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Nigeria: Activists concerned that Shell's increased security spending in Delta region fuels human rights abuses; Shell responds

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Company response
5 September 2012

Control Risks response

Author: Control Risks

As a global risk management consultancy, Control Risks works with international organisations, governments and NGOs in many complex and challenging environments and, as such, we are very aware both of the importance of the oil and gas sector and of the sensitivities associated with it. As consultants, we are not strategic decision-makers, however, we are committed to the application of the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights in our work. Long-term solutions to the many challenges facing the industry require the enlightened participation of companies, government agencies and civil society. We hope that we can make our own contribution by providing high standard professional advice, including on sensitive issues relating to security and human rights.

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Company response
5 September 2012

G4S response

Author: G4S

G4S does not currently supply front-line security staff to Shell in Nigeria or Syria. We note the recommendations in the report and as a UK company covered by the Bribery Act we have procedures in place that address many of the issues raised. G4S is a signatory to the UN Global Compact and the International Code of Conduct for Private Security Contractors and is actively working to strengthen the ICoC to an auditable standard. We cannot comment on other companies activities

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Company response
5 September 2012

Response to Platform Article “Dirty Work”

Author: Erinys International

From October 2005 to February 2009 Erinys International Ltd, through its local operating company in Nigeria, provided consultancy support (not security personnel) for a number of corporate programmes undertaken by SPDC in the Niger Delta...The contract with SPDC included developing standard procedures for communications, transport management and medical provision. Erinys also established modules to involve local communities in the management and supervision of pipeline systems within their communities and more than 3,500 people in those communities were trained...The main objective of the programmes in which Erinys was involved was to tackle the causes of any operating problems rather than to deal piecemeal with the many consequences.

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21 August 2012

[PDF] Dirty Work: Shell’s security spending in Nigeria and beyond

Author: Platform

This briefing presents an analysis of Shell’s global security expenditure between 2007 and 2009...By 2009, Shell’s total support for government forces in Nigeria reached an estimated $65 million. This is a staggering transfer of company funds and resources into the hands of soldiers and police known for routine human rights abuses...Shell’s security spending has: reinforced the impunity enjoyed by human rights abusers; enabled indiscriminate military attacks; hardened the ongoing militarisation of the Delta; exacerbated communal conflicts and become a potent force in conflict dynamics; exposed the company to potential liability for aiding international crimes. [refers to Shell Petroleum Development Company, AGIP (part of Eni), Nigerian National Petroleum Company (NNPC), Total, Control Risks Group, Erinys, G4S, Saladin Security and Executive Outcomes Chevron] [Business & Human Rights Resource Centre invited Control Risk, Saladin, G4S & Erinys to respond. Control Risk, G4S & Erinys responses are included below. Saladin declined to respond]

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19 August 2012

Shell spending millions of dollars on security in Nigeria, leaked data shows

Author: Afua Hirsch and John Vidal, Guardian [UK]

Activists expressed concern that the escalating cost of Shell's security operation in the [Niger] delta was further destabilising the oil rich region and helping to fuel rampant corruption and criminality [including human rights abuses by soldiers and police]...The financial documents…suggest Shell's worldwide security costs almost doubled between 2007-2009, coinciding with the rise of armed insurgency in the Niger delta..."Protecting our people and our assets is Shell's highest priority," said Shell International..."In the period that this report refers to, the armed militancy in the Niger delta was at its height, requiring a relatively high level of security spending there...All our staff and contractors are expected to adhere to the highest levels of personal and corporate ethics, as set out in our code of conduct. We support the Voluntary principles on security and human rights..., and we recognise that these principles help maintain the safety and security of our operations in a manner consistent with upholding human rights."

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Company non-response
21 August 2011

Saladin Security did not respond to: Nigeria: Activists concerned that Shell's increased security spending in Delta region fuels human rights abuses.