Brazil: Federal Supreme Court ruling does not adopt time limit thesis on indigenous demarcations & contributes to protecting traditional peoples lands
On August 16, the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court, in a very important ruling, did adopt time limit thesis on indigenous demarcations. This thesis proposes "to halt any demarcations of land on which indigenous people were not living before October 5, 1988 - when Brazil's current constitution took effect". It has been defended by President Temer, agrobusiness, farmers and other groups who often oppose indigenous peoples rights.
The Supreme Court decision contributes to protecting indigenous and quilombolas (communities of runway slaves) lands. Indigenous movements, human rights NGOs, academics, and many others feared that the decision would support agrobusiness interests and jeopardized the rights of these peoples. But fortunately the Court decided in favour of indigenous and quilombolas.