Departamento encuestado: Commission for Human Rights and Good Governance
Note: This questionnaire was completed by Tanzania's National Human Rights Institution, the Commission for Human Rights and Good Governance.
¿Su gobierno ha adoptado alguna iniciativa para reducir los impactos negativos de las empresas en los derechos humanos que usted considere particularmente exitosa? Por favor indique uno o más ejemplos al respecto.
1.1 Public enquiries on child labour were conducted in 2008/2009 with support from ILO, Tanzania office. The inquiries were combined with human rights monitoring and research on child labour. Covering three districts such as Temeke in Dar es Salaam, Ilemela in Mwanza and Kilwa in Lindi.
Findings revealed that fishing is one of the main activities where child labour was evident. Poverty was mentioned to be the main underlying causes of child labour. Also it was revealed that most of the people are aware of the effects of child labour. There were negative effects on children’s rights which were revealed and more specifically was on the right to education. On the other hand, the findings showed that people fail to draw the line between child work or teaching a child to be self reliant and child labour and worst forms of child labour.
1.2 Fact Finding Mission on Forced Evictions of Maasai Communities in Loliondo
Investigations were carried out by CHRAGG [Commission for Human Rights and Good Governance] in 2009 as a follow-up to media reports and concerns raised by International Agencies and human rights NGOs about violation of human rights and contravention of principles of good governance in Loliondo Game Controlled Area where a hunting block had been allocated to an investor. Protests ensued from the local community who are mainly Maasai pastoralists who wanted additional land for grazing. The issue under investigation was that pastoralists were forcefully evicted from the hunting block they had occupied and there were claims that some properties were lost in the eviction process.
1.2 Public Enquiries on Land Disputes
In 2010, with the financial support from the Legal Sector Reform Program (LSRP), CHRAGG conducted public inquiries which aimed at identifying factors which contributed to land disputes and disapprovals in mining areas. Facts were collected and citizens views on how to solve the land disputes. The inquiries covered twelve districts of Tanzania Mainland and Zanzibar.
Conflicts and disputes on land mainly involve peasant farmers and pastoralists; citizens and the government authorities concerning land use, boundaries of public owned land like national parks and game reserves; citizens and investors; small versus big mining companies.
1.3 Public Hearing on Land Conflict in Ulanga, Morogoro 2010
Citizens of Itete and Iragua wards in Ulanga District in Morogoro lodged a complaint with the Commission against a hunting company operating in the area allegedly for illegal extension of hunting block boundaries. Citizens were forcefully evicted and resulted into loss of properties – houses, livestock and agricultural tools. Some were injured.
1.4 Public Hearing on Mining in Nzega
In 2007, CHRAGG conducted a public hearing, in Lusu Area, Nzega District, Tabora Region in which villagers complained that they were forcibly evicted from their settlements, farmlands, burial grounds and places of worship and commercial properties to give way to a big mining company. Also the complainants among other things claimed that appropriate compensation was not paid.
1.5 Developing the National Human Rights Action Plan (NHRAP), 2013-2017
¿Qué departamento o departamentos tienen una responsabilidad significativa respecto a las empresas y los derechos humanos dentro de su gobierno?
The Commission for Human Rights and Good Governance
¿Su gobierno ha promovido nuevas iniciativas en el tema de empresas y derechos humanos, o ha fortalecido las ya existentes, desde la aprobación de los Principios Rectores de las Naciones Unidas en junio de 2011?
YES: Incorporation of business and human rights activities in the National Human Rights Action Plan 2013-2017
¿Cuáles son los cinco principales temas de derechos humanos en los que las pueden tener impacto, sobre los que su gobierno ha tomado medidas?
Types of company impacts prioritised:
- Sexual harassment
- Land rights and displacement
- Impacts on children, including child labour
Medidas en materia de discriminación
Legislative or constitutional
¿Su gobierno ha adoptado un Plan de Acción Nacional sobre las empresas y los derechos humanos como lo recomienda el Consejo de los Derechos Humanos de las Naciones Unidas y el Grupo de Trabajo sobre la Cuestión de los derechos humanos y las empresas transnacionales y otras empresas, o lo hará en el futuro?
It is at the intial stages
Indique hasta qué punto cada uno de los siguientes factores le impide a su gobierno emprender acciones en temas de empresas y derechos humanos.
Most important factors:
- Lack of resources for enforcement, monitoring and prosecution
- Oppositon by economic interest groups or business associations
- Other opposition by influential people or groups outside government
- Lack of understanding or awareness of business & human rights in government
- Opposition or lack of consensus within government
- Concern about deterring foreign investment
- Political limitations imposed by foreign governments or multilateral institutions
- Challenges of coordinating across government departments
Por favor, comparta con nosotros cualquier comentario adicional, incluyendo ideas sobre formas de colaboración futuras y aprendizaje compartido para promover el tema de las empresas y los derechos humanos.
Networking to learn best practices on business and human rights.