…

绿色和平组织的报告中还提到了电厂排放的大量细颗粒物(PM2.5)和二氧化氮污染物。这些污染物将增加罹患呼吸道疾病和心脏病等疾病的风险…

针对上述控诉,巴厘岛州长伊·瓦延·考斯特已经下令要求瑟罗坎巴望电厂改为使用天然气等污染较低的燃料…

巴厘岛通用能源有限责任公司和中国华电科工集团有限公司均未对中外对话的评论请求做出回应。 

Read the full post here

Article
+ 简体中文 - Hide

Author: 中外对话

… 这个电厂(巴厘岛北部沿海建起的一座占地40公顷的燃煤发电)共有3个发电机组,装机容量426兆瓦,占巴厘岛发电量的五分之二。新增两台发电机组后,电厂的装机容量将达到1086兆瓦。但是在这个热门景区登巴萨以北100公里的偏远地区,电厂并没有让当地农民和渔民受益。

绿色和平组织2018年发布的一份报告指出,这座电厂建设过程中存在土地征用补偿不足、破坏当地居民生计与健康、危害土地和海洋环境等多种问题。

这座电厂由巴厘岛通用能源责任有限公司建设。该公司由中国华电科工集团有限公司、(总部位于新加坡的)Merryline 国际私人投资有限公司和印度尼西亚通用能源责任有限公司控股。后者的股份目前属于PT Singa Energy Indonesia。据Quitcoal介绍,中国国家开发银行为该项目提供了约7亿美元贷款,并且中国进出口银行也参与了相关投资。

… 巴厘岛通用能源责任有限公司负责人詹德拉·黎曼佳亚和他的妻子艾娜瓦提·苏坦拓因伪造曼迪利银行担保函骗取摩根史丹利集团贷款而被捕入狱…

此外,还有人怀疑项目建设和运营过程中使用了来自中国的非法劳工。布莱伦区人力与移民办公室发现了不少没有合法的工作许可中国工人。

2018年1月,3名当地居民在绿色和平组织的支持下提起了法律诉讼,希望阻止电厂扩建。但是,登巴萨国家行政法院驳回了诉讼请求,苏腊巴亚高等法院也维持了这个判决。今年7月,该项诉讼同样被印度尼西亚最高法院驳回…

绿色和平组织大气污染专家劳里·米利维尔塔表示,这座电厂的环境影响评估未能就汞污染影响给出充分的解释或者提供相关的数据。这种重金属即便浓度很低也仍然有害健康… 汞可能会随着煤灰粉尘直接进入海洋或者地下水系统。受到污染的水源可能会流入罗威纳沿海生态系统,进而影响海洋生物…

绿色和平组织的报告中还提到了电厂排放的大量细颗粒物(PM2.5)和二氧化氮污染物。这些污染物将增加罹患呼吸道疾病和心脏病等疾病的风险…

针对上述控诉,巴厘岛州长伊·瓦延·考斯特已经下令要求瑟罗坎巴望电厂改为使用天然气等污染较低的燃料…

巴厘岛通用能源有限责任公司和中国华电科工集团有限公司均未对中外对话的评论请求做出回应。 

Read the full post here