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Latest news on COP25 climate discussions

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Article
4 December 2019

Amnesty Intl. issues recommendations to States on steps to protect human rights at COP25

Author: Amnesty International

As parties to the 25th Conference of the Parties of the United National Framework Convention on Climate Change prepare to gather in Madrid between 2-13 December 2019, Amnesty International is calling on them to take the bold cooperative measures that are needed to make meaningful progress in protecting human rights in the face of the climate crisis. The document outlines why climate change is a global human rights emergency and provides recommendations for states to consider during the negotiations.

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Article
2 December 2019

3 components to ensure protection of human rights under Paris Agreement's carbon market mechanisms

Author: Center for International Environmental Law

"Integrating Human Rights in the Modalities Related to Carbon Markets Established under Article 6 of the Paris Agreement", 2 Dec 2019

Article 6 of the Paris Agreement establishes cooperative approaches in the form of market and non-market mechanisms and approaches to achieve the goals of the Agreement.... If designed correctly, all three could help countries meet their individual climate commitments and help contribute to an overall reduction in emissions and meeting the global goal of keeping temperature rise to no more than 1.5 degrees Celsius. However, if designed poorly, these approaches could not only contribute to rising emissions, but also could cause significant environmental and social harm and human rights violations. Ensuring the respect for and protection of human rights in Article 6 activities is therefore critical. Preserving human rights in Article 6 activities includes three key components: social and environmental safeguards, public participation, and an independent grievance redress mechanism/process.  

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Article
2 December 2019

Center for Intl. Environmental Law sets out how to integrate human rights into climate action at COP25 negotiations

Author: Center for International Environmental Law

"COP-25 Briefing Note Integrating Human Rights in Climate Action", 2 Dec 2019

Decades of insufficient climate action has led to the increase in greenhouse gas concentrations which has resulted in what has been described as an unprecedented threat for human rights. Nevertheless, human rights are often ignored in climate responses, leading to ineffective policies and further harm to those impacted, particularly for local communities and indigenous peoples. Governments must take urgent action to effectively mitigate climate change and place human rights at the core of their climate policies to uphold their existing human rights obligations. This briefing note explores opportunities arising from the agenda of the conference for the UNFCCC Parties to promote human rights at COP-25.

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Article
2 December 2019

Open letter from UN High Commissioner for Human Rights calls on States at COP25 to ensure climate actions respect human rights

Author: Michelle Bachelet, UN High Commissioner for Human Rights

I call on States to be mindful of their commitment to respect, promote and consider their respective human rights obligations when taking climate action  to 1) renew and revise their nationally determined contributions (NDCs), 2) develop the rules for implementation of article 6 of the Paris Agreement and 3) address loss and damage [addressing the harms of climate change in an equitable manner].

I urge you to negotiate guidelines [under article 6] that are consistent with fundamental human rights....We have seen that projects are better designed and more sustainable when affected people, local communities and indigenous peoples are consulted, and safeguards and accountability mechanisms are in place.

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Article
4 November 2019

Chile pulls out of hosting COP25 climate talks amid civil unrest

Author: Karl Mathiesen and Chloé Farand, Climate Home News

Chile’s president Sebastian Piñera announced the country would not host the upcoming Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (Apec) meeting or the Cop25 climate talks on [30 October]... UN Climate Change said they were “currently exploring alternative hosting options”...[T]he Chilean government said it would continue to preside over the Cop25 negotiations until it passes on the baton to the UK ahead of next year’s meeting...  A state of emergency was declared in Chile [in October 2019] after... [p]rotesters denouncing social inequality and the privatisation of social services were met with violent repression by Chilean police and armed forces. Last week, CHN reported that 18 people had been killed in the violence... UN high commissioner for human rights and former Chilean president Michelle Bachelet said she would investigate allegations of human rights violationsThe climate talks... had already been moved once after Brazilian president Jair Bolsonaro withdrew Brazil as host.

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