Italy releases revised National Action Plan on Business and Human Rights following mid-term review
Italy's National Action Plan on Business and Human Rights was published in December 2016.
During the 2018 UN Forum on Business and Human Rights, Fabrizio Petri, the President of the Inter-ministerial Committee for Human Rights, announced the release of a revised NAP following a mid-term review.
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Author: Human Rights International Corner
...Riguardo poi alle Aspettative del Governo nei confronti delle Imprese(pag. 9, Parte III - versione italiana del PAN), HRIC accoglie favorevolmente il recepimento da parte del Governo italiano della Direttiva Europea sul Non-Financial Reporting, con il decreto legislativo 254/2016 (pubblicato in Gazzetta Ufficiale il 25 gennaio 2017) che prevede l’obbligo per le imprese (con più di 500 dipendenti o che abbiano superato i 20.000.000 euro di stato patrimoniale o i 40.000.000 euro di ricavi netti) di pubblicare annualmente un rapporto sull’attività non-finanziaria. Di particolare rilevanza la serie di attività in corso elencate in merito ai diversi aspetti affrontati nei Principi Guida ONU, così come le misure che verranno attuate in futuro e che vengono chiaramente individuate dal PAN(pag. 10 e ss., Parte IV - versione italiana del PAN). Oltre ai già richiamati riferimenti alla necessità di promuovere l’adozione da parte delle imprese di un processo di HRDD, anche per le piccole e medie imprese (PMI) che rappresentano la maggior parte del tessuto industriale italiano e che affrontano problematiche specifiche in merito all’adempimento della normativa relativa ai diritti umani, risulta interessante il richiamo all’applicazione di un processo di Due Diligence lungo tutta la catena di fornitura per imprese che operano in «zone a governance debole», in particolare alla luce del Regolamento Europeo approvato nel marzo 2017 riguardante l’attività delle imprese europee nel settore dei conflict minerals e che entrerà in vigore nel 2021 (pag. 24, Parte IV B – versione italiana PAN)...
Author: Government of Italy, Ministry of Foreign Affairs
...The Plan for 2016-2021 is the final achievement of a multi-faceted activity of the Inter-ministerial Committee for Human Rights (CIDU) in line with the implementation of the “Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights” unanimously endorsed by the UN Human Rights Council in 2011. An ad hoc working group has been established, coordinated by CIDU and composed of representatives of several ministries and institutions, for the elaboration of the present Plan. Its contents have also emerged from wide consultations with experts, business representatives, trade unions and non-governmental organizations. In a spirit of sharing, the Plan has also been published online for public consultation from July 27 to September 10, which has allowed to enrich its contents with comments received from civil society and many other actors who had the opportunity to individually contribute. The Plan is an instrument to move towards the new needs of interaction between human rights and the economic dimension, in line with the “UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights”. This approach, which has received new force with the UN Agenda 2030 for Sustainable Development, sees Italy in the forefront as country committed to give its own contribution. In the framework of the Plan, promotion and respect for human rights - with particular consideration to the most vulnerable groups - are primary vehicles to rebalance the distortions and inefficiencies produced within the economic and productive contexts that have proved not to be efficient in this regard...
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Author: HRIC, ECCJ, Mani Tese, and FIDH
The purpose of the present contribution is to provide proposals that aim to introduce mandatory Human Rights Due Diligence (HRDD) and a higher degree of non-financial reporting into national legislation...In line with the planned measures and in order to overcome the national barriers for victims, We outline that:
- the Working Group to be set up…should include consultations with all the stakeholders…
- Italian law should define the level and extent of mandatory Human Rights Due Diligence required from corporations…[T]he parent company should be required prove that it has established and implemented effective Human Rights Due Diligence…
- in order to facilitate access to evidence in case of gross violations of human rights, the scope of Article 210 C.p.c. should be expanded in order to empower the judge to order the disclosure of information in the company’s possession…
- …‘Tribunale delle imprese’ should be competent for civil transnational claims for business-related human rights violations.
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Author: Italian Interministerial Committee for Human Rights
The NAP addresses the adverse impact that business may have on human rights and identifies specific commitments with the aim of effectively integrate UNGP sat national level and business activities. On a wider scope, it also addresses the need of facing the current global challenges with reference to competition and human rights in the context of the international market...With the aim of analysing specific matters related to the Italian context, the NAP mainly focuses on five priorities representing the business and human rights areas that NAP intends to address. The identification and selection of these areas has been made based on the UNGPs gaps analysis conducted in the National Baseline and the Study of University of Sant‟ Anna. The following priorities are subject to regular review and update by the Steering Group on Business and Human Rights:
- Promoting due diligence process with particular focus on SMEs;
- Promoting environmental protection and sustainability;
- Eliminating caporalato (especially in agricultural sector) and other forms of exploitation, forced labour, slavery and irregular work, with particular focus on migrants and victims of trafficking;
- The promotion of fundamental labour rights in the internationalization process of enterprises with particular regard to the global supply chain;
- Tackling discrimination and inequality and promoting equal opportunities;
- Strengthening the role of Italy in a human rights based international development cooperation.
Italy: Contribution to Natl. Action Plan recommends ways to overcome barriers to access to remedy in judicial system
Author: Marta Bordignon & Giacomo Maria Cremonesi, Human Rights Intl. Consultancy
"The UNGPs Third Pillar in the Italian Action Plan: an assessment of the existing NAPs and of the barriers to the Italian judicial system", Jan 2016
The present contribution to the Italian Action Plan aims at giving a comprehensive overview of the right of access to judicial remedy for victims of business-related human rights abuses. This document is divided in two sections. The first part will analyse the measures related to the Third Pillar included in the National Action Plans adopted so far. The second part will focus on the main categories of existing barriers to Italian judicial remedies and will analyze the possible solutions to overcome them by providing recommendations for feasible long and/or short-term legislative reforms.
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Author: Ministero degli Affari Esteri, Italia
L’ingresso degli UNGPs tra le priorità italiane rafforza la nostra convinzione, che vada estesa l’azione di human rights mainstreaming a tutti i livelli, riconoscendone sempre più la trasversalità, oltre a ribadire che, da un punto di vista soggettivo, specifica attenzione deve essere prestata alla “gender dimension” e più in generale alle categorie più vulnerabili, tra cui rilevano, a titolo esemplificativo, minori e persone con disabilità. Va da sé che non si possono pretermettere le diverse realtà, le diverse sensibilità e che un’attenzione particolare vada sempre più riservata ai I II diritti economici e sociali.
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