Perfil de las demandas judiciales contra Hudbay por actividades en Guatemala

For an English-language version of this case profile, please click here.

См. версию дела на русском здесь.

Hudbay_nickel_mine_Guatemala_credit_mining_injustice_solidarity_networkEl 28 de marzo de 2011, un grupo de 11 mujeres guatemaltecas presentaron una demanda ante la Corte Suprema de Ontario, Canadá, en contra de Hudbay Minerals y su subsidiaria HMI Nickel Inc. Las mujeres alegaban que estas compañías fueron cómplices de las violaciones colectivas que ellas sufrieron a manos del personal de seguridad de las empresas demandadas. Denunciaron que las violaciones ocurrieron en enero de 2007 durante los desahucios forzados de miembros de la comunidad Maya Q’eqchi’ que vive en El Estor. El proyecto minero de níquel de las empresas (Proyecto Fénix) se localiza en El Estor, donde miembros de esta comunidad han cuestionado la legitimidad de la concesión minera otorgada para realizar el Proyecto Fénix. Hudbay Minerals dice que se defenderá activamente en contra de las denuncias de violaciones..

Las demandantes hacen parte de la comunidad Maya Q’eqchi’ residente en El Estor. La mayoría de personas de la comunidad nunca ha aceptado la legitimidad de la concesión minera y los derechos territoriales otorgados por el gobierno de Guatemala para realizar el Proyecto Fénix. Las demandantes argumentan que la concesión se encuentra en sus territorios ancestrales y que estos se le otorgaron a Hudbay sin haber consultado de manera adecuada a la comunidad Q’eqchi’, quien ha protestado por el desarrollo del proyecto y se ha opuesto al desplazamiento y reubicación de sus hogares y comunidad.

Adicionalmente a la demanda presentada en 2011 en contra de Hudbay Minerals, se presentó otra demanda en septiembre de 2010 por la viuda de un líder de la comunidad Q’eqchi, Ich Chamán, quien fuera brutalmente golpeado e impactado con arma de fuego en 2009, durante una protesta contra la mina Fénix. Su viuda, Angelina Choc, reclama que los guardias de seguridad del Proyecto Fénix golpearon violentamente a Chamán, quien no estaba armado, le dispararon y lo mataron. (La señora Choc también hace parte del grupo de demandantes de 2011 mencionado arriba). La demandante alega que Hudbay Minerals no tomó las precauciones adecuadas para asegurar que su personal de seguridad no perpetrara abusos en contra de los derechos humanos.

En diciembre de 2011, se presentó otra demanda en contra de Hudbay Minerals en Canadá por parte de un sobreviviente del incidente a tiros en el Proyecto Fénix. El demandante, quien quedó parapléjico, alega que en septiembre de 2009, el jefe de seguridad del Proyecto Fénix de Hudbay le disparó a corta distancia, en un ataque no provocado.

Los tres procesos  están en curso. En febrero de 2013, HudBay retiró su oposición a que se estudiaran los casos en un tribunal de Canadá. El 22 de julio del 2013, la Corte Superior de Ontario emitió un fallo permitiendo que los casos procedan a la fase de juicio.

- "Tribunal canadiense inica juicio contra minera Hudbay", Siglo21, 5 marzo 2013
- "Demandante de Hudbay dice que es difícil que en Guatemala se haga justicia", EFE, 4 marzo 2013
- "Lawyer touts 'breakthrough' in Hudbay lawsuit", Jeff Gray, Globe & Mail, 25, Feb 2013
- "Indígenas Q’eqchi’s demandaron a minera canadiense Hudbay Minerals", CERIGUA, 4 diciembre 2012
- "Shooting Victim Announces Third Human Rights Lawsuit Against Hudbay Minerals", Klippensteins Barristers & Solicitors, Rights Action, 7 Dec 2011
- “Hudbay defends against allegations in gang rape lawsuit”, Canadian Press, 29 Mar 2011
- “Hudbay faces fresh $55m lawsuit from Guatemalan group”, Mining Weekly, 29 Mar 2011
- “Guatemalan widow's lawsuit against Hudbay could be precedent setting”, Matthew Hill, Mining Weekly, 18 Feb 2011
- “Widow files $12M suit against mining company”, CBC News, 2 Dec 2010

- Hudbay: [PDF] Hudbay Responds to Allegations in Statement of Claim, 29 Mar 2011
- Hudbay: The facts: Hudbay's former operations in Guatemala 
- Klippensteins, Barriesters & Solicitors [plaintiffs’ counsel]:
Mayan women victims of gang rapes announce lawsuit against Canadian mining company Hudbay Minerals, 28 Mar 2011
Choc v. Hudbay Minerals Inc. & Caal v. Hudbay Minerals Inc. [includes links to legal documents filed by plaintiffs]

- [PDF] Caal v Hudbay Minerals Inc. and HMI Nickel Inc. - Statement of Claim, 28 Mar 2011 [filed in Ontario Superior Court of Justice]
- [PDF] Choc v Hudbay Minerals Inc., HMI Nickel Inc. and Compania Guatemalteca de Niquel S.A., 24 Sep 2010 [filed in Ontario Superior Court of Justice]

 

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Artículo
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Autor(a): Rights Action

On Wednesday, December 1, 2010...lawyers for the widow of a community leader who was shot and hacked to death in an unprovoked attack by private security forces employed at a Canadian mining project in Latin America [Guatemala] will announce a lawsuit brought in Ontario courts against a major Canadian mining company [Hudbay]. The murdered man was an outspoken critic of harms caused by Canadian mining activities in his community. To date, no one has been held accountable for his death...For more information see www.chocversushudbay.com, after 10:30 a.m., Dec. 1.

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Artículo
2 December 2010

2010-Dic. Caso legal por Asesinato de Adolfo Ich Chamán: Choc v. Hudbay Minerals.

Autor(a): www.mimundo.org

Angélica Choc, viuda de Adolfo Ich Chamán, ha presentado una demanda en La Corte Superior en Toronto, Canadá, contra HudBay Minerals y HMI Nickel, compañías matrices del proyecto minero de níquel Fénix de la Compañía Guatemalteca de Níquel (CGN). Ich Chamán fue brutalmente asesinado por fuerzas de seguridad privada contratadas por CGN el 27 de septiembre de 2009. [Incluye vínculos al comunicado completo, la denuncia completa, Fotorreportaje de MiMundo.org sobre el asesinato de Adolfo Ich Chamán]

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Autor(a): CBC News

A Guatemalan woman has filed a multimillion-dollar lawsuit against Canadian mining giant HudBay Minerals, claiming it is responsible for the death of her husband. Angelica Choc filed the suit in a Toronto courtroom...Her lawyer, Murray Klippenstein, said she is taking the action because HudBay Minerals and the Guatemalan government have done little to arrest an alleged company employee accused of killing her husband [Adolfo Ich]...Ich and other Mayan leaders protested against the mining company for its forced evictions of families and for unresolved land claims...On Sept. 30, 2009, Ich was hacked and shot to death — allegedly by a private security guard employed by Compania Guatemalteca de Niquel, a subsidiary of Manitoba's HudBay Minerals — in front of witnesses following a protest in El Estor. No one has been arrested for the killing...An official with the mining company called the lawsuit "misconceived" and "without merit." John Vincic said HudBay's own investigation found that none of the company's employees were involved in the killing.

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Autor(a): Matthew Hill, Mining Weekly

The trial of a Guatemalan woman who is suing Canadian miner HudBay Minerals for C$12-million in the Ontario Superior Court of Justice for the death of her husband in 2009 is “probably years away”, Angelica Choc’s lawyer said…Choc…claimed in court papers…that security forces under a HudBay Guatemalan subsidiary’s employ “hacked and shot to death” her husband Adolfo Ich Chamán, who she said was an outspoken critic of the company…Ich Chamán died in the wake of a spate of community protests around the mine, called the Fenix project, in 2009. Choc alleged that CGN’s then head of security CGN Mynor Ronaldo Padilla Gonzáles shot an unarmed Ich Chamán in the head at close range…HudBay…disputes this, saying it is confident CGN and its employees were not involved in Ich Chamán’s death…[refers also to Skye resources]

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Autor(a): Klippensteins Barristers & Solicitors [Canada]

The filing of this suit against HudBay Minerals follows upon the suit, filed in December 2010, against HudBay for the killing of Adolfo Ich. Rosa Elbira Coc Ich, and ten other indigenous Mayan Q'eqchi' women, announced today a lawsuit...against...HMI Nickel, and its corporate owner, HudBay Minerals, relating to rapes suffered by them...On January 17, 2007, the eleven women were gang-raped by mining company security personnel, police and military during the forceful expulsion of Mayan Q'eqchi' families from their farms and homes...These armed evictions were sought by HMI Nickel in relation to its Fenix mining project...[operated] in part through its Guatemalan subsidiary Compañía Guatemalteca de Níquel (CGN) [part of HudBay]...The lawsuit [is] filed in HudBay and HMI Nickel's home jurisdiction of Ontario, Canada…Ian Austin, the then-CEO of HMI Nickel, released a public letter in Canada that stated: "[t]he company did everything in its power to ensure that the evictions were carried out in the best possible manner while respecting human rights."

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Autor(a): Canadian Press

HudBay Minerals Inc. (TSX:HBM) said Tuesday that it will investigate allegations that security personnel, along with members of the police and military, attacked and gang-raped several women in 2007 during efforts to clear people from lands near a mining project in Guatemala. However, the company said the accusations in a $55-million lawsuit against the company and a subsidiary contradict available information and that it would defend itself "vigorously against them."

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Autor(a): Karyn Keenan, program officer at Halifax Initiative Coalition, in Pambazuka

Canadian mining companies seem to enjoy impunity virtually everywhere that they operate overseas...Canada has abdicated its governance responsibility regarding the overseas activities of the mining sector, refusing to regulate either the companies or the government agencies that support them, or to take legislative action to ensure that non-nationals...are able to seek redress in Canada...The issue of access to remedy for the victims of corporate abuse requires urgent attention. An obvious priority is to strengthen judicial institutions in the countries where abuse takes place. However, it’s also critical that the judiciary in multinationals’ ‘home’ countries, such as Canada, hear cases involving...their companies in foreign countries, especially when the victims lack other viable options. [Refers to Cambior lawsuit re Guyana, Anvil Mining lawsuit re Dem. Rep. of Congo, Copper Mesa lawsuit re Ecuador, HudBay Minerals lawsuits re Guatemala. Also refers to Barrick Gold, TSX (part of TMX Group).]

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Autor(a): Matthew Hill, Mining Weekly

Lawyers representing alleged human rights abuses victims of Canadian Mining firm HudBay Minerals in Guatemala will continue their efforts to sue the company for a combined $67-million, despite the TSX-listed firm’s announcement late last week that it would sell the Fenix nickel project, where the alleged abuses occurred. “We believe this sale was prompted in part by the severe human rights issues at HudBay’s Fenix project that dogged the company at every turn,” said Murray Klippenstein, a lawyer representing one of the victims. “HudBay and HMI Nickel cannot avoid liability for their past actions by selling the project,” he added. Toronto-based HudBay said it was selling the project because it didn’t fit its strategy of focusing on volcanogenic massive sulphide and porphyry deposits. "Our position remains the same," HudBay spokesperson John Vincic said...Hudbay announced...it would sell the asset, for which it paid $460-million in 2008, to the privately held Solway Group, based in Cyprus, for $170-million.

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Autor(a): CBC/Radio-Canada

Two weeks ago there was an election in...Guatemala...In the weeks leading up to the vote...more than 40 people were killed...This is the background against which Canadian mining companies have been doing business for the past 50 years, right through the 36 year-long civil war...For the most part, todays violence revolves around the drug cartels and the mines. Now, the anti mining forces are fighting back in a new way. Guatemalans are launching law suits in Canadian courts against Canadian mining companies. The latest is a multi million dollar claim against Hud Bay Minerals filed by 11 Mayan women allegedly raped when they were cleared off the land 4 years ago. The law suits are a new tactic in an old war - a war over land: - the government and the mining companies on one side, the Mayans and human rights workers on the other. [also refers to Inco]

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Autor(a): CBC News

A mining watchdog agency that was supposed to hold Canadian companies accountable for their actions overseas has done little to protect communities abroad, critics say. In October 2009, the federal government appointed a corporate social responsibility counsellor to probe complaints about Canadian companies committing abuses in developing countries. The...office...has only received two complaints in the past two years..."The whole counsellor position is toothless," said Toronto-based lawyer Murray Klippenstein who is involved in a case against a Canadian mining company. "It's basically a whitewash..."...The first complaint landed on the desk of the office counsellor, Marketa Evans, in April, when a Mexican mining union and mine workers accused a Canadian company of human rights violations...[T]he office's investigation into allegations against...Excellon Resources'...mine project was closed when the company refused to participate any further in the process. [refers to First Quantum Minerals, HudBay Minerals]

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