German civil society campaign publishes legal opinion on possible mandatory human rights & environmental due diligence law
Note: This is an unofficial summary translation by Business & Human Rights Resource Centre (attached). The full legal opinion is available here (in German).
The legal opinion of the “Initiative Lieferkettengesetz” shows how [the] key features which are essential to a supply chain law can be transposed into the German legal system:
- A supply chain law would [...] enshrine the principle of due diligence, commensurate with the severity of the (potential) human rights abuse and the company’s size. Companies will only be liable if they, on account of a lack of due care, cause or contribute to damages they could have otherwise foreseen and avoided.
- ...Extending the scope of tort as it relates to human rights is therefore necessary.
- Human and environmental damages are often closely linked. Environmental damages often also result in the abuse of ... human rights...
The “Initiative Lieferkettengesetz” places great importance on aligning a supply chain law with existing principles under German law... [An] effective supply chain law should also establish civil liability of companies before German courts. Without this, a supply chain law would be of little use to people affected by human rights abuse... This [opinion] also makes suggestions as to how provisions under public procurement law and foreign trade promotion can encourage observance of due diligence requirements.