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China adopts cyber security law in face of overseas opposition

China adopted a controversial cyber security law… to counter what Beijing says are growing threats such as hacking and terrorism…set to take effect in June 2017…Overseas critics of the law say it threatens to shut foreign technology companies out of various sectors deemed "critical", and includes contentious requirements for security reviews and for data to be stored on servers in China…

More than 40 global business groups petitioned Chinese Premier Li Keqiang in August, urging Beijing to amend what they said were controversial sections of the law. Chinese officials have said it would not interfere with foreign business interests.

Contentious provisions remained in the final draft issued by the parliament, including requirements for "critical information infrastructure operators" to store personal information and important business data in China, provide unspecified "technical support" to security agencies, and pass national security reviews …

James Zimmerman, chairman of the American Chamber of Commerce in China, called the provisions "vague, ambiguous, and subject to broad interpretation by regulatory authorities." Human Rights Watch said elements of the law, such as criminalizing the use of the Internet to "damage national unity", would further restrict online freedom…

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