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Japan: Bar Association urges gov't to ensure NAP is based on int. standards


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 The Bar Association has published a set of recommendations for the government in preparing the National Action Plan for Business and Human Rights (NAP). Japan announced in November 2016 that they would prepare a NAP: however, there has been no subsequent information regarding any progress, or any plans for consultation with civil society and other stakeholders.   

The Bar Association recommends that the government include measures on the following priority areas  (English translation of summary, produced by Business & Human Rights Resource Centre):

 1. Concrete measures aimed at strengthening the understanding of the government and companies on the following:

(1) Main standards of international human rights and labour rights (ILO standards); (2) Any possible negative impacts of business operations on human rights, the environment, corruption etc. in developing countries and throughout the supply chain; (3) Any possible negative impacts of business operations on human rights, the environment, corruption etc. in Japan. 

2. Heightened incorporation of human rights standards in business operations related to the government, including the following:

(1) Public procurement; (2) Development finance; (3) Treaties and other agreements regarding finance or trade.

3. Measures on business and human rights, including the following, regarding companies that are subject to Japanese laws and regulations:

(1) Official guidelines on human rights due diligence and grievance mechanisms for companies; (2) Obligations for companies over a certain size to disclose non-financial information regarding management of human rights risks in the supply chain; (3) Strengthening of ‘whistle blower’ protection, including expansion of categories of cases covered by such protection; (4) Official assistance to small and medium size enterprises for strengthening human rights, such as training, consultation services, and the referral of expert assistance.  

4. Strengthening of access to judicial and non-judicial remedies for victims of human rights violations caused by business operations, especially victims living outside of Japan.  



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Author: 日本弁護士連合会


1 以下に掲げる事項についての政府及び企業の認識と理解を向上させるための具体的な措置
(1) 主要な国際人権法及び国際労働機関(ILO)における基準
(2) 企業活動が新興国・途上国やサプライチェーンにおいて発生させる可能性のある、人権、環境、汚職などの負の影響
(3) 企業活動が日本国内において発生させる可能性のある、人権、環境、汚職などの負の影響

2 以下に掲げる分野を含む、政府が関与する企業活動における人権基準の組み入れと強化
(1) 公共調達
(2) 開発金融
(3) 投資及び貿易に関する条約及び協定

3 以下に掲げる措置を含む、日本の法令が適用される企業に対するビジネスと人権のための施策
(1) 企業の人権デュー・ディリジェンスの実施及び苦情処理機関設置に関する公的ガイドラインの策定
(2) 一定規模以上の企業に対する、サプライチェーンを通じた人権に関するリスクの管理状況などの非財務情報開示の義務付け
(3) 公益通報制度の通報対象及び保護措置の拡充
(4) 中小企業等の人権尊重の取組を支援するための研修、相談窓口、専門家紹介などの公的支援制度の整備

4 企業活動がもたらす人権侵害の被害者、とりわけ国外における人権侵害の被害者に関する、司法的及び非司法的な救済へのアクセスの拡充

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