Killings - an introduction

Below are select introductory materials on killings.  Further reports from a wide range of sources are in the "Killings" section of our site.


Key reports & guidance

Human Rights Translated: A Business Reference Guide, OHCHR, IBLF, UN Global Compact & Castan Centre for Human Rights Law at Faculty of Law, Monash University, Dec 2008 (scroll down to page 9, “Article 6: Right to life”).

Collective Report on Business and Human Rights, Submission to the 8th Session of the UN Human Rights Council, International Network for Economic, Social & Cultural Rights (ESCR-Net), June 2008 (scroll down to page 13, “Right to life, liberty & security of person”).

"Fanning the Flames: The role of British mining companies in conflict and the violation of human rights", War on Want, Nov 2007.

Arms without borders, Amnesty Intl., Intl. Network on Small Arms, Oxfam, Oct 2006.

Deadly ventures? Multinational corporations and paramilitaries in Colombia, Olga Martin-Ortega, Post-Doctoral Research Fellow, University of East London (UK), 2008.

Human Rights Watch study found "virtually no progress" in getting convictions for killings of trade unionists in Colombia, Human Rights Watch, Oct 2011.


Concerns, company responses & non-responses

Below we give examples of concerns regarding companies and killings.  In cases where the Resource Centre has invited companies to respond to allegations of misconduct, we indicate whether the company has responded.

Angola: Security companies for diamond mining operations in Cuango, Angola, responsible for killings, torture, beatings & other abuses, says report, Sep 2006.  Responses from ENDIAMA, ITM Mining, Lazare Kaplan, Lev Leviev Group, Odebrecht.

Burma: Burma Campaign UK says Total has helped to keep in power government that is "killing thousands by denying aid", May 2008.  Response from Total.

Burma: EarthRights Intl. report alleges Total, Chevron, PTTEP complicit in killings and forced labour in Burma, July 2010.  Response from PTTEP; Total response included in Time article.  No response from Chevron.

Colombia: Excerpt of new book alleging bottling plants supplying Coca-Cola are linked with killings of trade unionists, Oct 2008.  Response from Coca-Cola.

Colombia: 60 Minutes (USA) report on Chiquita's ties to armed groups who have massacred thousands of people - interviews Chiquita CEO, paramilitary leader, May 2008.

El Salvador: Video report on recent killing of an anti-mining activist, death threats & violence against others, Aug 2009.  Response from Pacific Rim.

Mozambique: Security guards at Mafambisse sugar plantation, owned by Tongaat Hulett, accused of killing striking worker, Jul 2007.  Response from Tongaat Hulett.

Pakistan: Judicial inquiry reports serious abuses by property developers Bahria Town, Defence Housing Authority, Habib Rafique - alleges forced evictions, killings, Apr 2010.  Responses from Bahria Town, Defence Housing Authority.  No response from Habib Rafiq.

Peru: New film on 2009 killings at Zijin Mining's Rio Blanco mine, Apr 2011.  No responses from Zijin Mining Group, Tongling Nonferrous Metals Group, Xiamen Construction & Development (the 3 members of the Zijin Mining Consortium).

Philippines: Reports allege Sagittarius Mines Inc (SMI) / Xstrata connected with killing of human rights activist Eliezer "Boy" Billanes, Mar 2009.  Response from Xstrata/SMI.

Zimbabwe: Opposition politician Roy Bennett criticises companies for allegedly profiting from killings at Marange diamond fields, Mar 2011.  Responses from Anglo Platinum, Impala Platinum, Old Mutual.

Sudan: European Coalition on Oil in Sudan (ECOS) report on alleged complicity by oil companies in human rights abuses, including killings, during Sudan's 1997-2003 civil war, Jun 2010.  Responses from Lundin, OMV, Petronas.  No response from Sudapet.

Tanzania: Security guards at Barrick Gold mine accused of wanton violence & killings, preventing families from holding burial services for dead, May 2011.  Response from Barrick Gold.

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Historias y componentes discutidos en las áreas detalladas

Artículo
2 October 2006
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Autor(a): Control Arms Coalition [Oxfam, Amnesty International, International Action Network on Small Arms (IANSA)]

85 of the world’s top 100 arms companies in 2003 were headquartered in the industrialised world. This paper shows how many of them (including...Pratt and Whitney [part of United Technologies]...Mercedes-Benz [part of DaimlerChrysler] and...BAE Systems)...

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Artículo
14 November 2006
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Autor(a): Ronnel Domingo, Inquirer / INQ7.net [Philippines]

SAYING VIOLENCE has no place in a democracy, foreign chambers of commerce and multinational companies yesterday made an unprecedented call on President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo’s administration to put an end to political killings or risk losing aid and...

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Artículo
17 July 2007
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Autor(a): Agencia de Informacao de Mocambique

One person died and three others were injured...when violent clashes broke out...at the Mafambisse sugar plantation, in the central Mozambican province of Sofala, after about 4,000 seasonal workers went on strike…The workers...accused the head of the...

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Artículo
12 December 2007
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Autor(a): Compiled by Business & Human Rights Resource Centre

In November 2007, War on Want released a report, "Fanning the Flames: The role of British mining companies in conflict and the violation of human rights". The Business & Human Rights Resource Centre invited the companies referred to in the report...

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Artículo
11 May 2008
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Autor(a): Steve Kroft, 60 Minutes, CBS News [USA]

...[O]ver the past 25 years no place has been more perilous [for American corporations abroad] than Colombia... Chiquita...found out the hard way. It made millions growing bananas there, only to emerge with its reputation splattered in blood after...

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Artículo
15 May 2008
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Autor(a): Burma Campaign UK

Burma Campaigners have purchased shares in Total Oil in order to attend the company’s Annual General Meeting in Paris…Total Oil is one of the largest corporate funders of the military dictatorship in Burma, which is currently denying aid to millions of...

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Artículo
1 June 2008
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Autor(a): International Network for Economic, Social & Cultural Rights

ESCR-Net’s Corporate Accountability Working Group is pleased to announce the release of its Collective Report on Business and Human Rights. Presented directly to Members of the 8th Session of the UN Human Rights Council in Geneva during the first week...

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Artículo
20 September 2008
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Autor(a): Mark Thomas, Guardian [UK]

Being a trade union organiser in bottling plants used by Coca-Cola in Colombia is a dangerous business - they are prime targets for death squads. Can Coke be held responsible?...Sinaltrainal [Sindicato Nacional de Trabajadores de la Industria de...

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Artículo
5 December 2008
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Autor(a): OHCHR, IBLF, UN Global Compact & Castan Centre for Human Rights Law at Faculty of Law, Monash University [Australia]

Readers are guided through each of the rights contained in the UN treaties...and given a description of what each right means in general terms and how it may be relevant to a company’s activities...To bring reality to the report, each description of a...

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Artículo
31 December 2008
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Autor(a): Olga Martin-Ortega, Post-Doctoral Research Fellow, University of East London [UK]

One of [the Colombian conflict] characteristics is the participation of external actors...The activities and working methods of certain multinational corporations in Colombia have had a direct impact on the development of the conflict in certain areas,...

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