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Report says security guards in Angola abuse locals

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Article
27 September 2006

Responses by diamond companies to report on abuses related to diamond mining in Cuango, Angola

Author: compiled by Business & Human Rights Resource Centre

In September 2006, independent journalist Rafael Marques published his report "Operation Kissonde: the diamonds of humiliation and misery"... The report raises serious concerns about killings, torture, beatings & other abuses by security companies employed by diamond firms in Cuango, Angola, and includes responses by two of the security companies. The Business & Human Rights Resource Centre invited five diamond companies to respond to the report. The companies' responses are available below. [links to responses by Endiama, ITM Mining, Lazare Kaplan, Lev Leviev Group, Odebrecht; rejoinders by Rafael Marques to responses of Lazare Kaplan, Odebrecht]

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Article
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Author: Endiama (Empresa Nacional de Diamantes de Angola)

ENDIAMA E.P., suas afiliadas e parceiros repudiam todos os actos de violência contra populares imputadas a membros singulares das empresas de segurança diamantífera; ...ENDIAMA...continuarão a trabalhar...para verificar os relatos constantes no relatório e os mecanismos para que actos do género não voltem a acontecer...[se refiere a SDM (Sociedade de Desenvolvimento Mineiro de Angola) (joint venture Odebrecht & Endiama)]

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Article
8 September 2006

Report says security guards in Angola abuse locals

Author: Zoe Eisenstein, Reuters So. Africa

An Angolan human rights activist has accused private security companies in parts of the diamond-rich country of systematic human rights abuses against the local population. Rafael Marques said...that guards working for three companies in the Cuango municipality in Lunda Norte province were guilty of beatings, humiliation, sexual abuse and enforced labour... Repeated attempts to contact the companies over several days were unsuccessful.

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Article
30 August 2006

Angola pays price for riches say reports

Author: John Reed, Financial Times

Two separate reports have painted a bleak picture of health and human rights in Angola’s diamond-rich east. The findings are likely to increase international pressure on the country to improve governance and public services as it enjoys double-digit growth thanks to rising revenue from oil and diamonds. Médecins sans Frontières on Wednesday published results of a survey of infant mortality conducted in Xá-Muteba, in eastern Angola’s Lunda Norte province... Separately, a leading Angolan human-rights activist claims in a forthcoming report seen by the FT to have documented dozens of cases of “profoundly sadistic” human-rights abuses by security companies protecting diamond operations in Cuango municipality, in another part of Lunda Norte. Guards employed by the three companies used shovels, shovel handles, clubs and machetes to torture their victims, Rafael Marques alleges in “Operation Kissonde: the Diamonds of Humiliation and Misery.” The alleged abuses affected mostly garimpeiros, or individual artisanal diamond miners, whose activities sometimes clash with those of conventional mining and trading operations.

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