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Mexico: China Communications Construction Company and Mota-Engil win Mayan Train contract

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Article
28 July 2020

Mexico: Civil organisations and local communities raise concerns environmental impacts and lack of transparency of Chinese-backed Mayan train project

Author: Dialogo Chino

“Chinese-backed Mayan train chugs ahead despite environmental fears”, 24 July 2020

… it was announced that the Mota-Engil Mexico Consortium had won the tender to build the first section of the Mayan Train, and would work with China Communications Construction Company (CCCC), Grupo Cosh, Eyasa and Gavil Ingeniería…

Pierpaolo Bottini, a criminal lawyer who has defended construction company executives accused of corruption, recently told Diálogo Chino when asked about CCCC's record that past indiscretions don’t mean a company can’t change and that a structured internal compliance mechanism is what really matters…

As well as the controversy stirred by CCCC’s past, the president has faced strong opposition from civil organisations and communities in the area, who claim they don’t benefit from foreign investment in tourism projects…

For [Sergio] Madrid [director of the Mexican Civil Council for Sustainable Forestry (CCMSS)], megaprojects in the Yucatán Peninsula have been accompanied by the dispossession of land from indigenous communities.

Salvador Anta Fonseca, head of forestry at NGO Policy and Environmental Legislation (POLEA), said:

“The train itself is not the most complicated part of the project, but rather what is behind it, which are several new towns … that are going to generate strong pressure on some areas that still have important biodiversity.”…

There has been a lack of transparency on the impacts of the Mayan Train, according to Jorge Fernández, a lawyer at Indignation, a human rights NGO.

“It has always been an opaque project, where pertinent public information has not been provided, from the outline and its environmental impact to the implications of the project itself…” he said.

… indigenous communities and residents of Palenque, Salto de Agua and Ocosingo had filed an appeal challenging two agreements that allowed work on the Mayan Train to continue despite the pandemic. On 22 June, local courts suspended the first of the railway’s seven sections.

Fernández said the trial revealed three new points that led communities to expand demands for protection: “The first is the assertion by Fonatur that there is no environmental impact statement, something that has already changed because the agency presented the document. The second is that Fonatur has no legal authority to carry out tenders. And the third is the peoples who were not consulted, violating their right to self-determination.”

On the last point, the Mexican office of the UN’s High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR) said that the indigenous consultation process on the Mayan Train carried out in 2019 failed to comply with every international standard relating to the rights of indigenous peoples. This includes the right to prior consultation. UNHCHR emphasised that neither the call for the project, the consultation process, nor the information that the government gave to the community had complete information on the potential impacts on the area.

Moreover, some environmentalists and activists who have openly opposed the project have received anonymous death threats…

[Also referred to China Harbor Engineering Corporation]

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Article
28 April 2020

Mexico: China Communications Construction Company and Mota-Engil win Mayan Train contract

Author: EDUCA Oaxaca (Mexico)

[Excerpt translation from Spanish to English provided by Business & Human Rights Resource Centre]

"The usual corrupt people win Mayan Train tender", April 24, 2020

...The federal government awarded the first contract for the construction of the Mayan Train to the consortium led by the Chinese parastatal China Communications Construction Company Ltd and the Portuguese Mota-Engil -one of the most favoured companies in public works contracts during the six-year term of Enrique Peña Nieto-, for a total amount of $15.538 billion pesos. During the six years of Peña Nieto, Mota-Engil, the Portuguese construction company chaired by Carlos Filipe Dos Santos Martin, operated in Mexico with the entrepreneur Jose Miguel Bejos, a character very close to the former president, who even rented a house during the transition period. According to reports, Mota Engil Mexico left unfinished, in 2014, the construction of two highways in Veracruz and Tamaulipas. And in 2011, the World Bank excluded, for eight years, the state-owned China Communications Construction Company and all its subsidiaries from infrastructure projects it finances in various countries, due to fraudulent practices in road improvement programs in the Philippines.

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Author: EDUCA Oaxaca (México)

“Ganan licitación de Tren Maya los corruptos de siempre”, 24 de abril de 2020

…El gobierno federal adjudicó el primer contrato de construcción del Tren Maya al consorcio encabezado por la empresa paraestatal china China Communications Construction Company Ltd y la portuguesa Mota-Engil –una de las empresas más favorecidas en contratos de obra pública durante el sexenio de Enrique Peña Nieto–, por un monto total de 15 mil 538 millones de pesos. Durante el sexenio de Peña Nieto, Mota-Engil, la constructora portuguesa presidida por Carlos Filipe Dos Santos Martin, operó en México de la mano con el empresario José Miguel Bejos, personaje muy cercano al expresidente, al que incluso le rentó una casa durante el periodo de transición. De acuerdo con reportes, Mota Engil México dejó inconclusas, en 2014, la construcción de dos autopistas en Veracruz y Tamaulipas. Y en 2011, el Banco Mundial excluyó, durante ocho años, a la compañía estatal China Communications Construction Company y todas sus subsidiarias de los proyectos de infraestructura que financia en diversos países, debido a prácticas fraudulentas en programas de mejoramiento de carreteras en Filipinas…

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Author: EDUCA Oaxaca (墨西哥)

[此翻译由企业责任资源中心提供]

“腐败惯犯中标玛雅铁路项目”,2020424

……在恩里克·培尼亚·涅托(Enrique Peña Nieto)总统的任期内,联邦政府把玛雅铁路第一标段项目授予了由中国半国营的中国交通建设股份有限公司和世界知名的工程承包商葡萄牙莫塔-英吉尔公司(Mota-Engil)组成的联营体,项目合同金额为155.38亿比索。在恩里克·培尼亚·涅托总统的六年任期内,Carlos Filipe Dos Santos Martin执掌的葡萄牙建筑公司与企业家Jose Miguel Bejos在墨西哥合作经营,后者与前总统关系密切,在权力转交时期,他们曾共同租房。据报道,莫塔-英吉尔墨西哥公司在2014年没有完成韦拉克鲁斯州(Veracruz)和塔毛利帕斯州(Tamaulipas)的两段高速公路的修建工作。2011年,由于在菲律宾道路改善项目的投标中实施了欺诈行为,世界银行禁止中国交通建设股份有限公司及其全部子公司参与世行资助的基础设施项目,为期八年。

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Author: EDUCA Oaxaca (墨西哥)

[此翻譯由企業責任資源中心提供]

“腐敗慣犯中標瑪雅鐵路項目”, 2020424

……在恩里克·培尼亞·涅托( Enrique Peña Nieto )總統的任期內,聯邦政府把瑪雅鐵路第一標段項目授予了由中國半國營的中國交通建設股份有限公司和世界知名的工程承包商葡萄牙莫塔-英吉爾公司(Mota-Engil)組成的聯營體,項目合同金額為155.38億比索。在恩里克·培尼亞·涅托總統的六年任期內, Carlos Filipe Dos Santos Martin執掌的葡萄牙建築公司與企業家Jose Miguel Bejos在墨西哥合作經營,後者與前總統關係密切,在權力轉交時期,他們曾共同租房。據報導,莫塔-英吉爾墨西哥公司在2014年沒有完成韋拉克魯斯州( Veracruz )和塔毛利帕斯州( Tamaulipas )的兩段高速公路的修建工作。 2011年,由於在菲律賓道路改善項目的投標中實施了欺詐行為,世界銀行禁止中國交通建設股份有限公司及其全部子公司參與世行資助的基礎設施項目,為期八年。

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