Italy: Indian migrant workers struggle against exploitation & abusive conditions in food & farming sector
"'An employer? No, we have a master': the Sikhs secretly exploited in Italy", 22 Dec 2017
...[I]n a country where justice moves at a glacial pace, abused migrant workers have scant incentive to come forward...
According to labour unions and community leaders, Italy’s largely hidden community of Sikh migrant workers [...] are increasingly vulnerable to exploitation and intimidation in some of Italy’s biggest food-producing regions.
Corruption and organised crime extend their tentacles throughout Italy’s food and farming sector, making an estimated €21.8bn (£19.3bn) in illegal profits from this area alone in 2016... [M]any workers rely on unofficial gangmasters to find jobs... They are expected to work for far less than the official minimum wage...
Since... 2016, there has been a dramatic increase in the number of workers who [...] report their employers to the authorities... Yet the initial momentum has slowed, he says, partly because of the drawn-out pace of the Italian legal system, which is dissuading others from reporting their employers.
In October 2016, the Italian parliament passed a new law designed to deter gangmasters from recruiting and controlling seasonal workers. Police controls in the area increased, yet the police admit they are not making sufficient progress.