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[PDF] Commerce, Crime and Conflict: Legal Remedies for Private Sector Liability for Grave Breaches of International Law - A Survey of Sixteen Countries

The result is that the global trading system has outstripped the ability off our multilateral institutions to respond effectively to the economic dimensions of human rights abuse and armed conflict. Although victims...have increasingly resorted to the courts in attempts to seek redress from the abuses resulting from the links between economic actors, wars and dictatorship, there remains a climate of impunity surrounding economic activities that promote or sustain conflict and human rights abuse and a resulting lack of regulatory clarity as to what might constitute real liabilities in such situations. This report is one attempt to address these problems. [report covers the following countries: Australia, Argentina, Belgium, Canada, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Japan, the Netherlands, Norway, South Africa, Spain, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States]