Italy releases revised National Action Plan on Business and Human Rights following mid-term review

Italy's National Action Plan on Business and Human Rights was published in December 2016. 

During the 2018 UN Forum on Business and Human Rights, Fabrizio Petri, the President of the Inter-ministerial Committee for Human Rights, announced the release of a revised NAP following a mid-term review.

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Article
+ Italiano - Hide

Author: Ministero degli Affari Esteri, Italia

L’ingresso degli UNGPs tra le priorità italiane rafforza la nostra convinzione, che vada estesa l’azione di human rights mainstreaming a tutti i livelli, riconoscendone sempre più la trasversalità, oltre a ribadire che, da un punto di vista soggettivo, specifica attenzione deve essere prestata alla “gender dimension” e più in generale alle categorie più vulnerabili, tra cui rilevano, a titolo esemplificativo, minori e persone con disabilità. Va da sé che non si possono pretermettere le diverse realtà, le diverse sensibilità e che un’attenzione particolare vada sempre più riservata ai I II diritti economici e sociali.

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Article
15 January 2016

Italy: Contribution to Natl. Action Plan recommends ways to overcome barriers to access to remedy in judicial system

Author: Marta Bordignon & Giacomo Maria Cremonesi, Human Rights Intl. Consultancy

"The UNGPs Third Pillar in the Italian Action Plan: an assessment of the existing NAPs and of the barriers to the Italian judicial system", Jan 2016

The present contribution to the Italian Action Plan aims at giving a comprehensive overview of the right of access to judicial remedy for victims of business-related human rights abuses. This document is divided in two sections. The first part will analyse the measures related to the Third Pillar included in the National Action Plans adopted so far. The second part will focus on the main categories of existing barriers to Italian judicial remedies and will analyze the possible solutions to overcome them by providing recommendations for feasible long and/or short-term legislative reforms.

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Article
28 July 2016

Italy: Natl. Action Plan on Business & Human Rights open for consultation

Author: Italian Interministerial Committee for Human Rights

The NAP addresses the adverse impact that business may have on human rights and identifies specific commitments with the aim of effectively integrate UNGP sat national level and business activities. On a wider scope, it also addresses the need of facing the current global challenges with reference to competition and human rights in the context of the international market...With the aim of analysing specific matters related to the Italian context, the NAP mainly focuses on five priorities  representing the business and human rights areas that NAP intends to address. The identification and selection of these areas has been made based on the UNGPs gaps analysis conducted in the National Baseline and the Study of University of Sant‟ Anna. The following priorities are subject to regular review and update by the Steering Group on Business and Human Rights:

  1. Promoting due diligence process with particular focus on SMEs;
  2. Promoting environmental protection and sustainability;
  3. Eliminating caporalato (especially in agricultural sector) and other forms of exploitation, forced labour, slavery and irregular work, with particular focus on migrants and victims of trafficking;
  4. The promotion of fundamental labour rights in the internationalization process of enterprises with particular regard to the global supply chain;
  5. Tackling discrimination and inequality and promoting equal opportunities;
  6. Strengthening the role of Italy in a human rights based international development cooperation.

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Article
16 September 2016

Italy: Civil society contribution to Natl. Action Plan emphasises importance of access to remedy

Author: HRIC, ECCJ, Mani Tese, and FIDH

The purpose of the present contribution is to provide proposals that aim to introduce mandatory Human Rights Due Diligence (HRDD) and a higher degree of non-financial reporting into national legislation...In line with the planned measures and in order to overcome the national barriers for victims, We outline that:

  1. the Working Group to be set up…should include consultations with all the stakeholders…
  2. Italian law should define the level and extent of mandatory Human Rights Due Diligence required from corporations…[T]he parent company should be required prove that it has established and implemented effective Human Rights Due Diligence…
  3. in order to facilitate access to evidence in case of gross violations of human rights, the scope of Article 210 C.p.c. should be expanded in order to empower the judge to order the disclosure of information in the company’s possession…
  4. …‘Tribunale delle imprese’ should be competent for civil transnational claims for business-related human rights violations.

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Item
19 December 2016

Italian National Action Plan on Business and Human Rights: English version

Author: Government of Italy, Ministry of Foreign Affairs

...The Plan for 2016-2021 is the final achievement of a multi-faceted activity of the Inter-ministerial Committee for Human Rights (CIDU) in line with the implementation of the “Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights” unanimously endorsed by the UN Human Rights Council in 2011. An ad hoc working group has been established, coordinated by CIDU and composed of representatives of several ministries and institutions, for the elaboration of the present Plan. Its contents have also emerged from wide consultations with experts, business representatives, trade unions and non-governmental organizations. In a spirit of sharing, the Plan has also been published online for public consultation from July 27 to September 10, which has allowed to enrich its contents with comments received from civil society and many other actors who had the opportunity to individually contribute. The Plan is an instrument to move towards the new needs of interaction between human rights and the economic dimension, in line with the “UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights”. This approach, which has received new force with the UN Agenda 2030 for Sustainable Development, sees Italy in the forefront as country committed to give its own contribution. In the framework of the Plan, promotion and respect for human rights - with particular consideration to the most vulnerable groups - are primary vehicles to rebalance the distortions and inefficiencies produced within the economic and productive contexts that have proved not to be efficient in this regard...

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Article
6 June 2017

Commentary on Italian Natl. Action Plan welcomes call for human rights due diligence by small & medium sized companies in weak governance zones

Author: Human Rights International Corner

...Besides the already-mentioned necessity to promote due diligence process for Small and Medium Enterprises - that represent the majority of Italian enterprises - the text also highlights that need for companies operating in «weak governance zones» to apply HRDD throughout their supply chains, in light of the EU Regulation on conflict minerals approved on March 2017 (pag 23, Part IV B - NAP English version). Furthermore, a number of measures tackling irregular work and caporalato, especially in the agricultural sector, are listed (pag. 15-16, Part IV B – NAP English version). Nevertheless, these are mainly aimed at preventing and repressing these phenomena, whilst the victims are less safeguarded and protected, in particular irregular migrants. Finally, regarding the provision of training activities on Human Rights through e-learning schemes and ad hoc seminars – directed to diplomatic and consular network, competent Government and public officials, judges and lawyers – one more time HRIC expresses its availability to take care and carry on this kind of initiatives, thanks to the multidisciplinary expertise of its members...

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Article
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Author: Human Rights International Corner

...Riguardo poi alle Aspettative del Governo nei confronti delle Imprese(pag. 9, Parte III - versione italiana del PAN), HRIC accoglie favorevolmente il recepimento da parte del Governo italiano della Direttiva Europea sul Non-Financial Reporting, con il decreto legislativo 254/2016 (pubblicato in Gazzetta Ufficiale il 25 gennaio 2017) che prevede l’obbligo per le imprese (con più di 500 dipendenti o che abbiano superato i 20.000.000 euro di stato patrimoniale o i 40.000.000 euro di ricavi netti) di pubblicare annualmente un rapporto sull’attività non-finanziaria. Di particolare rilevanza la serie di attività in corso elencate in merito ai diversi aspetti affrontati nei Principi Guida ONU, così come le misure che verranno attuate in futuro e che vengono chiaramente individuate dal PAN(pag. 10 e ss., Parte IV - versione italiana del PAN). Oltre ai già richiamati riferimenti alla necessità di promuovere l’adozione da parte delle imprese di un processo di HRDD, anche per le piccole e medie imprese (PMI) che rappresentano la maggior parte del tessuto industriale italiano e che affrontano problematiche specifiche in merito all’adempimento della normativa relativa ai diritti umani, risulta interessante il richiamo all’applicazione di un processo di Due Diligence lungo tutta la catena di fornitura per imprese che operano in «zone a governance debole», in particolare alla luce del Regolamento Europeo approvato nel marzo 2017 riguardante l’attività delle imprese europee nel settore dei conflict minerals e che entrerà in vigore nel 2021 (pag. 24, Parte IV B – versione italiana PAN)...

 

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Report
25 July 2017

Briefing: The Italian legal framework against labour exploitation

Author: Associazione per gli Studi Giuridici sull'Immigrazione; Human Rights Intl. Corner: Maria Francesca Cucchiara and Anna Baracchi, edited by Paola Cavanna with the contribution of Francesca Nicodemi and Marco Paggi

This briefing summarizes the existing legal framework on labour exploitation under Italian law.The briefing provides a legal assessment of regulatory measures that specifically target undocumented migrants being subject to labour exploitation.

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Article
25 July 2017

Italy: Overview on Legislative Decree 231/2001 and its implications in relation to business and human rights

Author: Human Rights International Corner

Among the planned measures of the Italian NAP on Business and Human Rights, there is the commitment to “conduct a comprehensive study of the Law 231/2001 in order to evaluate potential extension of the scope and application of the administrative liability of legal entities".

Maria Francesca Cucchiara and Giacomo Maria Cremonesi from HRIC provided an overview on the Law and its eventual implications in relation to B&HR violations.

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Article
27 July 2017

Labour exploitation in the (Italian) agri-food sector

Author: Dr. Paola Cavanna, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore

The European Union promotes sustainable development, free and fair trade and intends to protect human rights. Yet, evidence of people treated as ‘disposable commodities’ abounds across Europe, in particular in the agri-food sector: see the case of Thai berry pickers unpaid for most of their seasonal work in SwedenBangladeshi workers trafficked to Greece and forced to work at the main strawberry farm in Manoladaundocumented migrants exploited in the Dutch mushroom industry.

Several research projects have denounced the exploitative working conditions to which migrants are subjected all over Italy: irregular employment, sub-minimum wages (ranging from 25 to 30 euro per day), excessively long working hours (typically from 6 am to 10 pm) not compensated by overtime pay, lack of workplace health and safety, occupational diseases and no access to basic medical aid, shameful living and hygiene conditions...

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