Issues > Forced labour > International standards
Forced labour by people under the age of 18 is considered one of the worst forms of child labour. It is explicitly prohibited in ILO Convention 182 on the Worst Forms of Child Labour. It is also explicitly prohibited in the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography, article 3.
Forced labour is also prohibited in a wide range of international standards. These include: the Universal Declaration of Human Rights articles 4 and 23.1; the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights article 8; the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights article 6.1; the ILO Declaration on Fundamental Rights and Principles at Work article 2; the ILO Convention 29 on Forced Labour and its accompanying Recommendation 36; and the ILO Convention 105 on the Abolition of Forced Labour.