Madagascar: Investigation finds children as young as four mining mica for electronics and automotive industries

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Author: NBC News

[此中文翻譯由企業責任資源中心提供]

“'紅色胭脂':一群在非洲地雷中辛勤工作的兒童”,2019年11月18日

雲母...因在不過熱的情況下能夠傳遞電力的能力而在電子和汽車領域得到認可...

...在馬達加斯加...雲母在該國不堪的南部由工人人手採掘... NBC新聞與... 特雷·德·霍姆斯(Terre des Hommes)一起實地了解...目睹數十名兒童以及其他家庭成員在不受監管且通風不良的雲母坑和加工中心工作...

… 一張圖片顯示4歲的孩子經常在危險的條件下從事長時間的勞動密集型工作…

...公司將礦物碎片變成零件,最終出現在由松下(Panasonic),Electrolock和CRRC等公司銷售的產品...

... CCRC ...說... [他們]不知道他們火車上使用的雲母是兒童開采的。 “我們必須與供應商做一些調查,” ...

...Electrolock...說,[他們]正在聯繫其供應商以解決此問題。

松下表示,其供應鏈指南“明確禁止使用童工,並要求供應商以尊嚴和尊重的態度對待所有工人…” ...

...幾家主要的美國公司都依賴雲母片...其中三家公司-聯合航空,Isovolta和阿拉斯加航空-沒有回應置評請求...

福特表示將定期與其供應商進行溝通,以“監控雲母的負責任採購”。

Fiat-Chrysler表示,它“與全球利益相關者共同採取行動,以促進和發展我們的原材料供應鏈。”

維珍航空表示,它要求供應商遵守包括...“不使用定義為15歲以下的任何人的童工”的標準。

波音公司承認,供應商可能“在製造過程的早期就將礦物摻入零部件中”,但波音公司表示,希望供應商遵守其關於基本工作條件和人權的政策。

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Author: NBC News

[此中文翻译由企业责任资源中心提供]

 “'红色胭脂':一群在非洲地雷中辛勤工作的儿童”,2019年11月18日

云母...因在不过热的情况下能够传递电力的能力而在电子和汽车领域得到认可...

...在马达加斯加...云母在该国不堪的南部由工人人手采掘... NBC新闻与... 特雷·德·霍姆斯(Terre des Hommes)一起实地了解...目睹数十名儿童以及其他家庭成员在不受监管且通风不良的云母坑和加工中心工作...

… 一张图片显示4岁的孩子经常在危险的条件下从事长时间的劳动密集型工作…

...公司将矿物碎片变成零件,最终出现在由松下(Panasonic),Electrolock和CRRC等公司销售的产品...

... CCRC ...说... [他们]不知道他们火车上使用的云母是儿童开采的。 “我们必须与供应商做一些调查,” ...

...Electrolock...说,[他们]正在联系其供应商以解决此问题。

松下表示,其供应链指南“明确禁止使用童工,并要求供应商以尊严和尊重的态度对待所有工人…” ...

...几家主要的美国公司都依赖云母片...其中三家公司-联合航空,Isovolta和阿拉斯加航空-没有回应置评请求...

福特表示将定期与其供应商进行沟通,以“监控云母的负责任采购”。

Fiat-Chrysler表示,它“与全球利益相关者共同采取行动,以促进和发展我们的原材料供应链。”

维珍航空表示,它要求供应商遵守包括...“不使用定义为15岁以下的任何人的童工”的标准。

波音公司承认,供应商可能“在制造过程的早期就将矿物掺入零部件中”,但波音公司表示,希望供应商遵守其关于基本工作条件和人权的政策。

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Article
19 November 2019

Madagascar: Investigation finds children as young as four mining mica for electronics and automotive industries

Author: Lisa Cavazuti, Christine Romo, Cynthia McFadden & Rich Schapiro, NBC News

"'Zone Rouge': An army of children toils in African mines", 18 November 2019

Mica...is...prized in the electronics and automotive worlds due to its ability to transmit electric force without overheating...

...In Madagascar...it’s mined by hand in a cluster of sites in the country’s rugged south...NBC News traveled...with...Terre des Hommes and witnessed scores of children working in unregulated and poorly-ventilated mica pits, as well as processing centers, alongside other family members...

...a picture emerges of children as young as 4 years old performing long hours of labor-intensive work in often dangerous conditions...

...firms turn the mineral shards into component parts that end up in products sold by such companies as Panasonic, Electrolock and CRRC...

...CCRC...said...[they] had no idea mica used in their trains were mined by children. “We have to do some investigation with our suppliers,”...

...Electrolock...said...[they were] reaching out to its supplier to pursue the issue.

Panasonic said its supply chain guidelines “expressly prohibits the use of child labor and require suppliers to treat all workers with dignity and respect...”...

... Several major American companies depend on sheet mica...Three of the companies — United Airlines, Isovolta and Alaska Airlines  — didn’t respond to requests for comment...

...Ford said it regularly communicates with its suppliers to “monitor the responsible sourcing of mica.”...

...Fiat-Chrysler said it “engages in collaborative action with global stakeholders...to promote and develop our raw material supply chain.”

Virgin Atlantic said it asks its suppliers to comply with standards that include...“not using child labor defined as anyone under 15 years of age.”

Boeing acknowledged that suppliers may “incorporate minerals into components at an early stage of their manufacturing process,” but said it expects the suppliers to comply with its policies on basic working conditions and human rights.

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