Tchad: Glencore ignore des riverains blessés suite à un déversement d’eaux usées et une fuite de pétrole, selon un rapport

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+ English - Cacher

Auteur: RAID (UK)

We are three civil society organizations writing to you in relation to human rights and environmental concerns at Glencore’s Badila oilfield concession in the region of Logone oriental in Chad. Following a recent joint field visit to local communities near to the oilfields we have a number of concerns and questions that we hope Glencore will be able to answer...

In June 2019, RAID conducted a field mission with PILC and AJTZP to several of the communities around the Badila concession. Our joint team interviewed more than a hundred residents, as well as members of civil society, local authorities and medical staff. A number of important human rights and environmental concerns were raised during our visit. These include the effects of a spill in September 2018 from a storage basin and its consequences on local residents; the use of military personnel to clear local residents from the land for the construction of the basin following earlier objections about ownership; the lowering of the water table affecting access to drinking water; and damage to homes...

Our organizations plan to publish a report based on the research and seek Glencore’s response to a number of questions which you will find attached...In the interests of balanced and fair reporting, we strive to reflect all relevant information in our research and publications. We would be happy to receive any information to the questions raised, as well as any other information you believe might be relevant...

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Article
16 March 2020

Glencore a ignoré des blessures corporels à la suite d’un déversement sur son site pétrolier au Tchad

Auteur: RAID (UK)

Glencore a ignoré les signalements de blessures graves des habitants vivant près de son site pétrolier de Badila au Tchad après un déversement d’eaux usées et une fuite d’oléoduc en septembre 2018, a révélé un nouveau rapport...Le site pétrolier de Badila est exploité par PetroChad Mangara Ltd, une filiale détenue à 100 % par Glencore...

Le rapport publié par...RAID, décrit la rupture, le 10 septembre 2018, d’une digue d’un bassin retenant de l’eau de production, un sous-produit de la production de pétrole brut. Les eaux usées se sont déversées dans la rivière Nya Pende, essentielle à la vie quotidienne de milliers d’habitants locaux. Deux semaines plus tard, la situation s’était encore aggravée, lorsque les habitants locaux ont constaté une fuite de pétrole brut d’un oléoduc de Glencore près de la rivière...

« À plusieurs reprises, Glencore a fermé les yeux sur les signalements de dizaines de blessures par les habitants locaux, ignorant simplement les plaintes comme si elles n’étaient pas importantes », a déclaré Anneke Van Woudenberg, la directrice exécutive de RAID. « Les habitants locaux pensent que ces blessures ont été provoquées par des substances toxiques suite au déversement et/ou à la fuite de l’oléoduc, mais 16 mois plus tard, Glencore n’a toujours pas mené d’enquête approfondie et indépendante. »...

Glencore réfute le fait que le déversement a créé un risque pour la santé des communautés locales et a indiqué que les eaux usées issues du bassin étaient, pour l’essentiel, des eaux de pluie. Dans une correspondance écrite avec RAID et lors d’une réunion en octobre 2019, la société a expliqué qu’elle basait ses conclusions sur un échantillon prélevé dans le bassin le jour du déversement, qui « s’est avéré être dans les limites requises par les normes de performance de la Société financière internationale »...

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Article
+ English - Cacher

Auteur: RAID (UK)

50 local residents report burns and skin lesions after wastewater spill and oil pipe leak. Glencore ignored reports of serious injuries to local residents in Chad living near its Badila oilfield following a September 2018 wastewater spill and oil pipe leak, a new report published today reveals. The Badila oilfield is operated by PetroChad Mangara Ltd, a 100%-owned subsidiary of Glencore...

The report by corporate watchdog, RAID, describes the collapse on 10 September 2018 of a basin holding produced water, a by-product of crude oil production. The wastewater poured into the local Nya Pende River, crucial for the daily life of thousands of local residents. Two weeks later the situation was aggravated further when local residents noticed a crude oil leak from Glencore’s oil feeder pipe near to the river...

“Glencore repeatedly turned a blind eye to reports of dozens of injuries from local residents, simply ignoring the complaints as if they were of no consequence,” said Anneke Van Woudenberg, the Executive Director of RAID. “Local people believe toxic substances after the spill and/or the oil pipe leak are responsible, but 16 months later Glencore still hasn’t concluded a thorough and independent investigation.”...

According to residents, Glencore’s wastewater basin had been leaking weeks before it collapsed, but the company failed to properly address the problem. Glencore unsuccessfully sought to persuade local chiefs and the Chadian government to allow a controlled release, but it provided no proof the wastewater was harmless and its request was refused...

Glencore refutes that the spill posed a health risk and said the wastewater from the basin was predominately rainwater. In written correspondence with RAID and in an October 2019 meeting, the company said it based this conclusion on a sample taken from the basin on the day of the spill, which “was found to be within the limits required by the International Finance Corporation’s performance standards.”...

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Rapport
+ English - Cacher

Auteur: RAID (UK)

That night the earth bank supporting the water basin collapsed and a wave of destruction swept across the surrounding landscape until...The river was crucial for daily life. Thousands of downstream local residents used it for bathing, fishing, washing and to water livestock and crops...In the days and weeks that followed the wastewater spill and the crude oil leak...dozens of local residents suffered physical injuries including burns, skin lesions, and pustules on the skin...Livestock were also affected and 15 individuals reported deaths of goats, cattle, pigs, and sheep... 

This briefing sets out how Glencore failed to properly address the leak at its wastewater basin, to adequately warn local residents about the wastewater spill before and after it occurred, to assess or alleviate the consequences, and to investigate the injuries that local residents reported in the days and weeks that followed the spill and the crude oil leak reported by local chief and residents. Instead, Glencore largely ignored the reports of injuries and the death of livestock, both of which should have sent alarm bells ringing...

After RAID and Chadian civil society groups raised concerns in August and October 2019, Glencore said it was “committed to trying to understand the root causes” of the injuries and would “conduct further research and investigation into a number of areas, using independent resources and further engagement with communities where required.” At the time of publication of this report, Glencore said it had “appointed an independent consultant to conduct an assessment on ground water, river water and soil samples upstream and downstream” of the Badila concession and is “in the process of commissioning an independent Health Impact Risk Assessment.”...

Following the field mission to Chad, RAID...wrote to Glencore raising human rights and environmental concerns relating to the wastewater spill. Glencore provided a detailed response which was...Glencore says that: “Of the complaints received relating to the water release, none related to injuries” and that it therefore “did not investigate any complaints of this nature.” The company said it did “receive a single verbal report but no formal complaint on 13 October 2018, which related to a young girl [sic] who appeared to have suffered blisters following bathing in the Nya River.”

 

 

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