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Article
10 December 2019

World Benchmarking Alliance ranks 25 automotive companies on climate & energy

Author: World Benchmarking Alliance

The Automotive Benchmark measures and ranks the world’s leading auto manufacturers. Will they meet the below 2°C warming limit goal set by the Paris Agreement? Are they doing what’s necessary to move to a low carbon economy?

This benchmark shows that the 25 auto manufacturers are not on track to meet the goal set by the Paris Agreement. We see that most companies have a low carbon vehicle, but there is very little investment in this market.

  • 24 of the companies measured realise over 90% of their sales from high emission vehicles. They need to set targets and plan the transition to low carbon models.
  • Companies need to make more electric or low carbon cars and commit to new technologies. For most of the companies benchmarked, low carbon vehicles account for only 1% of sales annually.
  • The automotive industry is renowned for its high profile marketing campaigns. Unfortunately, this influence is not being used to actively shift consumer choice away from high emission vehicles.  Only half the companies benchmarked showed some discernible effort in this area.
  • There is an industry-wide reluctance to publicly commit to a positive, transparent and proactive approach to climate policy. In fact some companies actively lobby against climate-positive legislation.
  • Auto manufacturers have a huge business opportunity. By building new models and creating new modes of transport for tomorrow’s world, the low carbon economy.

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Article
9 December 2019

Chile: Groups launch alternative climate event focusing on access to water & climate justice

Author: Sandra Cuffe, Aljazeera

"Chile groups launch alternative climate event despite COP25 move", 2 December 2019

More than 100 environmental organisations launched their parallel conference in Chile's capital Santiago on Monday, day one of the official COP25 conference in Madrid... Residents of drought-impacted communities and other grassroots groups held a protest... that has become the epicentre of demonstrations in Santiago against inequality and injustice over the past six weeks... "The UN says that water is a human right. But that has never existed here." [says Barbara Astudillo, protestor] ...Access to water and land have always been the central issues for Modatima, the Movement for the Defence of Access to Water, Land and Environmental Protection, according to Rodrigo Mundaca, the movement's spokesperson. Water was privatised during the 1973-1990 military dictatorship of General Augusto Pinochet and Modatima has been fighting for the right to water ever since... "The social crisis is also an ecological crisis," Civil Society for Climate Action notes on its announcement of the ten-day gathering in Santiago... [Eduardo Acuna] came to the protest downtown Monday from just north of Santiago, where he and other residents are organising to push for official designation of local wetlands as a protected area. "Millions of people have marched, including in this Plaza of Dignity... We want environmental justice." [said Acuna].

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Author: Felix Gouty, Journal du Geek

À l’occasion de la COP 25, conférence sur le climat organisée en ce moment à Madrid, des ONG s’unissent pour révéler les détails du financement de l’industrie du charbon, l’une des principales sources de pollution et d’émissions de gaz à effet de serre au monde.

Entre les années 2017 et 2019, 258 entreprises responsables d’usines et centrales thermiques à charbon auraient été financées, d’une façon ou d’une autre, par divers investissements bancaires à travers le monde à hauteur de 745 milliards de dollars...

Les trois banques représentant les plus importantes sources de financement de cette industrie sont japonaises : Mizuho, Mitsubishi UFJ Financial Group et Sumitomo Mitsui Banking Corporation. La banque française BNP Paribas serait le 22e plus gros financeur au monde de l’industrie du charbon sur ces trois dernières années. Elle aurait accordé l’équivalent de 8,8 milliards de dollars aux entreprises du secteur. Pourtant, celle-ci affirme avoir cessé de financer des projets de centrale à charbon depuis 2017...Les associations ne s’arrêtent pas seulement aux banques : en 2019, elles affirment que près de 2000 investisseurs institutionnels individuels détenaient 276 milliards de titres en lien avec l’industrie du charbon. Les ONG sont surtout indignées par le double discours de certaines banques. Le groupe financier espagnol Santander, qui sponsorise la tenue de la COP 25 actuellement à Madrid, aurait financé des projets d’installation d’unités de production en Pologne pour environ 655 millions de dollars. 

 

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Article
9 December 2019

UN High Commissioner of Human Rights attends climate justice & human rights events at COP25

Author: OHCHR

The following list is the public events in which the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights will participate at COP 25 on 9 & 10 December, 2019:

Monday, 9 December 2019

Time

Title

Venue

9.30-10.00

Launching of joint ECLAC/OHCHR publication:

“Climate change and human rights: contributions by and for Latin America and the Caribbean”

Euroclima+ Pavilion

10.30 – 12.00

The business and human rights dimension of climate change: addressing access to remedy

Euroclima + Pavilion, Room Brussels

12.30 – 13.30

Voices of the Youth: Claiming, Achieving and Advancing Climate Justice in the Pacific

Moana Blue Pacific Pavilion

13.15 – 14.45

“We Dare”: Children and Youth vs Climate Change

Torres del Paine, Hall 4

18.30 – 20.00

Realizing the right to participate: Empowering people as agents of more effective climate action

Side Event Room 6, Hall 4

 

Tuesday 10 December

Time

Title

Venue

12.00 – 13.30

Generation Equality: Promoting women’s leadership for environmental sustainability

French Pavilion

14.00- 15.00

Highlighting resources and good practices for integrating human rights in climate action

Meeting Room 5, Hall 9

 

Article
6 December 2019

Latin American environmental & human rights organizations call for climate justice

Author: Coalition of Climate Justice Movements

"COP25, social movements and climate justice", 2 December 2019

A gathering in Chile [on 26-28 September] brought together frontline defenders to discuss...a just energy transition from the mining extractivist model that is killing Chileans and people all over the global South... We consider... national and transnational companies and governments... [are] responsible for [the] environmental breakdown due to their extractive activities... [P]eoples, communities and organisations that resist these extractive activities – in defence of life, water and territories – are stigmatised, repressed, criminalised and murdered... [E]xtractivist companies... engage in widespread corruption, eliminating trust in public institutions and the functioning of the judicial system... COPs have failed to provide real solutions to address climate injustice and inequality caused by predatory extractivism... We will fight... [t]strengthen and respect the autonomy of communities and their organisations to define solutions... [and to ensure] mining companies... are fully liable for mine-closure processes, and that integral repair of the territory arises from collective and participatory processes...

[Signatories include Latin American Observatory of Environmental Conflicts (OLCA), the Observatory of Mining Conflicts of Latin America (OCMAL) together with War on Want and Mining Watch Canada, and 21 other organisations)

 

 

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Author: Béatrice Héraud, Novethic.fr (copyright: www.novethic.fr)

« Neutralité carbone, échanges d'émissions, alignement sur 1,5°C...Les entreprises attendent de la visibilité à la COP25 », 5 décembre 2019

La COP25, qui se tient à Madrid du 2 au 13 décembre, est technique. Celle-ci doit préparer la relève générale de l’ambition des pays participants, ainsi qu’à la définition des mécanismes de coopération internationale volontaire. Les entreprises scrutent de près les discussions en cours car elles vont définir les nouvelles règles du jeu climatique qui influeront leur business...[Lire la suite : https://www.novethic.fr/actualite/entreprise-responsable/isr-rse/climat-que-peuvent-attendre-les-entreprises-de-la-cop25-147969.html]

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Article
4 December 2019

Amnesty Intl. issues recommendations to States on steps to protect human rights at COP25

Author: Amnesty International

As parties to the 25th Conference of the Parties of the United National Framework Convention on Climate Change prepare to gather in Madrid between 2-13 December 2019, Amnesty International is calling on them to take the bold cooperative measures that are needed to make meaningful progress in protecting human rights in the face of the climate crisis. The document outlines why climate change is a global human rights emergency and provides recommendations for states to consider during the negotiations.

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Author: Léa Faure, ITSocial

Plusieurs grandes entreprises technologiques américaines ont signé une lettre commune adressée à la Maison Blanche demandant que les États-Unis restent dans l’Accord de Paris pour le climat. La liste inclut des entreprises majeures comme Apple, Adobe, Google, Hewlett Packard, Microsoft et Tesla. Dans la lettre, ces sociétés demandent au gouvernement américain de continuer à participer à l’effort mondial contre le changement climatique. Elles ont aussi précisé que la participation des États-Unis aiderait le pays à développer de nouvelles technologies qui participeront à un futur respectueux de l’environnement...

La lettre n’est pas contraignante pour le gouvernement américain, d’autant plus que les signataires n'attendent pas un retour positif, étant donné que ce dernier s’est toujours opposé aux initiatives visant à protéger l’environnement et le climat. Néanmoins, ces entreprises comptent mettre plus de pression sur les conservateurs pour qu’ils changent leur discours.

Même si la liste d’entreprises signataires de la lettre comprend plusieurs grandes firmes, un certain nombre de leurs pairs n’y ont pas participé. C’est le cas de Facebook et Amazon. La première a déjà pris de son côté des engagements environnementaux très ambitieux en visant l’utilisation exclusive d’énergie renouvelable pour ses activités au niveau mondial. De son côté, Amazon de Jeff Bezos est souvent critiquée pour sa prise de position médiocre à l’encontre du respect de l’environnement...Plusieurs opérateurs de réseau américains sont aussi absents de la liste, notamment Verizon, qui a déjà soutenu l’Accord de Paris, mais aussi AT&T, T-Mobile et Sprint.

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Article
2 December 2019

3 components to ensure protection of human rights under Paris Agreement's carbon market mechanisms

Author: Center for International Environmental Law

"Integrating Human Rights in the Modalities Related to Carbon Markets Established under Article 6 of the Paris Agreement", 2 Dec 2019

Article 6 of the Paris Agreement establishes cooperative approaches in the form of market and non-market mechanisms and approaches to achieve the goals of the Agreement.... If designed correctly, all three could help countries meet their individual climate commitments and help contribute to an overall reduction in emissions and meeting the global goal of keeping temperature rise to no more than 1.5 degrees Celsius. However, if designed poorly, these approaches could not only contribute to rising emissions, but also could cause significant environmental and social harm and human rights violations. Ensuring the respect for and protection of human rights in Article 6 activities is therefore critical. Preserving human rights in Article 6 activities includes three key components: social and environmental safeguards, public participation, and an independent grievance redress mechanism/process.  

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Article
2 December 2019

Center for Intl. Environmental Law sets out how to integrate human rights into climate action at COP25 negotiations

Author: Center for International Environmental Law

"COP-25 Briefing Note Integrating Human Rights in Climate Action", 2 Dec 2019

Decades of insufficient climate action has led to the increase in greenhouse gas concentrations which has resulted in what has been described as an unprecedented threat for human rights. Nevertheless, human rights are often ignored in climate responses, leading to ineffective policies and further harm to those impacted, particularly for local communities and indigenous peoples. Governments must take urgent action to effectively mitigate climate change and place human rights at the core of their climate policies to uphold their existing human rights obligations. This briefing note explores opportunities arising from the agenda of the conference for the UNFCCC Parties to promote human rights at COP-25.

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