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13 Sep 2023


Peru: Report assesses impacts of Repsol spill on the rights of the population in Ventanilla

"Ecological disaster: report reveals devastating human rights impact of REPSOL oil spill in Peru", 13 September 2023

...The January 2022 oil spill by Spanish multinational REPSOL off the coast of Lima caused severe damage to the marine and terrestrial ecosystem...

...[T]he REPSOL oil spill resulted in the loss of more than 1,850 species of wildlife, including several considered endangered.

The research, published by CooperAcción, the Centre for Public Policy and Human Rights (Peru EQUIDAD), EarthRights International (ERI), and supported by the International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH), is based on an analysis of the impact of the spill on the lives and economic, social, cultural and environmental rights of the affected populations in the area.

The report highlights the importance and need for a comprehensive and adequate response by REPSOL and the state authorities in charge of managing this socio-environmental crisis...Another of the report’s recommendations is that the Spanish State should comply with its extraterritorial responsibilities in the area of human rights, collaborating with the relevant entities through the application of corporate due diligence guidelines.

The report highlights the need to move towards greater and better regulation of business activity with regard to human rights through the adoption of a regulatory framework that safeguards human rights and the environment at all times.

...More than 11,000 barrels of oil were spilled on the coast of the district of Ventanilla, in the Constitutional Province of Callao. 18,000 square metres of area were affected. According to the report, the hiring of inexperienced and unprotected personnel to carry out the clean-up work caused health problems for the workers. In addition, the ineffectiveness of the actions taken caused the oil to flow back into the sea due to the tides.

...Fishing and tourism activities, key sources of employment for the coastal communities, were severely affected. Despite initial efforts, both REPSOL and state authorities have failed to provide adequate and sustainable solutions to address the social and economic consequences of the spill...