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NGO coalition calls on EU to adopt legislation on supply chain due diligence aiming to avoid corporate funding of violence through natural resource production & trade

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Article
17 September 2013

[PDF] Breaking the links between natural resources and conflict: The case for EU regulation: A civil society position paper

Author: Group of 58 NGOs

This group of...European and global non-governmental organisations calls on the European Commission to adopt legislation requiring European business entities to conduct supply chain due diligence in order to ensure that they do not contribute to conflict financing or human rights abuses in the production and trade in natural resources. Such legislation should, at a minimum, meet international standards endorsed by the United Nations and by the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development and reflect principles contained within the European Union’s own Corporate Social Responsibility strategy...Weak supply chain management by European companies contributes to violence and human rights abuses in resource-rich regions with catastrophic consequences for local populations and local economies. Conflict funded by the trade in sought-after commodities often causes mass displacement, food insecurity and ultimately prevents reconstruction efforts from taking hold.

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Article
16 September 2013

New EU law could help stop natural resource trade fuelling conflict

Author: Global Witness

A coalition of 59 non-governmental organisations...is calling on the European Commission to pass a strong law to prevent European businesses fuelling conflict and human rights abuses through their purchases of natural resources, such as tin, gold and diamonds...[A civil society position paper] sets out the key elements that must be included in EU legislation to compel European businesses to carry out thorough supply chain checks, known as due diligence...The coalition recommends that the draft EU legislation: [1] Applies to all natural resources originating in any conflict-affected and high-risk area; [2] Is based on relevant international instruments, including the International Bill of Human Rights, the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights and the OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas; [3] Takes a risk-based approach that considers impacts on individuals and communities; [4] Complements existing EU initiatives and legislation to promote transparency and sustainable development and forms part of a comprehensive approach to prevent environmental destruction, reinforce governance and encourage security sector and mining reform in natural resource-rich developing countries.

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Article
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Author: Global Witness

Una coalición de 59 organizaciones no gubernamentales...apela a la Comisión Europea para que apruebe una ley estricta que tenga como objetivo evitar que las empresas europeas exacerben los conflictos y la violación de los derechos humanos al adquirir recursos naturales como estaño, oro o diamantes...[Un] documento de posición...expone los elementos fundamentales que deben incluirse en la legislación de la UE para obligar a las empresas europeas a llevar a cabo verificaciones exhaustivas de la cadena de suministro, lo que se conoce como «la diligencia debida»...La coalición recomienda que el proyecto de ley de la UE: [1] Se aplique a todos los recursos naturales procedentes de cualquier zona afectada por conflictos y zonas de alto riesgo [2] Se base en los instrumentos internacionales pertinentes, entre ellos la Carta Internacional de Derechos Humanos, los Principios Rectores de la ONU sobre las empresas y los derechos humanos, y las Directrices de la OCDE sobre la diligencia debida...[3] Adopte un enfoque basado en el riesgo, que tenga en cuenta las repercusiones que tendría sobre las personas y comunidades [4] Complemente las iniciativas y legislación actuales de la UE para fomentar la transparencia y el desarrollo sostenible, y se integre en una estrategia global para prevenir la destrucción ambiental, reforzar la gobernanza y promover una reforma del sector de la seguridad y la minería en países en desarrollo que son ricos en recursos naturales.

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Article
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Author: Global Witness

Une coalition de 59 organisations non gouvernementales (ONG) appelle la Commission européenne à adopter une législation stricte visant à empêcher les entreprises européennes d’alimenter les conflits et les violations des droits humains en achetant des ressources naturelles telles que l’étain, l’or et les diamants...[Un] rapport...énonce les éléments clés qui doivent être inclus dans la législation communautaire afin de contraindre les entreprises européennes à exercer un « devoir de diligence » approfondi sur leurs chaînes d’approvisionnement...La coalition recommande que le projet de législation de l’UE : [1] S’applique à toutes les ressources naturelles provenant de toute zone affectée par un conflit ou à haut risque ; [2] Se fonde sur des instruments internationaux pertinents, notamment la Charte internationale des droits de l’homme, les Principes directeurs de l’ONU relatifs aux entreprises et aux droits de l’homme, ainsi que le Guide OCDE sur le devoir de diligence...; [3] Adopte une approche basée sur le risque qui prend en considération l’impact sur les personnes et les communautés ; [4] Complète les initiatives et règlements existants de l’UE visant à promouvoir la transparence et le développement durable et s’inscrive dans une approche intégrée visant à prévenir la destruction de l’environnement, à renforcer la gouvernance et à encourager une réforme du secteur de la sécurité et de la législation minière dans les pays en développement riches en ressources naturelles.

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