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31 Jan 2024

Climate Rights International

Indonesia: Report documents environmental & human rights impacts of nickel plants & mines in Halmahera

"Nickel Unearthed: The Human and Climate Costs of Indonesia's Nickel Industry", January 2024


This report documents the environmental and human impacts of IWIP, a huge nickel smelting and processing project, and surrounding nickel mines in Halmahera. The construction and operation of IWIP and upstream nickel mining has devastated the lives of many Indigenous Peoples and other rural community members, like Max and Maklon, and caused significant harms to the local environment and global climate. 

Climate Rights International interviewed 45 people living near nickel mining and smelting operations who described serious threats to their land rights, rights to practice their traditional ways of life, right to access clean water, and right to health due to the mining and smelting activities at IWIP and nearby nickel mining areas. Some companies, in coordination with Indonesian police and military personnel, have engaged in land grabbing, coercion, and intimidation of Indigenous Peoples and other communities, who are experiencing serious and potentially existential threats to their traditional ways of life.