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Paper assesses impact of US Supreme Court Kiobel decision on transnational litigation of corporate human rights abuses since 2013

"Transnational Human Rights Litigations.  Kiobel's Touch and Concern: A Test under Construction", 14 Apr 2016

[T]he object of this article is to analyze the test created by the Supreme Court of the United States in Kiobel, the "Touch and Concern Test" and the post Kiobel jurisprudence of the District Courts and the different Circuits on this field in the last three years...[The] Court has decided to allow Federal Courts to continue working and assessing a safe path that will define the future of the [Alien Tort Claims Act] ATCA and its applicability in cases on international violations perpetrated by individuals and companies outside the United States...[T]he touch and concern test...establishes the applicability of the...[ATCA]...in cases where there is a connection between the conduct and the U.S. Territory. The Supreme Court, with this test..has not clarified the real content of the connections established in it...Federal Courts must examine the facts, case by case, to see if they touch and concern sufficiently the U.S. territory, because touch and concern with sufficient force means domestic conduct or conduct within the United States that violates international law...[Refers to Arab Bank, Chevron, Chiquita, Cisco Systems, Daimler, ExxonMobil, Ford, Nestlé, Rio Tinto, Shell, Sinopec]