USA: Govt. contractors accused of profiting from separation & detention of migrant & asylum seeking families

In May 2018, the Trump administration announced that it would increase prosecutions of migrants and asylum seekers crossing the US-Mexico border and implemented a “zero tolerance” policy intended to deter new migrants with the threat of jail sentences and by separating immigrant children from their parents. US Attorney Jeff Sessions stated “If you cross the southwest border unlawfully, then we will prosecute you... If you’re smuggling a child, then we’re going to prosecute you, and that child will be separated from you. If you don’t want your child separated, then don’t bring them across the border illegally.”

At least 2,500 children have been separated from their parents at the U.S. border. Human rights organizations and activists, religious leaders, politicians, CEOs, company representatives and others strongly condemned the practice of separating children from their parents. The CEOs of Chobani, Apple, Uber, and others have expressed that the practice is inhumane and called for an end to family separation. (See more regarding CEO statements and company actions here.)

Following significant pressure, US President Donald Trump signed an Executive Order on June 20, 2018 ending the practice of separating families. However, parents will still be prosecuted and families will remain together in immigrant detention as their cases are being processed, raising significant concerns regarding indefinite detention. It is also unclear when and how families that have already been separated will be reunited. 

Human rights organizations and journalists have accused private prison operators CoreCivic and GEO Group and govt. contractors Comprehensive Health Services Inc., Dynamic Service Solutions, Dynamic Educational Systems, General Dynamics and MVM of financially profiting from family separation and detention. An online resource by Corrections Accountability Project, "Immigrant detention: An American business" also alleges that bank and investor financing for CoreCivic & GEO Group supports these two companies to profit from the Trump Administration's harsh immigration policies.

The Business & Human Rights Resource Centre invited these companies, banks and investors to respond. Responses from BlackRock, BNP Paribas, CoreCivic, GEO Group, Comprehensive Health Services Inc, General Dynamics, MVM, Vanguard and Wells Fargo are available below. Bank of America, Dynamic Service Solutions, Dynamic Educational Systems and US Bank did not respond. JPMorgan Chase and SunTrust declined to respond.

Booz Allen Hamilton, Deloitte, and PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC) have also been accused profiting from the Trump administration's anti-immigrant crackdown and the detention of migrants and asylum seekers through contracts with ICE. The Resource Centre invited them to respond. A response from PricewaterhouseCoopers is included below; Booz Allen Hamilton and Deloitte did not respond.

Update (as of 13 July 2019): Bank of America, BNP Paribas, JPMorgan Chase, SunTrust, and Wells Fargo have decided to stop financing private prisons in the United States.


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19 June 2018

US defense contractors profit from child detention—and you might, too

Author: Tim Fernholz, Quartz

General Dynamics is one of the largest defense contractors in the country... It is also caring for the detained migrant children that the US government has separated from their parents...  Since 2000, it has worked for the Department of Health and Human Services’ Office of Refugee Resettlement. This entails “casework support services to help ensure special needs of unaccompanied children are met, including medical requirements, and to facilitate family reunification, only after children are under the care of Health and Human Services” according to a statement provided by General Dynamics Information Technology spokesperson Jay Hauck... With so many new children in the system, General Dynamic has begun advertising for jobs to help process all of the tiny prisoners...These very specific help-wanted ads have attracted notice from reporters and from activist groups Sleeping Giant and Grab Your Wallet, who have begun contacting the General Dynamics and another contractor,MVM, Inc. to let them “know how they feel about making money on locking children in cages.” MVM is a privately-held former CIA contractor with a checkered history that works with ORR to manage emergency shelters... In 2017, General Dynamics made more than $4 billion on IT contracts like these.

Read the full post here

20 June 2018

Video: MVM says contract pre-dated “zero tolerance” policy & removes job postings; Microsoft & airlines speak out against family separation

Author: CNBC

"Corporations react to their services being used in migrant family separation policy," 20 June 2018

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Company response
21 June 2018

General Dynamics response

Author: General Dynamics

General Dynamics Information Technology has provided support to unaccompanied minors through its work with the Office of Refugee Resettlement (ORR), a part of the Department of Health and Human Services, since 2000. This includes casework support services to help ensure special needs of unaccompanied children are met, including medical requirements, and to facilitate family reunification, only after children are under the care of Health and Human Services. General Dynamics Information Technology has no role in the family separation policy, nor a role in the construction or operation of detention facilities.

Download the full document here

Company response
25 June 2018

MVM response

Author: MVM, Inc.

MVM has tremendous empathy for the families and children arriving at the U.S. border. We have made clear that we stand ready to assist the government in any reunification efforts. There has been a misperception of the role MVM is playing on the issue of unaccompanied immigrant children. The current services MVM provides consist of transporting undocumented families and unaccompanied children to Department of Health and Human Services designated facilities – we have not and currently do not operate shelters or any other type of housing for minors. While these children and families are in our care, our priority is ensuring they are safe and treated with dignity and compassion... In 2017, prior to the recent separation policy, MVM was one of several organizations awarded a contract to provide as-needed emergency support services to the Office of Refugee Resettlement (ORR)... To date we have not performed any emergency support services for ORR nor do we anticipate providing any services in the near future. At the direction of the company’s leadership, we have removed job postings related to readiness operations under the separation policy.

Download the full document here

26 June 2018

Defense contractors cashing in on immigrant kids’ detention

Author: Betsy Woodruff & Spencer Ackerman, The Daily Beast

Separating refugee and immigrant children from their parents isn’t just an emotionally wrenching policy. It’s an enterprise that is benefitting intelligence and defense contractors. Those contractors—including one with a history of scandals—have advertised a flurry of jobs in recent weeks to support the infrastructure surrounding undocumented children whom the Trump administration has taken from their families... One of them... [is] MVM Inc... Federal Contracting databases show MVM was awarded a contract worth up to $8 million over the next five years. The contract... calls for the company to provide assistance in emergency shelter operations for unaccompanied children and extends through September 2022... MVM also has contracts with Immigration and Customs Enforcement for transporting unaccompanied undocumented children around McAllen. According to a contractor database, the work has earned MVM nearly $43 million since last September.

... Joe Arabit, the director of MVM’s homeland security and public safety division, [said] "MVM, Inc.’s top priority is the welfare of children while they are in our care. We are a trusted partner of ICE... and ORR because of the respect and dedication with which we treat those whom we transport. Managing the transportation, security, and shelter needs of these children is a highly sensitive matter, and the safety of those in our care is the most important thing."... The company has been contracted with ICE for its transportation services for unaccompanied immigrant children since 2014, Arabit said, and for ORR’s “temporary shelter services for unaccompanied children since 2017.”... The defense contracting giant General Dynamics'... jobs for ORR involve policy analysis; tracking “new placements and progress of minors in ORR funded care”; supporting ORR’s director in, among other tasks, “review[ing] files and redact[ing] information as directed.”... General Dynamics was the third largest federal contractor by dollar amount, with $15 billion in government contracts in fiscal 2017. According to Gordon’s database, it’s faced $280.3 million in penalties for 23 misconduct cases since 1995... “It looks right now that the Trump administration’s policies regarding immigration is proving to be a relatively lucrative area for private contractors,” said Neil Gordon, an investigator with the Project on Government Oversight.

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2 July 2018

Commentary: Private prisons have most to gain from US immigration policy

Author: Alexandra F. Levy, The Washington Post (USA)

"Who has most to gain from Trump’s immigration policies? Private prisons.", 29 June 2018

Who stands to gain from the Trump administration’s immigration policies?...One possibility? Private for-profit prison companies.  The two largest private prison contractors in the United States, GEO Group and CoreCivic, house thousands of immigrant detainees across the country.  These corporations now face allegations that they force immigrant detainees to perform unpaid labor inside their facilities.  Since President Trump took office, immigrant detainees have brought five separate human trafficking and forced labor lawsuits against these two private prison companies...The lawsuits allege that GEO Group and CoreCivic compelled the detainees to work cleaning toilets, showers and communal housing units without pay and under threat of punishment...GEO Group has denied the allegations, arguing in a court filing that “the household duties expected of detainees do not involve GEO in ‘trafficking’ persons for forced labor.”  And while a spokesman for CoreCivic said the company doesn’t comment on pending litigation, the company also maintains that its programs are “completely voluntary” and follow federal standards.  But if the allegations are true, then both companies are violating federal human trafficking laws that prohibit forced labor and involuntary servitude...The implications of these cases reach far beyond the individual civil cases.  Many of the immigrants detained at GEO Group and CoreCivic facilities would not legally be permitted to work outside the detention centers’ fences...

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3 July 2018

An examination of private financing for correctional & immigration detention facilities

Author: In the Public Interest

While governments have traditionally used municipal bonds to finance the construction of correctional facilities, there is evidence that the two major private prison companies, CoreCivic (formerly Corrections Corporation of America, or CCA) and GEO Group, are actively pushing governments to consider the use of private financing to build new facilities... This private financing boom has serious implications for policy making:

  • Private prison construction deals embed private interests in the criminal justice system, perpetuating mass incarceration...
  • Private prison construction deals prop up companies with records of human rights abuses. Regardless of whether a new facility will be operated by private or public sector staff, these deals grow and strengthen CoreCivic and GEO Group, both of which have extensive records of human rights abuses.

While this report focuses on the facility construction financing aspects of these contractual arrangements, it is important to note that CoreCivic and GEO Group’s track record providing facility operations has been consistently abysmal. There are numerous examples of both companies cutting corners and failing to provide humane treatment of prisoners and appropriate prison conditions... These records of human rights abuses should give any governmental entity serious pause before signing any type of contract with private prison companies.

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3 July 2018

Businesses have made millions off Trump's child separation policy

Author: Hunter Walker, Yahoo News

President Trump's controversial child separation policy is being carried out with the help of private businesses who have received millions of dollars in government contracts to help run the shelters where young migrants are being held away from their parents... [B]y reviewing publicly available contracts data, Yahoo News was able to identify five companies that are participating in the operation of the shelters... The data reviewed by Yahoo News was for a contract vehicle called "Shelter Care for Unaccompanied Children 2022."... Comprehensive Health Services Inc. (CHSI), a Florida-based company that touts its experience with “immigrant shelter services” received the bulk of the contracts. According to GovTribe, the company was awarded three contracts worth up to about $65 million. The first contract awarded to CHSI through the vehicle kicked off in September 2017 and was for “emergency shelter operations.”   

... Dynamic Service Solutions, a Maryland firm, was awarded a contract worth up to $8.7 million from HHS through the “shelter care for unaccompanied children” vehicle in September 2017. The company has posted job openings online indicating it is hiring Spanish-speaking “youth care workers” to work with “unaccompanied alien children” in Homestead. Darnell Armstrong, president and CEO of Dynamic Service Solutions, referred all questions about his role in the child separation policy to the Department of Health and Human Services... Dynamic Educational Systems, a subsidiary of the Arizona firm Exodyne, was awarded a pair of HHS contracts worth up to approximately $5.6 million for “emergency shelter operations.” 

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Company response
3 July 2018

Comprehensive Health Services’ response re allegation that it profited from the Trump administration’s practice of separating migrant and asylum-seeking children from their parents

For questions about ORR or its programs, or about Federal or administration policy related to unaccompanied alien children, please contact the ACF Office of Public Affairs at 202-401-9215 or via email [email protected].

Company response
3 July 2018

CoreCivic response re allegation that it is profiting from the detention of immigrant and asylum-seeking families and separation of families

Author: CoreCivic

There is a considerable amount of misinformation around these issues. See the attached fact sheet that addresses our company's limited role in immigration, for your organization's benefit and that of your readers.

Download the full document here