OHCHR Accountability and Remedy Project
In 2014, the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) launched an initiative to achieve more effective implementation of the Access to Remedy pillar of the UN Guiding Principles, with a focus on judicial mechanisms. The initiative, called the “Accountability and Remedy Project” (ARP I, for short), aimed to “make domestic legal responses fairer and more effective for victims of business-related human rights abuses, particularly in the most severe cases." The findings of ARP I were submitted to the Human Rights Council at its 32nd session.
In 2016, the Human Rights Council adopted a resolution by consensus which welcomed OHCHR’s work on improving accountability and access to remedy for victims of business-related human rights abuse, noting “with appreciation” the report and requesting OHCHR to continue its work in this field and to identify challenges and possibilities to improve the effectiveness of State-based non-judicial mechanisms. This new mandate, called the “Accountability and Remedy Project II” (ARP II, for short), was completed in 2018, and OHCHR’s report was submitted to the Human Rights Council during its 38th session.
Following the completion of both ARP I and II, the Human Rights Council adopted another resolution by consensus in July 2018, which welcomed the work of OHCHR on ARP generally; noted with appreciation the ARP II report; invited States to consider using the ARP I and II reports when seeking to enhance the ability and effectiveness of state-based judicial and non-judicial mechanisms; and encouraged relevant UN programmes and agencies, national human rights institutions, and civil society to take into consideration the ARP I and II reports. Furthermore, the Council requested OHCHR to proceed with work on ARP III, specifically to identify and analyse challenges, opportunities, best practices and lessons learned with regard to non-state-based grievance mechanisms that are relevant for the respect by business enterprises for human rights, and to submit a report thereon to be considered by the Human Rights Council at the 44th session.
For questions or comments relating to the Accountability and Remedy Project, please contact business-access2remedy [at] ohchr.org.
- 📄 Accountability and Remedy Project III: Enhancing effectiveness of non-state-based grievance mechanisms in cases of business-related human rights abuse
- 📄 Accountability and Remedy Project II: Enhancing effectiveness of State-based non-judicial mechanisms in cases of business-related human rights abuses
- 📄 Accountability and Remedy Project I: Enhancing effectiveness of judicial mechanisms in cases of business-related human rights abuse