Natural Resources

 natural resources mining pit credit pixabay ronile

Extractive companies have had adverse impacts on a broad array of human rights, such as resettlement of communities without adequate consultation and compensation; environmental degradation and its effects on health, sources of livelihood and access to clean water; as well as charges of forced labor, rape and even extrajudicial killings by security forces protecting company assets, with some cases meeting the legal definition of corporate complicity.

 

- John Ruggie 

Natural resources are at the beginning of every supply chain. Their development is essential to the production of energy, consumer goods and food. This means that there are high stakes involved in their use, development and depletion. Natural resources can therefore be a great source of wealth for both governments and local communities, and bring benefits to all citizens. In practice, however, investments in oil, gas, coal, minerals, renewable energyand large-scale agriculture are often entwined with human rights abuses. This is particularly the case in some of the world’s poorest – but most resource-rich – countries. Under the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights, it is the responsibility of the companies developing these resources, as well as their buyers and investors, to safeguard the human rights of workers and communities affected by their activities. 

As Congolese doctor Denis Mukwege explained in his Nobel Peace Prize acceptance speech: 

We love nice cars, jewellery and gadgets. I have a smartphone myself. These items contain minerals found in our country. Often mined in inhuman conditions by young children, victims of intimidation and sexual violence. When you drive your electric car, when you use your smart phone or admire your jewellery, take a minute to reflect on the human cost of manufacturing these objects. As consumers, let us at least insist that these products are manufactured with respect for human dignity.

In this “Big Issue” area, discover sector-specific analysis, initiatives, and news coverage.

Extractives   Renewable Energy   Agriculture

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Histórias e componentes discutidos nessa respectiva área in this in-depth are

Artigo
4 October 2019
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Autor: Matthew Ross, The Conversation

"Mining powers modern life, but can leave scarred lands and polluted waters behind", 3 October 2019....

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Artigo
4 October 2019
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Autor: Bukola Adebayo, CNN

"At least 22 killed in Congo gold mine collapse, authorities say", 3 October 2019...

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Artigo
4 October 2019
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Autor: Reuters, The East African

"Congo mine deploys digital weapons in fight against conflict minerals", 1 October 2019....

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Artigo
4 October 2019
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Autor: TV5Monde

"RDC: 21 morts dans l'éboulement d'une mine artisanale dans l'Est (nouveau bilan)", 2 octobre 2019...

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Artigo
3 October 2019
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Autor: Research on Poverty Alleviation (Tanzania)

"How Tanzania can avoid the resource curse"...

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Artigo
3 October 2019
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Autor: Baz Waiswa, in Earthfinds (Uganda)

"Miners hoping EITI will be good for business, promote transparency"...

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Artigo
1 October 2019
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Autor: Adamu Abuh, The Guardian (Nigeria)

‘Stop being cosmetic, fix oil pipelines, rights group tells Shell’ 19 September 2019...

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Artigo
1 October 2019
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Autor: Ben Ezeamalu, Premium Times (Nigeria)

‘UN Climate Action: Activists demand oil corporations pay for environmental damages’ 24 September 2019...

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Artigo
1 October 2019
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Autor: African News Agency (South Africa)

‘Minerals Council South Africa launches safety and health strategy’ 1 October 2019...

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Artigo
1 October 2019
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Autor: 263Chat (Zimbabwe)

‘Documentary On Induced Displacements Brings Insight’ 26 September 2019...

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