Killings - an introduction
Below are select introductory materials on killings. Further reports from a wide range of sources are in the "Killings" section of our site.
Key international standards & mechanisms
- International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights: article 6.1
- Human Rights Committe: General Comment 6
- Convention on the Rights of the Child: Article 6
Key reports & guidance
Human Rights Translated: A Business Reference Guide, OHCHR, IBLF, UN Global Compact & Castan Centre for Human Rights Law at Faculty of Law, Monash University, Dec 2008 (scroll down to page 9, “Article 6: Right to life”).
Collective Report on Business and Human Rights, Submission to the 8th Session of the UN Human Rights Council, International Network for Economic, Social & Cultural Rights (ESCR-Net), June 2008 (scroll down to page 13, “Right to life, liberty & security of person”).
Arms without borders, Amnesty Intl., Intl. Network on Small Arms, Oxfam, Oct 2006.
Deadly ventures? Multinational corporations and paramilitaries in Colombia, Olga Martin-Ortega, Post-Doctoral Research Fellow, University of East London (UK), 2008.
Human Rights Watch study found "virtually no progress" in getting convictions for killings of trade unionists in Colombia, Human Rights Watch, Oct 2011.
Concerns, company responses & non-responses
Below we give examples of concerns regarding companies and killings. In cases where the Resource Centre has invited companies to respond to allegations of misconduct, we indicate whether the company has responded.
Angola: Security companies for diamond mining operations in Cuango, Angola, responsible for killings, torture, beatings & other abuses, says report, Sep 2006. Responses from ENDIAMA, ITM Mining, Lazare Kaplan, Lev Leviev Group, Odebrecht.
Burma: EarthRights Intl. report alleges Total, Chevron, PTTEP complicit in killings and forced labour in Burma, July 2010. Response from PTTEP; Total response included in Time article. No response from Chevron.
Pakistan: Judicial inquiry reports serious abuses by property developers Bahria Town, Defence Housing Authority, Habib Rafique - alleges forced evictions, killings, Apr 2010. Responses from Bahria Town, Defence Housing Authority. No response from Habib Rafiq.
Peru: New film on 2009 killings at Zijin Mining's Rio Blanco mine, Apr 2011. No responses from Zijin Mining Group, Tongling Nonferrous Metals Group, Xiamen Construction & Development (the 3 members of the Zijin Mining Consortium).
Sudan: European Coalition on Oil in Sudan (ECOS) report on alleged complicity by oil companies in human rights abuses, including killings, during Sudan's 1997-2003 civil war, Jun 2010. Responses from Lundin, OMV, Petronas. No response from Sudapet.
Positive steps by companies
Philippines: American Eagle, Gap, Polo Ralph Lauren, Walmart, Liz Claiborne, Jones Apparel, Phillips Van Heusen join chambers of commerce in expressing concern to Philippines President about political killings and violent attacks against striking workers, Nov 2006.
Lawsuits regarding killings
Historias y componentes discutidos en las áreas detalladas
Autor(a): Control Arms Coalition [Oxfam, Amnesty International, International Action Network on Small Arms (IANSA)]
85 of the world’s top 100 arms companies in 2003 were headquartered in the industrialised world. This paper shows how many of them (including...Pratt and Whitney [part of United Technologies]...Mercedes-Benz [part of DaimlerChrysler] and...BAE Systems)...
- También se encuentra en: Amnesty & Oxfam report says arms companies may be transferring production overseas to avoid controls at home - weapons reaching human rights abusers
- Áreas detalladas: Arms & weapons Killings - an introduction NGO
- Empresas relacionadas: BAE Systems Boeing DaimlerChrysler (now Daimler) Doosan Group EADS (European Aeronautic Defence and Space) Elbit Systems Ford Land Rover (part of Tata Group) Land Systems OMC (part of BAE Systems) Lockheed Martin Mercedes-Benz (part of Daimler) Pratt and Whitney (part of United Technologies) Raytheon Thyssen Henschel United Technologies
Autor(a): Ronnel Domingo, Inquirer / INQ7.net [Philippines]
SAYING VIOLENCE has no place in a democracy, foreign chambers of commerce and multinational companies yesterday made an unprecedented call on President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo’s administration to put an end to political killings or risk losing aid and...
- También se encuentra en: 7 apparel companies join chambers of commerce in expressing concern to Philippines President about political killings and violent attacks against striking workers
- Áreas detalladas: Apparel & textile Killings - an introduction Lobbying for union rights/labour standards
- Empresas relacionadas: American Eagle Outfitters Chong Won Gap Jones Group Liz Claiborne (part of J.C. Penney) Polo Ralph Lauren PVH (Phillips-Van Heusen) Walmart
Autor(a): Agencia de Informacao de Mocambique
One person died and three others were injured...when violent clashes broke out...at the Mafambisse sugar plantation, in the central Mozambican province of Sofala, after about 4,000 seasonal workers went on strike…The workers...accused the head of the...
- También se encuentra en: Mozambique: Security guards at Mafambisse sugar plantation accused of killing striking worker
- Áreas detalladas: Killings - an introduction Security issues & conflict zones - an introduction
- Empresas relacionadas: Tongaat Hulett
Autor(a): Compiled by Business & Human Rights Resource Centre
In November 2007, War on Want released a report, "Fanning the Flames: The role of British mining companies in conflict and the violation of human rights". The Business & Human Rights Resource Centre invited the companies referred to in the report...
- También se encuentra en: War on Want report alleges UK mining companies involved in human rights abuses overseas
- Áreas detalladas: Complicity Killings - an introduction NGO Supply chain War on Want report & responses
- Empresas relacionadas: Anglo American AngloGold Ashanti BHP Billiton Monterrico Metals (part of Zijin) Oxus Gold Rio Tinto Vedanta Resources Xstrata (part of Glencore)
Autor(a): Steve Kroft, 60 Minutes, CBS News [USA]
...[O]ver the past 25 years no place has been more perilous [for American corporations abroad] than Colombia... Chiquita...found out the hard way. It made millions growing bananas there, only to emerge with its reputation splattered in blood after...
Autor(a): Burma Campaign UK
Burma Campaigners have purchased shares in Total Oil in order to attend the company’s Annual General Meeting in Paris…Total Oil is one of the largest corporate funders of the military dictatorship in Burma, which is currently denying aid to millions of...
- También se encuentra en: Burma Campaign UK says Total has helped to keep in power govt. that is “killing thousands by denying aid”
- Áreas detalladas: Killings - an introduction
- Empresas relacionadas: Total
Autor(a): International Network for Economic, Social & Cultural Rights
ESCR-Net’s Corporate Accountability Working Group is pleased to announce the release of its Collective Report on Business and Human Rights. Presented directly to Members of the 8th Session of the UN Human Rights Council in Geneva during the first week...
- También se encuentra en: ESCR-Net Collective Report on Business and Human Rights - 2008
- Áreas detalladas: Killings - an introduction
Autor(a): Mark Thomas, Guardian [UK]
Being a trade union organiser in bottling plants used by Coca-Cola in Colombia is a dangerous business - they are prime targets for death squads. Can Coke be held responsible?...Sinaltrainal [Sindicato Nacional de Trabajadores de la Industria de...
- También se encuentra en: Coca-Cola lawsuit (re Colombia) Colombia: Excerpt of new book alleging bottling plants supplying Coca-Cola are linked with killings of trade unionists
- Áreas detalladas: Colombia Food & beverage Food & beverage Killings Killings - an introduction
- Empresas relacionadas: Coca-Cola Coca-Cola FEMSA Compania Internacional de Bebidas y Alimentos S.A. Panamco (see Coca-Cola FEMSA)
Autor(a): OHCHR, IBLF, UN Global Compact & Castan Centre for Human Rights Law at Faculty of Law, Monash University [Australia]
Readers are guided through each of the rights contained in the UN treaties...and given a description of what each right means in general terms and how it may be relevant to a company’s activities...To bring reality to the report, each description of a...
- También se encuentra en: Coca-Cola lawsuit (re Colombia) Freeport-McMoRan lawsuits (re West Papua) New practical human rights guide for business by UN Global Compact, IBLF, Castan Centre, OHCHR Shell lawsuit (re Nigeria - Kiobel & Wiwa) Union Carbide/Dow lawsuit (re Bhopal) Yahoo! lawsuit (re China) Mostrar másMostrar menos
- Áreas detalladas: Arbitrary detention - an introduction Health - an introduction Killings - an introduction Latest Legal News
- Empresas relacionadas: Abengoa adidas Aker Kvaerner Alcoa Alibaba.com AOL Barclays Bayer Bayer CropScience (part of Bayer) Bechtel Ben & Jerry's (part of Unilever) BHP Billiton BP British Airways British American Tobacco CACI CBRL Group Chevron Cisco Systems Coca-Cola Compania Internacional de Bebidas y Alimentos S.A. Cracker Barrel (part of CBRL Group) Credit Suisse Dow Chemical Elf Aquitaine (now part of Total) Emergent Genetics (part of Monsanto) Enron EY (Ernst & Young) Freeport Indonesia (part of Freeport-McMoRan) Freeport-McMoRan G4S GlaxoSmithKline Google (part of Alphabet) GSL Australia (now G4S Australia) HP (Hewlett-Packard) IBM IKEA James Hardie Johnson & Johnson KPMG Levi Strauss Marriott McDonald's Microsoft Monsanto (part of Bayer) Novartis Pentland Group Pfizer PricewaterhouseCoopers Shell Starbucks Titan (now L-3 Titan) Total Toyota TPG UBS Unilever Union Carbide (part of Dow) Unocal (part of Chevron) Walmart Walt Disney Yahoo! (part of Verizon)
Autor(a): Olga Martin-Ortega, Post-Doctoral Research Fellow, University of East London [UK]
One of [the Colombian conflict] characteristics is the participation of external actors...The activities and working methods of certain multinational corporations in Colombia have had a direct impact on the development of the conflict in certain areas,...
- También se encuentra en: Chiquita lawsuits (re Colombia) Coca-Cola lawsuit (re Colombia) Drummond lawsuits (re Colombia) Mostrar másMostrar menos
- Áreas detalladas: Academic Colombia Killings - an introduction Latest Legal News
- Empresas relacionadas: Chiquita Coca-Cola Del Monte Foods Dole Drummond Fresh Del Monte Produce Nestlé