Sudan: Interview with Luke Patey on how Chinese & Indian oil companies are learning to behave more responsibly in the region after civil war

Injection Well in Unity State (courtesy of ENOUGH Project)

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9 December 2014

How Africa is changing Chinese oil companies

Author: Beth Walker, chinadialogue

Sudan’s civil war and American sanctions against Khartoum in the 1990s opened the oilfields to China and India...But the political turmoil and bloodshed over the division of Africa’s largest country… Indian and Chinese large multinational corporations have used Africa as a launching pad into the global market place…They made hard and soft changes to their security policies based on their experiences of kidnappings, violence and theft in the Sudans…started to change their soft approach and engage politically overseas to improve security…taken part in corporate social responsibility workshops hosted by international NGOs and Sudanese civil society…The Sudan experience also caused Chinese and Indian national oil companies to rethink their overall investment strategy…The biggest negative environmental impact has been the dumping of wastewater from oil production which has killed livestock, caused illness among locals and built resentment against the companies on the ground…Chinese companies need a strong Sudanese government with a clear set of regulations to follow and repercussions if they don’t follow them like any oil company does...

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Author: 贝丝 沃尔克,中外对话

…90年代,苏丹内战持续蔓延,美国对喀土穆(苏丹首都)实施了制裁,这给中国和印度的石油企业制造了商机…但是,随着苏丹政权分裂…印度和中国的大型跨国企业将非洲作为进入全球市场的跳板…为有效应对这些不安全因素,它们基于自身经验,采取刚柔并济的策略,对安保政策做出了适当的改进。…它们开始采取迂回策略,通过参与海外政治提高安全性…積極參加國際非政府組織(NGOs)和蘇丹民間團體主辦的企業社會責任研討會…中印企业在苏丹的遭遇也迫使双方不得不重新思考其整体投资策略。…石油生产过程中的废水排放对环境的不利影响最大。它会造成牲畜死亡、居民生病,从而导致居民对当地企业强烈不满… 苏丹政府需要制定明确的法律法规对中国企业进行监管,一旦它们违反相关规定便应遭到相应处罚…

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Author: 貝絲沃爾克,中外對話

…90年代,蘇丹內戰持續蔓延,美國對喀土穆(蘇丹首都)實施了製裁,這給中國和印度的石油企業製造了商機…但是,隨著蘇丹政權分裂…印度和中國的大型跨國企業將非洲作為進入全球市場的跳板…為有效應對這些不安全因素,它們基於自身經驗,採取剛柔並濟的策略,對安保政策做出了適當的改進。 …它們開始採取迂迴策略,通過參與海外政治提高安全性…積極參加國際非政府組織(NGOs)和蘇丹民間團體主辦的企業社會責任研討會…中印企業在蘇丹的遭遇也迫使雙方不得不重新思考其整體投資策略。 …石油生產過程中的廢水排放對環境的不利影響最大。它會造成牲畜死亡、居民生病,從而導致居民對當地企業強烈不滿… 蘇丹政府需要製定明確的法律法規對中國企業進行監管,一旦它們違反相關規定便應遭到相應處罰…

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