Southeast Asia: Study alleges that Chinese dams contributed to drought that devastated farmers & fishermen

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19 April 2020

Southeast Asia: Study alleges that Chinese dams contributed to drought that devastated farmers & fishermen

Author: Reuters, South China Morning Post

"Did China's dams contribute to drought in Lower Mekong countries?", 13 April 2020

Chinese dams held back large amounts of water during a damaging drought in the countries downstream of the Mekong River – known as the Lancang in China – despite higher-than-average water levels upstream, according to a US research company.

China's government disputed the findings of the US-government funded study....

The findings by Eyes on Earth...saw the Lower Mekong at its lowest levels in more than 50 years, devastated farmers and fishermen....

....Alan Basist, a meteorologist and president of Eyes on Earth,...suggested China was "not letting the water out during the wet season, even when the restriction of water from China has a severe impact of the drought experienced downstream"....

The effect of China's 11 dams on the upper Mekong has long been debated, but data has been scarce because China does not release detailed records of how much water the dams are using to fill their reservoirs, which Eyes on Earth says have a combined capacity of more than 47 billion cubic metres.

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China dismissed the findings, with a statement from the foreign affairs ministry describing the explanation that China's dam building on the river was causing drought downstream as "unreasonable".

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Author: 路透社,南华早报

[此翻译由企业责任资源中心提供]

“中国的大坝是否引发了湄公河下游国家的干旱?”,2020 年4月13日

美国一家研究机构表示,在湄公河下游国家发生严重干旱之际,虽然上游(在中国境内一段被称为澜沧江)水量高于以往平均水平,但大量的水源被中国境内的大坝拦截。

中国政府对美国政府资助的该机构的这些发现表示怀疑……

地球之眼(Eyes on Earth)发现……湄公河下游水位降到50多年来的最低点,农民和渔民遭受重创……

……气象学家兼地球之眼总裁艾伦·贝斯特(Alan Basist)……指出,中国“在雨季截水,限制放水量加剧了下游的干旱”……

中国在湄公河上游修建的11座大坝产生的影响一直存在争议。由于中国没有公开大坝截留水量的详细记录,相关数据稀缺。地球之眼表示,这些大坝截留的水量超过470亿立方米。

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中国否认这些发现,中国外交部长发表声明,指出“中国大坝造成下游干旱”这种说法“毫无道理”。

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Author: 路透社,南華早報

[此翻譯由企業責任資源中心提供]

“中國的大壩是否引發了湄公河下游國家的干旱?”,2020 年4月13日

美國一家研究機構表示,在湄公河下游國家發生嚴重干旱之際,雖然上游(在中國境內一段被稱為瀾滄江)水量高於以往平均水平,但大量的水源被中國境內的大壩攔截。

中國政府對美國政府資助的該機構的這些發現表示懷疑……

地球之眼(Eyes on Earth)發現……湄公河下游水位降到50多年來的最低點,農民和漁民遭受重創……

……氣象學家兼地球之眼總裁艾倫·貝斯特(Alan Basist)……指出,中國“在雨季截水,限制放水量加劇了下游的干旱”……

中國在湄公河上游修建的11座大壩產生的影響一直存在爭議。由於中國沒有公開大壩截留水量的詳細記錄,相關數據稀缺。地球之眼表示,這些大壩截留的水量超過470億立方米。

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中國否認這些發現,中國外交部長發表聲明,指出“中國大壩造成下游乾旱”這種說法“毫無道理”。

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