USA: Chinese firms and entities added to sanction lists over human rights abuses

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Article
25 May 2020

USA: Chinese firms and entities added to sanction lists over human rights abuses

Author: Deutsche Welle

“US sanctions Chinese entities over human rights violations”, 22 May 2020

The US Department of Commerce… said it would sanction 33 Chinese firms and government institutions over human rights abuses against Uighurs and other minority groups in China's western Xinjiang region…

The US will penalize two entities, the Chinese Ministry of Public Security's Institute of Forensic Science and Aksu Huafu Textiles, for "engaging in human rights violations and abuses." Seven other companies will be sanctioned for enabling surveillance in Xinjiang, the Commerce Department said, adding that all will be subject to restrictions from exports from the US.

"These nine parties are complicit in human rights violations and abuses committed in China's campaign of repression, mass arbitrary detention, forced labor and high-technology surveillance against Uighurs, ethnic Kazakhs, and other members of Muslim minority groups in the Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region," the Commerce Department said in a statement.

Two dozen other companies, government institutions and commercial organizations were also added to the list for supporting the procurement of items for the Chinese military, the Commerce Department said in a second statement.

The newly-sanctioned companies specialize in artificial intelligence and facial recognition technology…

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Article
25 May 2020

USA: Department of Commerce adds 24 Chinese firms and institutions to entity list for risk of "supporting procurement of items for military end-use in China"

Author: US Department of Commerce

“Commerce Department to Add Two Dozen Chinese Companies with Ties to WMD and Military Activities to the Entity List”, 22 May 2020

The Department of Commerce’s Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) announced it will add 24 governmental and commercial organizations to the Entity List for engaging in activities contrary to the national security or foreign policy interests of the United States. The entities, based in China, Hong Kong, and the Cayman Islands, represent a significant risk of supporting procurement of items for military end-use in China…

This action will prohibit the export, re-export, or in-country transfer of items subject to the Export Administration Regulations (EAR) to these entities without Department of Commerce authorization…

The 24 entities to be added to the Entity List are:

Beijing Cloudmind Technology Co., Ltd.

Beijing Computational Science Research Center

Beijing Jincheng Huanyu Electronics Co., Ltd.

Center for High Pressure Science and Technology Advanced Research

Chengdu Fine Optical Engineering Research Center

China Jiuyuan Trading Corporation

Cloudminds (Hong Kong) Limited

Cloudminds Inc.

Harbin Chuangyue Technology Co., Ltd.

Harbin Engineering University

Harbin Institute of Technology

Harbin Yun Li Da Technology and Development Co., Ltd.

JCN (HK) Technology Co. Ltd.

K Logistics (China) Limited

Kunhai (Yanjiao) Innovation Research Institute

Peac Institute of Multiscale Science

Qihoo 360 Technology Co. Ltd.

Qihoo 360 Technology Company

Shanghai Nova Instruments Co., Ltd.

Sichuan Dingcheng Material Trade Co., Ltd.

Sichuan Haitian New Technology Group Co. Ltd.

Sichuan Zhonghe Import and Export Trade Co., Ltd.

Skyeye Laser Technology Limited

Zhu Jiejin

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Article
25 May 2020

USA: Department of Commerce lists nine Chinese entities and firms for alleged human rights abuses in Xinjiang

Author: US Department of Commerce

“Commerce Department to Add Nine Chinese Entities Related to Human Rights Abuses in the Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region to the Entity List”, 22 May 2020

The Department of Commerce's Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) announced the impending addition of the People’s Republic of China’s Ministry of Public Security’s Institute of Forensic Science and eight Chinese companies to the Entity List, which will result in these parties facing new restrictions on access to U.S. technology. These nine parties are complicit in human rights violations and abuses committed in China’s campaign of repression, mass arbitrary detention, forced labor and high-technology surveillance against Uighurs, ethnic Kazakhs, and other members of Muslim minority groups in the Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region (XUAR). This action will supplement BIS’s first tranche of Entity List designations in October 2019 involving 28 parties engaged in the XUAR repression campaign in Xinjiang…

… The EAR [Export Administration Regulations] imposes additional license requirements on, and limits the availability of most license exceptions for, exports, re-exports, and transfers (in-country) to listed entities.

The listing will identify China’s Ministry of Public Security’s Institute of Forensic Science and Aksu Huafu Textiles Co. for engaging in human rights violations and abuses in the XUAR. An additional seven commercial entities will be to the list for enabling China’s high-technology surveillance in the XUAR: CloudWalk Technology; FiberHome Technologies Group and the subsidiary Nanjing FiberHome Starrysky Communication Development; NetPosa and the subsidiary SenseNets; Intellifusion; and IS’Vision.

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